Presentation on theme: "Street Furniture Street furniture is a collective term for objects and pieces of equipment installed on streets and roads for various purposes, including."— Presentation transcript:
1Street FurnitureStreet furniture is a collective term for objects and pieces of equipment installed on streets and roads for variouspurposes, including traffic barrier, benches, bollards, post boxes, phone boxes, streetlamps, street lighting, trafficlights, traffic signs, bus stops, grit bins, tram stops, taxi stands, public lavatories, fountains and memorials, andwaste receptacles. An important consideration in the design of street furniture is how it affects road safety.
3Components: various styles and finishes according to the requirment of the context BOLLARDS-to prohibit vehicles within given area, makes pedestrians feel less vulnerable to the passage of traffic in close quartersSteel bollardsCast iron bollards
8These railings are used varilably in ares like staircases ,streets,parking lots etc These elements are aesthetic as well as functional,different patterns and shapes may change the whole feel of the component also ,the placment or arrangment changes the function ,size ,materials used.
9A street in mussourie Pedestrian barriers Beautiful ornate railings Reflecting the culturalHeritage of the place andAdding to the natural beautyPedestrian barriersFor security reasons ,also create a sense of differentiation or demarkation of ones property .A Shimla railing showingHow a railing has been used byA woollen items roadside vendor
10Fencing This traditional fencing offers elegance and security whilst allowing freedom for architecturalcontent.
11Service Areas, Trash Enclosures, Dumpsters, and Me- LITTER BINSTo be kept in mind –the placement ,the material used for the type of waste used ,the design should be such that it is comfortable in use (for eg. Easy to open lid),number of bins placed (eg. More litter bins are required in a small street wid restaurants and eatouts,lesser required on a highway)Service Areas, Trash Enclosures, Dumpsters, and Me-chanical Equipment shall be visually screened
12Advanced products like bomb resistant litter bins have now been introduced using special material for manufacturingCast iron + special linerReinforced glass fibre+ speciallinerCast iron + special liner
13Steel bins wall post bins stainless steel bins Recycling litter binsPlastic binsUsed when space is in premium -Optimises space
14Correct installation is important Cheap steel bins may not be costeffective in the long term. Herevandals removed the top and will laterdestroy itCiggarette binsChaining a bin to the lamppost is nota good alternative to fixing it to asubstantial base.Plastic bins, although a cheaper alternativeto cast iron, are not fire resistant. All thatremains here is the steel liner.Dog waste bins
17Parking Lots shall be located to the rear Principles used in parking lot designParking Lots shall be located to the rearand side of buildingsParking lots shall have perimeter visual screeningParking Lots shall be intensively plantedand landscapedParking Lots shall be located to the rearParking Lots shall be located to the rearParking Lots shall be located to the rearParking Lots shall be located to the rearParking Lots shall be located to the rearand side of buildingsand side of buildingsand side of buildingsand side of buildingsand side of buildings
18Some principles of street furniture design All areas must be designed so as to give them a clear spatialdefinition for all users using materials and layouts in ways which aidwayfinding and create a sense of clarity and confidence.Wherever street furniture is used, free and unobstructed access alongnatural desire lines must always be provided. It must be grouped inclearly understood spatial patterns that reflect the needs of sensoryand cognitively impaired users.
19Design criteria• A clear change in level must always be provided between pedestrianand vehicular areas, following the “step down to danger” principle.A contrasting colour should be used on either the carriageway orfootway surface to distinguish between the two. Alternatively, acontrasting coloured kerb may be considered.• Tactile paving must always be used at any vehicular crossing point.
20Paving materials• All paving on pedestrian routes must be smooth and avoid the use ofsetts or heavily riven materials.• Joints on any paving units must be close bonded with a maximum gapof 5mm.• Individual units must avoid the use of chamfered or tumbled edges.
21Street furniture• The design of any equipment must be sympathetic to disabledpedestrians who may frequently find the need to physically exploreobjects to identify them or who may inadvertently come into contact withthem• Use should be made of poles etc. as a location for more than one itemof equipment, for example, litter bins and signs.
22• Any bollard should have: 1 a smooth shape, with no angular edges2 a contrasting, coloured band at least 150mm wide at the top3 its overall colour must contrast with the surrounding footway4 it must not be linked to others by chains, rope etc.• Seats should be provided with armrests, backs and spaces alongsidethem to allow a wheelchair user to sit alongside an ambulantcompanion.
23clearly defined areas and away from natural desire lines. Any tables, chairs or other displays associated with cafés users, includingmenus and freestanding advertising boards, must be located wholly withinclearly defined areas and away from natural desire lines.
24Climate specific furniture GRIT BINS:In cold countries Grit bins are essentially usedholds a mixture of salt and grit which is spread over roads if they have snow or ice on them.A grit bin improves winter road safety on roads which are not gritted by other means, such as from a winter service vehicle.
25How it works?The bins are used to spread a thin layer of grit onto the road surface, covering any snow or ice.The salt component of the grit lowers the melting point of the snow causing it to melt (see sodium chloride).The grit component improves the friction between a vehicle's tires and the road.
26Bathing Fountains:In hot areas splashing fountains are generally used:a fountain intended for people to cool off in.
27These fountains are designed to allow easy access, and feature nonslip surfaces, so that people can safely use them to cool off in on hot summer days.Splash fountains have zero standing water, to eliminate possible drowning hazards, so that no lifeguards or supervision is required.These splash pads are often located in public pools, public parks, or public playgrounds (known as "spraygrounds")
28CASE STUDY1.Xaverhill town-2004 audit which identified poor street furniture as an aspect ofthe town centre that detracted from its overall appearance and image.CLUTTER“Unnecessary signage, bollards, railings,yellow lines and even traffic lights clutter thestreets and ruin the visual impact of oursurroundingsIn 2004 English Heritage invited the public toundertake their own audit of street clutter as afirst step to campaigning for the removal ofunwanted items of street furniture.
29an awkwardly placed seat is not an attractive place to rest CO-ORDINATIONLack of co-ordination between items of streetfurniture can add to a sense of clutter. Thesame quantity of street furniture can beaccommodated without appearing cluttered if itis co-ordinated. Co-ordination implies overallcoherence. Items of street furniture in closeproximity to each other should appear to be ‘ofa family’ in design terms but care must also betake in the siting and arrangement of eachelement.an awkwardly placed seat is not anattractive place to rest
31bespoke seating in Bury St Edmunds If street furniture is to enhance the appearanceof the town centre then it is likely that highquality materials will be required.The quality of the fabric of the town centre is a highly visibleexpression of how a community values thepublic realm, and in turn, itself as a community.Poor quality materials can detract from theamenity of an area and therefore can besomewhat pointless.bespoke seating in BurySt Edmunds
32A prototype bespoke bollard has been designed and fabricatedand installed outside HaverhillArts Centreco-ordinated design can link diverse elements…bollards to railings to signs
332. Shimla- the mall roadThe character of street furniture of a hilly tourist area is different from that ofPrototype city area .The undulating terrain ,and the gorgeous view of the hill station , Shimla was annexed by the British in 1819 and hence it purely reflectsBritish style in the buildings streetscapes etc .Railings,lamp posts ,and fencings are intricately ornate
34The effect of snow cover on the fence and benchOrnamental fenceUse by a woollen seller
35BENCHES Beautiful benches provided at small intervals on the road in order to hold the large number of tourists
36Emphasis has been laid on the provision of maximum sitting area keeping in mind the flood of tourists,and also the slopes on the mall road due to whichpeople get tired and need to sit while strolling down the street
37These steps help in connecting different bifurcations of the street at different levels