14Small Plant CultureAfter liners are removed from propagation they may be transplanted to small plant culture for one to several years.Objectives:ProtectionProvide optimal conditions for rapid, vigorous growthCan occur in the field or in containers.Many nurseries skip small plant culture.
15Field Spacing for Rows or Beds 6 – 12 inches between rows.4 – 10 inches between plants in a row.
16Small Plant Culture in Containers 4 inch container#1 container
17Bottom Line Small Plant Culture Small liners go in Bigger liners come out
18TransplantingThe process of moving a plant from one production area to another production area.Transplanted from propagation to small plant culture.Transplanted from small plant culture to the production field.At some point in the production process plants are transplanted to their “final spacing” and will stay at that spacing until harvested.Tops and roots pruned.
19Liner DesignationsThe American Standard for Nursery Stock provides guidelines for liner designations.Provide for a common understanding of the liner products available to the industry.
20Liner Types Based on Propagation Method C = cuttingU = un-rooted cuttingG = graftedL = layeredS = seedlingM = micro-propagated or tissue cultureD = division
25Liner Designations, An Example C1Describes the liner type and time spent in propagationB2Describes the post-propagation culture and time spent in culture
26Transplanted/ 2 years in a bed DesignationAgePropagation HistoryCultural HistoryC1B23Cutting for 1 yearTransplanted/ 2 years in a bedC1T2Transplanted/2 years in a rowS2T1T14Seedling for 2 years1 yr. in a row1 additional yr. in a rowM1T12Micro-propagation for 1 year1 year in a row