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Diffusion and Osmosis SQA questions.

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Presentation on theme: "Diffusion and Osmosis SQA questions."— Presentation transcript:

1 Diffusion and Osmosis SQA questions

2 W hat you should know - diffusion
G In diffusion, a substance will move ( d_____) from an area of h_____ concentration to an area of l__ concentration Dissolved f___, o_____, c_____ d_____ and w_____ enter and l_____ the cell by diffusion Diffusion allows the e_________ of m________ e.g. o_______ and g________ move into cells and carbon dioxide moves o___ iffuse igh ow ood xygen arbon ioxide ater eave xchange C aterials xygen lucose ut

3 Glucose and oxygen _______ by diffusion enter diffusion ___________
leaves the cell by _________ carbon dioxide enter diffusion

4 The cell membrane c______ diffusion – the passage of substances i____ and o__ of the c___
The cell membrane is s_________ permeable – s______ molecules can pass through the p_____ in the membrane ontrols nto ut ell electively mall ores membrane = glucose = starch = water

5 What you should know - osmosis
Osmosis is a s______ case of d_______ In osmosis w____ molecules move from a h___ w____ concentration to a l__ w____ concentration across a s__________ permeable membrane e.g. the cell m_________ or v______ t_______ pecial iffusion ater igh ater ow ater electively embrane isking ubing

6 Water moves ____ of cell from ___ to ____ because X has ___ % water
Examples of osmosis If a cell(X) with 5% glucose solution is surrounded by a 10% glucose solution(Y), in which direction will osmosis occur ? 1 X Water moves ____ of cell from ___ to ____ because X has ___ % water (HWC) and Y has ___ % water (_____) out Y = 10%glucose Y 95 X = 5% 90 LWC

7 In plant cells X and Y there is an ______concentration
2 If cell(A) with 2% salt solution is next to a cell(B) with 1% salt , in which direction will osmosis occur ? Water diffuses from cell B _____to cell A ____ by__________. Cell B has____% water Cell A has _____% water. HWC LWC osmosis A = 2% salt B = 1% salt 99 98 3 equal In plant cells X and Y there is an ______concentration water (___%) and therefore there is no net or ________ movement of water i.e. water ___ = water ___ 95 X = 5% SALT overall Y = 5% SALT in out

8 Osmosis in plant cells C Water e_____ the cell by o______. Vacuole swells up and cell becomes t______. The c___ w____ prevents b________ enters smosis urgid high water concentration cell all ursting same water concentration No change Water ___ = Water in out low water concentration W_____ leaves the cell by osmosis. Vacuole s______ and the m_________ is pulled a___ from the cell wall. Cell is p__________. ater hrinks embrane way lasmolysed

9 Osmosis in animal cells e.g. Red Blood Cells
Animal cell behave differently due to the absence of a _______ C cell wall Animal cells gain water by ________ ________and ________ osmosis swell up burst high water concentration ___________ water ___ = water ___ no change same water concentration in out low water concentration b Cells _____ water by _______ and ______ lose shrink osmosis

10 high concentration low concentration

11 Dissolved food oxygen carbon dioxide

12 Cell membrane osmosis

13 atmosphere Muscle cells diffusion osmosis


15 0.9 Water has moved out of cell to a lower water concentration /
No gain or loss of water at this concentration / No osmosis at this concentration / No change to cells at this concentration / They look like the untreated cells Cells have shrunk or crinkled up or shrivelled up Water has moved out of cell to a lower water concentration / Water has moved out of cell down a concentration gradient

16 osmosis oxygen / glucose / amino acid
water moved out of cell from a high to low water concentration / water moved to a lower water concentration outside the cell / water moved from a higher water concentration inside the cell oxygen / glucose / amino acid


18 Shrink and wrinkle Swell up and burst lost higher


20 Which is a turgid cell?


22 allows exchange of materials /allows water to diffuse into root/ allows glucose to diffuse into cell /



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