2Why ?Before the printing press, burning books was an effective form of censorship.Each book was handmade, so there were only a few books. You could control ideas and information by burning books.Recently governments have used book burnings to intimidate people and show their power.
3May 10, 1933 in GermanyUniversity students burned more than 25,000 volumes of “un-German” books.Nazi leaders gave speeches, bands played, and people cheered as books were tossed into the fire.
5What was “un-German”? Anything about another type of government. Anything written by an author from another country.Any German writing that was against Nazi leadership.Any books by Jewish authors.
6Heinrich Heine A German Jewish poet He wrote a play called Almansor. The play has a famous line, “Dort, wo man Bücher verbrennt, verbrennt man am Ende auch Menschen.“In English - "Where they burn books, they will also ultimately burn people."
7May 10, 1933 in the U.S.In New York, 100,000 people marched for six hours to protest the Nazi’s book burning.
8Comic Book Burning 194815 years later, hundreds of comic books were burned in West Virginia and New York.The news reported the comic book burnings and many other cities burned their children’s comic books.
92010In August 2010, a Florida church announced it would burn copies of the Qur’an on September 11.They changed their minds.
102011 Another church in decided to burn the Qur’an. They did on March 20, 2011.
12Banned BooksBanned books are books that people don’t want other people to read.Sometimes they want the books to be burned.Sometimes they want them to be taken out of school libraries.Sometimes they want teachers to stop reading the books in school.
13Banned BooksPeople who want to ban books think they are keeping America safe for children.They think that these books can make kids become bad if kids read them.Other people think Americans have the right to free speech and that people shouldn’t control what other people read or say.They think people should only be able to tell their own children what they can or cannot read, not everyone else’s kids.
14Banned Book WeekBanned Book Week is celebrated every year by people who want to stop people from banning books.They encourage everyone to talk about this topic and to read books that they feel comfortable with reading.This year’s celebration is Sept. 30 – Oct. 6.It is the 30th anniversary of Banned Book Week.