2 Learning Targets Content Objectives: RL 8.4 Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including analogies or allusions to other texts.W 8.3d Use precise words and phrases, relevant descriptive details, and sensory language to capture the action and convey experiences and events.Language objective:SWBAT analyze the imagery in a novel excerpt and revise writing by substituting a different point of view and adding imagery for effect.
3 DiscussionIf a teacher gave you the choice between reading a narrative or viewing a narrative, which would you choose? Why?What is the difference between the two experiences?What kinds of details do authors typically provide at the beginning of a story? Why?When you read, you have to make meaning of and picture every detail; when you view, you don’t have to work as hard since the picture is created for you.Details about setting and characters are provided to introduce the story and set the context.
4 Context (1.3)the circumstances that form the setting for an event, statement, or idea, and in terms of which it can be fully understood and assessed.anything that helps you understand the meaning of a literary work other than the actual words of the work itself.In past studies, you have used context in the form of context clues to help you make meaning of unknown words. With this unit, you will add to your knowledge of context by looking at it in a broader form, which is the context of a story or situation. As you read the excerpt, analyze how the author uses imagery to set the context for the story and grab the reader’s attention.
5 Imagery (1.3)An author's use of vivid and descriptive language to add depth to his or her work. It appeals to human senses to deepen the reader's understanding of the workThe gushing brook stole its way down the lush green mountains, dotted with tiny flowers in a riot of colors and trees coming alive with gaily chirping birds.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DCQMMFUDHRc
6 point of view (1.3)Literature provides a lens through which readers look at the world. Point of view is the way the author allows you to "see" and "hear" what's going on. It is the perspective from which the story is told. The narrator’s position.First-person point of view is in use when a character narrates the story with I-me-my-mine in his or her speech. The advantage of this point of view is that you get to hear the thoughts of the narrator and see the world depicted in the story through his or her eyes.Third-person point of view is that of an outsider looking at the action.The writer may choose third-person omniscient, in which the thoughts of every character are open to the reader,or third-person limited, in which the reader enters only one character's mind, either throughout the entire work or in a specific section. Third-person limited differs from first-person because the author's voice, not the character's voice, is what you hear in the descriptive passages.
7 conflict (1.3)The problem or struggle in a story that triggers the actionInternalExternalWithin the characterInvolves the character and any other person, thing or unknown force-man vs. man-man vs. nature-man vs. society-man vs. god (fate)https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rM5cp_YL77k
8 A Wrinkle in Time (1963) by Madeleine L’Engle A Wrinkle in Time is the story of Meg Murry, a high-school-aged girl who is transported on an adventure through time and space with her younger brother Charles Wallace and her friend Calvin O'Keefe to rescue her father, a gifted scientist, from the evil forces that hold him prisoner on another planet.
9 Shared Reading Strategy-chunk the text First Reading: teacherMark words and phrases that you can easily picture in your mind.Ideas: Houses all exactly the same size and color, with the same patch of lawn and flowers creates in impression of social conformity, sameness. They are ordinary images, but the level of uniformity makes the scene strange.
10 Discussion GroupsMark the text as you read as a group, keeping these questions in mind.How does the author use details and imagery to create context?The author establishes a setting and point of view in the opening of the narrative. Summarize the setting and point of view.The imagery helps to introduce the story’s conflict. What does the author want us to know? Make a prediction about the story based on this information.Why is the passage an effective opening to a scene?
11 Writing Prompt-Assessment Think about the opening of Madeleine L’Engle’s novel A Wrinkle in Time. What would be the effect if it were written from a different point of view? Revise a selected section of the excerpt. Be sure to:Substitute third-person point of view with first-person point of view.Add imagery to strengthen the description of the setting.Add details to communicate the character’s perspective.Support writing: model first, then work as a class, followed by independent writingModel: Change from 3rd person limited to first person. (I, me, my, mine, my thoughts and feelings) add imagery.Below them the town was laid out in harsh angular patterns.From my position at the top of the hill, I could see the town laid out in harsh angular patterns, which felt cold and unwelcoming.
12 Grammar MinuteIn English, courtesy titles are often used as part of someone’s name.Dr. (Doctor)Mr. (Mister)Mrs. (Mistress)Ms. (Mistress)What do you notice in Madeleine L’Engle’s writing?Why do you think the author chose to do this?Mrs Whatsit, Mrs Who, and Mrs Which. L’Engle specifically wanted no periods after these names because they were otherworldly beings, and she wanted to distinguish them as such. Other characters in the story do include periods in the courtesy titles.
13 Revisit learning targets Content Objectives:RL 8.4 Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including analogies or allusions to other texts.W 8.3d Use precise words and phrases, relevant descriptive details, and sensory language to capture the action and convey experiences and events.Language objective:SWBAT analyze the imagery in a novel excerpt and revise writing by substituting a different point of view and adding imagery for effect.