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Rich County 4-H Show Lamb Selection Darrell Rothlisberger Rich County Extension Agent.

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Presentation on theme: "Rich County 4-H Show Lamb Selection Darrell Rothlisberger Rich County Extension Agent."— Presentation transcript:


2 Rich County 4-H Show Lamb Selection

3 Darrell Rothlisberger Rich County Extension Agent

4 Parts of the Sheep back loin hindsaddle leg hock flank shoulder forearm neck brisket pastern

5 Selection Criteria  Muscle  Frame  Structural Correctness  Style and Balance


7 Indicators of Muscle  Top  Leg  Front view  Rear view  Bone

8 From the top  Wide across top  Long loin  Thick meaty loin  Butterfly feel along spine

9 Feeling the top  Put fingers together and feel across spine  Check the width of loin  Check the length of loin

10 Front  Wide based  Clean brisket  Large bone  Bulging forearm  Slight prominent shoulder –Don’t get too big a shoulder as this will make the lamb look rough

11 From the rear  The widest portion should be the center or stifle  Wide based  Inside leg muscle  Wedge made stifle wide base

12 From the side  Level top  The hindsaddle should be longer that the front part of the back  Long loin You want a long topped lamb but it must be strong topped as well

13 Bone  A large bone is an indicator of muscle.


15 Frame  Long bodied  Tall


17 Structure  Neck extend out of top of shoulders  Top line should be long, level and straight  Pasterns should be strong

18 Structure  Walk with feet wide apart  Walk with long smooth strides  Stay away from weak topped, open shouldered, lambs with steep rumps


20 Style and Balance  Trim extended neck  Trim clean chest  Long top line  Level hindsaddle  Trim middle  Tight wrinkle free hide

21 Look for potential  Select a Lamb that has.. –Large frame –Long body –Long neck –Clean chest floor –Muscle indicators –Long, thick loin –Long, level hindsaddle

22 FEEDING AND NUTRITION Know your lamb and it’s genetics to best utilize your feeding program

23 Feed trough options  There are several ways to feed lambs that can aide in the development of leg and loin muscle Note: Never feed on the ground, place feeders at least shoulder height

24 Feeding  Always feed clean feed  Feed in a clean trough  Feed at the same time each day…

25 Nutrition  Five Basic parts –Water –Protein –Carbohydrates and Fats (energy) –Minerals –Vitamins


27 Protein  When in the growing stages - protein levels need to be higher  When in the finishing stages - protein needs to be lower  Provide material to build tissue –Wool, hooves, skin, muscle, internal organs

28 Protein  Feed your lamb the Protein level that is recommended for the growth stage they are in.  These levels are only suggestions and may need adjusting depending on your lambs needs and requirements GrowingFinishing 16 to 20 %14 to 16 %

29 Carbohydrates and Fats (Energy)  Important for body maintenance, growth, movement and heat production  Efficient use of Energy depends on levels of protein  High Energy requirements need high Protein levels. (growing lambs)  Note… –Most commercially prepared show lamb feeds will be balanced with regards to protein and energy levels

30 Vitamins and Minerals  Lambs require little amounts of vitamins, but are still important  Vitamins A and B complex are important for good health  Salt, Calcium and Phosphorus are important  Have free choice salt and mineral available at all times


32 Pen Preparation  Be sure there are no sharp objects that can injure your lamb  Keep pen clean and free of trash  Provide good shade and protection from the weather  Provide adequate exercise space

33 Pen - shade  Trees can provide very good shade  Man made shades can be very beneficial  Air circulation is very important

34 Starting on feed  Allow lambs to get used to their new surroundings  Feed some good quality grass, or alfalfa hay at first  Don’t start on grain right away if they haven’t been on creep feed or grain before

35 Feed  Start very slowly  This allows the digestive system to get used to the concentrated feed  ¼ to ½ pound per day at the beginning  Build up to 3% of the lambs body weight  Allow 15 minutes for lambs to finish their grain

36 Success in Feeding  Hand feeding is the best  Look over your lamb twice a day  Note how they are eating  Monitor weight gains  Monitor fat  Exercise


38 Exercise  Will not necessarily develop muscle –Muscle is genetic  It will maintain and promote condition of muscle  Stimulate appetite  Help with even finish or fat cover

39 Jumps  Jumps can aide in developing firm legs and loin  Jumps can be: –Hurdles –Barrels –Railroad ties –Pipes or boards

40 When to exercise  Only when it is cool –Early morning or late evening  Start slowly and build to a full exercise program  Large pen space may let lambs get by with less exercise  Walking a lamb doesn’t give them proper exercise but is better than nothing.

41 Running  Running without hurdles can help firm and harden finish during the last 4 to 6 weeks.  Getting lambs too hot can be bad for finish


43 Basic Health  Considerations  Enterotoxemia (overeating disease)  Internal Parasites (worms)  Soremouth  Tetnus  Ringworm  Prolapse  Polyarthritis (stiff lamb disease)

44 Equipment  Rake  Shovel  Trimming stand  Clippers  Wool card  Rope halter  Hand Shears  Portable feed and water troughs  Lamb blankets or socks

45 Papers and Regulations  Be sure to get a proper bill of sale from the seller  Brand inspection papers are not required on Lambs  If purchasing from out of state be sure to follow the requirements mandated by law by the Utah Department of Agriculture. For more information call the state vet at 801. 538.7100 See Darrell for details


47 Finding them  There are various places to purchase show lambs.  Ask Darrell and he can let you know of breeders both locally and out of state, as well as lamb sales in the area or region.

48 Lamb information resources  Internet – –Search Engine keywords like: show lamb, club lamb, junior market lamb  Magazines –Purple Circle –The National Livestock Exhibitor –Pacific Showcase

49 Rich County Junior Livestock Schools and Skillathon  June 14-17, 2005  Rich County Fairgrounds  Demonstrations  Lectures by experts  Hands on instruction  Showmanship  Fitting  Feeding

50 Rebel Jackpot  June 18, 2005  Rich County Fairgrounds  Swine 8:00 AM  Steers 10:00 AM  Lambs 2:00 PM  Pigs and Lambs $10  Steers $25

51 THANK YOU FOR COMING Good Luck and have a great year ! ! You’re the Best

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