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THEATRICAL MAKEUP A Technical Element of Theatre.

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Presentation on theme: "THEATRICAL MAKEUP A Technical Element of Theatre."— Presentation transcript:

1 THEATRICAL MAKEUP A Technical Element of Theatre

2  Actors are judged not only by their acting but by their appearance  Actors who appear on stage must learn makeup techniques Make up artists are routinely used on movie, television, etc. sets Make up artists are rarely used in live stage performances  Stage actors must do their own makeup

3 CHARACTER ANALYSIS To create a unique characterization you need to analyze the character - what are the factors that make a character different from the others? FIRST THING IS TO READ THE SCRIPT!!!

4 CHARACTER ANALYSIS  HEARTH is a mnemonic to remember the six elements of character analysis H- Heredity E- Environment A- Age R- Race T- Temperament H- Health

5 CHARACTER ANALYSIS  HEREDITY Family Traits  Inherited characteristics from parents and grandparents Red Hair (Life with Father)

6 CHARACTER ANALYSIS  ENVIRONMENT Determines a person’s appearance  Work indoors / outdoors  Works day / night  Rich / poor Time Element /historical period  Deep tan (few years ago)  Peaches n cream (hundred years ago)  Pasty White (Restoration period)

7 CHARACTER ANALYSIS  AGE Chronological age is only one aspect Also influenced by:  Heredity Prematurely gray hair Pattern baldness

8 AGE - CONTINUED Environment  Sun or wind caused wrinkles Health  Chronic illness ages a person Temperament  Frown caused wrinkles  Smile caused wrinkles

9 CHARACTER ANALYSIS  RACE Less common today for actors to portray other races  Some plays it is important to understand appearance related characteristics of major racial groups The King and I

10 CHARACTER ANALYSIS  TEMPERAMENT Personality  Person who smiles a lot has “crows feet” (lines at corner of eyes)  Person who frowns has “frown lines” (vertical wrinkles between eyebrows)

11 CHARACTER ANALYSIS  HEALTH Acute illness  Must know physical / visible characteristics Measles, cold, seasickness Chronic illness  Long duration or frequent occurrence Arthritis, asthma, multiple sclerosis

12 CHARACTER RESEARCH  Three basic sources of information : What the playwright says about character:  Time and place of play  If says “the present” must find out when play was written

13 Sources of Information cont. Stage directions / descriptions What a character says about themselves or what other characters say about them  Must read carefully because characters can lie About themselves or others  Talk, dark, handsome  Must take everything into account including motives of characters

14 Facial Anatomy  Must know the underlying bone structure of the human face to create good theatrical makeup

15 Facial Anatomy

16  Facial features are effected by the aging process  Muscles in the face used the most retain strength and flexibility  Underused muscles stretch and sag due to gravity

17 Facial Anatomy  How the aging process affects specific areas of the face Becomes more pronounced or prominent with age  Frontal eminence  Superciliary arch  Temporal fossae  Zygomatic arch  Naso-labial folds

18 Facial Anatomy with age  Individual features also become more prominent Cleft chin Sunken eyes Nose (as the skin sags around it)

19 Facial Anatomy – with age  Lips become thinner and loose natural color  Sagging muscles create jowls  Eyelids sag and droop  Complexions also change Age spots Red nose and cheeks on heavy drinkers (caused by broken capillaries at surface of skin)

20 Physiognomy  Judging a person’s character by looking at facial features We associate certain character traits / emotions with certain features

21 Physiognomy  Facial features convey information about a character Used by cartoonist to immediately show emotion and character Individual features are influenced by other features so whole face must be considered

22 Physiognomy  Forehead High forehead / receding hairline  Shows high intelligence (men & women) Frown lines  Bad tempered person  Deep concentration

23 Physiognomy  Eyes (the windows to the soul) Prominent eyes = dreamer Deep set eyes = analytical Small, close set eyes = dishonesty Large, well spaced eyes = trustworthy Crows feet = happy

24 Physiognomy  Eyebrows Full eyebrows = forceful person Bushy eyebrows/ hair growing in all directions = disorganized Close to the eyes and growing close together = cunning & mean High arched brows = gullible & little intelligence

25 Physiognomy  Nose Larger = strength/ leadership Long & narrow = refined taste Bulbous (large rounded tip) = dissipation (especially if red) Pointed = nosy Bent = rough / physical type Longer = older in age

26 Physiognomy  Mouth and lips Wide = generous Small = tightfisted or closed-mouth Full = sensuous Thin = strict

27 Physiognomy  Chin Strong chin = strong / aggressive Weak & receding = weak willed / passive

28 Physiognomy  Cheeks Rounded & red = jolly Thin or sunken = businesslike Jugal fold (Pronounced wrinkle halfway between the mouth and ear) = cruel


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