Presentation on theme: "Feudalism and Manor Life Subtitle 17-3. Objectives What was a knight? Why did vassals serve lords? In what ways did knights and lords each benefit from."— Presentation transcript:
Objectives What was a knight? Why did vassals serve lords? In what ways did knights and lords each benefit from feudalism? How did William the Conqueror help spread feudalism? From what country did he come? What country did he take over? What was a typical manor like? How did most serfs live under the manor system? What led to the growth of Europe’s population in the Middle ages? Why did many peasants leave their farms and move to cities? What was chivalry?
Terms and People William the Conqueror invaded England in 1066. Vassals were people that swore an oath in return for land – everyone under the king was a vassal. Knights were warriors that fought on horseback. Serfs were the poor farmers on the bottom. Feudalism was where people above promised land to people below, and people below promised to fight for those above. I swear allegiance to the royal family of Williams. A fief was
Terms and People A Manor was a self-reliant medieval community. Eleanor of Aquitaine ruled southwest France as a vassal of the king.
I’m the king. I own everything. If you promise to be loyal, I'll give you some land. I promise! I’m a lord. If you promise to fight for me, I'll give your some land! I promise! We’re the serfs. We don’t get any land. We just work. The Feudal System
In 1066, William the Conqueror invaded England from France. He introduced the idea of feudalism to England. In feudalism, all land belonged to the king. The king allowed those loyal to him to use some of the land. These loyal people were called vassals.
Eleanor of Aquitaine was one of the wealthiest and most powerful women in western Europe during the High Middle Ages. While she was still a child, she became Duchess of Aquitaine in her own right. Later, she married King Louis VII of France and became queen. Later, she married Henry, son of William the Conqueror. When William died, her husband became King Henry II of England.
She supported her son's revolt against her husband, and her husband had her imprisoned. She was not released until their son became Richard I, sixteen years later. When Richard I ran off on a crusade, his brother John became king – thus, Eleanor had two sons become king. These are the two kings popularized in the stories of Robin Hood. Eleanor of Aquitaine was also the 19x great-grandmother of George Washington