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NHCE-B2-Unit 2 Learning the Olympic Standard for Love.

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2 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 Learning the Olympic Standard for Love

3 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 MENU I. Objectives I. Objectives II. Preview II. Preview III. Leading-in III. Leading-in IV. Section A-Text IV. Section A-Text V. Answers to Exercises V. Answers to Exercises VI. Extensive Tasks VI. Extensive Tasks VII. Testing Yourself VII. Testing Yourself VIII. Homework VIII. Homework

4 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 I: Objectives MENU ObjectivesObjectives Students would:Students would: 1. be able to successfully finish listening, speaking, reading and writing tasks related to the theme of “Olympic spirit”, with the help of theme vocabulary.1. be able to successfully finish listening, speaking, reading and writing tasks related to the theme of “Olympic spirit”, with the help of theme vocabulary. 2. improve the accuracy of their spoken and written output, thanks to theme words and expressions.2. improve the accuracy of their spoken and written output, thanks to theme words and expressions. 3. improve the fluency of their spoken output during the completion of the chains of tasks.3. improve the fluency of their spoken output during the completion of the chains of tasks. 4. gain insights into the significance of commitment and sacrifice and learn more about Olympics in China.4. gain insights into the significance of commitment and sacrifice and learn more about Olympics in China.

5 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 II: Preview MENU Sports and Players Look at the following pictures and tell what the sport is and its most famous players. Men’s 110m hurdles; Liu Xiang

6 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 II: Preview MENU Basketball; NBA; Yao Ming

7 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 II: Preview MENU Men’s 100m Dash; Long Jump; Carl Lewis

8 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 II: Preview MENU Names and Logo of Sports

9 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 II: Preview MENU

10 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 II: Preview MENU

11 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 Learning the Olympic Standard for Love

12 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 III: Leading-in MENU 1.Enjoy the song “Reach” performed by Gloria Estefan during the 1996 Atlanta Olympics closing ceremony and then try to find out the message conveyed by its lyric.

13 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 III: Leading-in MENU Some dreams live on in time forever Those dreams, you want with all your heart And I'll do whatever it takes Follow through with the promise I made Put it all on the line What I hoped for at last would be mine Reach

14 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 III: Leading-in MENU If I could reach, higher Just for one moment touch the sky From that one moment in my life I'm gonna be stronger Know that I've tried my very best I'd put my spirit to the test If I could reach

15 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 III: Leading-in MENU Some days are meant to be remembered Those days we rise above the stars So I'll go the distance this time Seeing more the higher I climb That the more I believe All the more that this dream will be mine

16 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 III: Leading-in MENU If I could reach, higher Just for one moment touch the sky From that one moment in my life I'm gonna be stronger Know that I've tried my very best I'd put my spirit to the test If I could reach …

17 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 III: Leading-in MENU Yes, the theme of the song could be represented by the famous Olympic motto, “higher, swifter and stronger!”

18 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 III: Leading-in MENU 2. Whatis the Olympic spirit?2. What is the Olympic spirit? Tips

19 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 III: Leading-in MENU The most important thing in the Olympic Games is not to win but to participate. Taking drugs before the Games is considered cheating and against sportsmanship.

20 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 III: Leading-in MENU The Olympic oath encourages athletes, coaches, and officials to observe the rules and to follow the spirit of sportsmanship. Mutual understanding, friendship, unity and fair play. The Olympic Games help to promote a better and more peaceful world.

21 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 III: Leading-in MENU The most important thing in the Games is not the triumph but the struggle; not to have conquered but to have fought well. By undergoing the stress and strain of tough competition, the athletes grow in strength, endurance and discipline. The most important thing is to participate. The athletes must learn to respect and to cooperate with people from many nations during the Games.

22 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 III: Leading-in MENU 3. What are the influences of Olympics on us—college students?3. What are the influences of Olympics on us—college students? Tips

23 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 III: Leading-in MENU 1. Gain insight into the meaning of commitment and sacrifice 2. Teach us the importance of being honest 3. Help us to realize team spirit where cooperation and coordination are needed 4. Give us access to the diverse customs and conventions all over the world 5. Tells us the necessity of doing sports and exercises... Influences

24 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 Learning the Olympic Standard for Love

25 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 IV: Section A--Text How her coach set the Olympic standard for love in her hard training sessions, which shone with his consistent good humor, quiet gratitude, perceptivity and sincerity Despite the challenges at hand, one must have the courage, heart, and discipline to persist, and must be thankful for one’s living on earth. The author’s first impression about her coach and her realization that her training sessions would be hard and full of pain. 1. Structure of Text Para.1-4 Para Para

26 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 IV: Section A--Text Reference Words: Not…intimidating, nervous 2. Questions to Comprehension 1) What is the author's first impression and feelings about Nikolai? (Para.1-2)

27 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 IV: Section A--Text Reference Words: “… for 2002 in Salt Lake City, you could be ready.” 2) What is Nikolai's high expectation of me? (Para. 3)

28 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 IV: Section A--Text Reference Words: Hard; Pain; tears; improve 3) What would the training sessions be like according to the passage? (Para. 4-5)

29 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 IV: Section A--Text Reference Words: They go in the movies, dance, with girls; I practice, 26 years old, first ever kiss a girl… 4) Did Nikolai himself try very hard at skiing when he was young? (Para. 6-8)

30 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 IV: Section A--Text Reference Words: Keep rhythm with stride… 5) Why did a lady friend once ask if Nikolai was a dance instructor? (Paras. 14)

31 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 IV: Section A--Text Reference Words: 4th place national ranking; miss the cut… 6) Did the author finally participate in the Olympic Games? (Para. 19)

32 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 IV: Section A--Text Reference Words: Courage, heart, discipline, persist, thankful, love… 7) What did the writer learn from Nikolai? (Para )

33 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 IV: Section A--Text promising amusing anniversary gratitude fatigue indifferent pack into assert swear outburst persist 3. Key Words

34 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 IV: Section A--Text I. Word Using 1.promising adj. showing signs of being successful in the future 他是位很有前途的作家。 He is a promising writer.Key Translation

35 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 IV: Section A--Text amused; amusement 2. amusing adj. causing you laugh or smile He is a very amusing person and he makes me laugh a lot.e.g. Use It Do you have any amusing experience?同根词

36 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 IV: Section A--Text 3. anniversary n. a day that is exactly a year or a number of years after a special or important eventTranslation 今天是这所大学 100 周年校庆日。 Today marks the 100th anniversary of the foundation of this university.Key

37 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 IV: Section A--Text 4. gratitude n. the feelings of being grateful or thankful 借此机会,我想感谢当地政府,感谢你们 的精心安排。Translation I’d like to take this opportunity to express my gratitude to the local government for your nice arrangement.Key

38 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 IV: Section A--Text 5. fatigue v. make someone feel tired What often makes you feel fatigued? Use It too much homework; traveling; …Tips

39 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 IV: Section A--Text 6. indifferent adj. not interested in or caring about sb./sth. How can you remain indifferent when children are suffering?e.g. 近形词 different

40 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 IV: Section A--Text 7. pack into v. put in a very small placee.g. About 250 students were packed into the classroom and I found it hard to breathe. They packed a lot of things into their three days in Rome.

41 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 IV: Section A--Text 8. assert v. to say sth. clearly and firmly 他坚持说那个女孩偷了他的钱包。Translation He asserted that the girl had stolen his wallet.Key 近形词 insert

42 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 IV: Section A--Text 9. swear (swore, sworn) v. ① to use rude or bad language; curseTranslation 他不小心用铁锤打中了拇指, 就大声咒骂起来。 He hit his thumb with the hammer and swore loudly.Key

43 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 IV: Section A--Text 9. swear (swore, sworn) v. ② to make a serious promise When or where do people need to swear? Use It When people get married/join a party / … In court/At the Olympic Games …Tips

44 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 IV: Section A--Text 10. outburst n. a sudden expression of a strong feeling, especially anger 这句话引起了一阵笑声。Translation This remark brought an outburst of laughter.Key Interesting Formation of words burst outoutburstcome outoutcome break outoutbreak look outoutlook …

45 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 IV: Section A--Text 11. persist v. to continue doing sth. even though other people say that you are wrong or that you cannot do it 如果你上班老迟到,你会被开除的。Translation If you persist in being late for work, you will be fired.Key 近形词 insist

46 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 IV: Section A--Text shocked look on the face to sit next to sb. sense of humor to cut 1-1/2 minutes off on one occasion consistent good humor to reach for to feel quite fatigued to stride into the cold breeze to be rebellious on the matter 4. Useful Expressions (1) 1. 脸上惊愕的表情 2. 挨着某人坐下 3. 幽默感 4. 缩短 1.5 分钟 5. 有一次 6. 一贯的幽默 7. 追求 / 努力达到 8. 感到十分疲倦 9. 在寒风中滑行 10. 在此事上不服管

47 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 IV: Section A--Text to make quick work to swear at sb. not to take much notice of to be thankful for sth. to have the courage to persist after each pass to work without rest in a …tone a fourth-place national ranking to miss the cut for the Olympics 4. Useful Expressions (2) 11. 很快做完事儿 12. 辱骂某人 13. 对 ······ 不太在意 14. 对某事心存感激 15. 有勇气坚持下去 16. 每做完一个动作 17. 一刻不停地工作 18. 以 ······ 的口气 19. 全国第四 20. 错过奥运选拔

48 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 IV: Section A--Text 1) in sb’s presence 有某人在场 Association 有某人在场 : 掩盖 ······ 的存在 : 设法引起别人注意 : 做某事镇定自若 : in the presence of sb. conceal the presence of make one’s presence felt have presence of mind to do sth.

49 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 IV: Section A--Text 遇到危险时, 他能镇定自若地应对。 in the event of danger / cope with sth. In the event of danger, he could have presence of mind to cope with it. Translation 1) in sb’s presence 有某人在场

50 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 IV: Section A--Text 2) by no means 绝不、绝非 Association 用某种方式 : 千方百计地 : 用一切可能的办法 : 借助,依靠 : by some means or other by all means by any means by means of

51 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 IV: Section A--Text 2) by no means 绝不、绝非 无论发生什么,救灾部队会想尽一切办法赶到震中。 no matter what may happen / rescue troops / by any means / get to the epicenter No matter what may happen, the rescue troops will get to the epicenter by any means. Translation

52 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 IV: Section A--Text 3) to count on 依靠,指望,依赖 Association 共计 : 无关要紧 : 数不胜数 : 重视,考虑到 : to count up to to count little/nothing beyond/out of count to take count of

53 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 IV: Section A--Text 3) to count on 依靠,指望,依赖 尽管他的话对我的决定无关要紧,但我觉得有必要加以 考虑。 sb’s remarks / count little to sth. / regard it necessary to do sth. While his remarks count little to my decision, I still regard it necessary to take count of them. Translation

54 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 IV: Section A--Text 4) to set a standard for… 为 ······ 确立标准 Association 为 ······ 确定目标 : 为 ······ 树立榜样 : 为 ······ 定调子 : 为 ······ 拉开序幕 : set a goal for … set an example for … set the tone for … set scene for …

55 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 IV: Section A--Text 4) to set a standard for… 为 ······ 确立标准 地震毁灭了我们的家园,但也为弘扬民族精神拉开了序幕。 bring ruin onto one’s home / enhancement of sth. / the national spirit The earthquake brought ruin onto our homes, but also set scene for enhancement of our national spirit. Translation

56 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 IV: Section A--Text 5) to keep rhythm with 与 ······ 保持同步 Association 和 ······ 在一起 : 对 ······ 守信用 : 跟上 ······: 和 ······ 保持友好关系 : to keep company with to keep faith with to keep pace with to keep terms with

57 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 IV: Section A--Text 近朱者赤;近墨者黑 keep company with wolves / learn to howl / lie with dogs / rise with flees One who keeps company with wolves will learn to howl, whereas one who lies with dogs will rise with flea. 5) to keep rhythm with 与 ······ 保持同步 Translation

58 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 IV: Section A--Text 1. Romantic and otherwise, Nikolai knew love. otherwise 另外的 Practice 5. Key and Difficult Sentences

59 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 IV: Section A--TextTranslation 这件事上我没有意见,好或不好的都没有。 恐怕下周末没办法见你,我有别的事。 I have no opinion, good or otherwise, on this subject. I’m afraid I can’t see you next weekend because I’m otherwise engaged.

60 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 IV: Section A--Text 2. He never asked this of me again, nor did he take much notice of my outburst. With “nor” placed at the beginning of a sentence, its order should be inverted ( 倒装 ). More

61 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 IV: Section A--Text neither/little/only/hardly seldom not only not until under no circumstances no sooner... than... scarcely (hardly)... when... More expressions Practice

62 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 IV: Section A--TextTranslation 他没有做,也没有尝试一下。 我再也没有见到他, 也没有收到过他的信。 He does not do it, nor does he try. I never saw him again, nor did I hear from him.

63 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 IV: Section A--Text 3. When coaching, he would sing out his instructions keeping rhythm with our stride. A dear lady friend of my grandfather, after viewing a copy of a video of me training with Nikolai, asked… Conj. + V-ing/V-ed, S+V

64 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 IV: Section A--TextTranslation 虽然会英语,她不敢和那外国人说话。 如果被邀请,我会去参加这宴会的。 Though knowing English, she was afraid to speak to the foreigner. If invited, I will go to the party.

65 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 IV: Section A--Text 5. Missing the Olympic Team the previous year had made me pause and reflect on what I had gained  not the least of which was a quiet, indissoluble bond with a short man in a tropical shirt. not the least of which = the most important of which bond = relationship

66 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 IV: Section A--Text 6. He taught me to be thankful in advance for a century of life on earth, and to remind myself every day that despite the challenges at hand, … in advance: before a particular date or event a century of life on earth: the life I will live in this world

67 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 Learning the Olympic Standard for Love

68 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 V: Answers to Exercises MENU Nikolai was not that _________ as I expected. He set up an Olympic standard for ____: encouragement mingled with good _____, quiet _________,__________, and _________. In the hard training sessions, I could always count on being encouraged by his _______ stories and sense of humor. However, Nikolai never ______ me. When I was exhausted from the training, Nikolai was __________ to my pain and urged me to go on skiing. intimidating love humor gratitudeperceptivitysincerity amusing babied indifferent 1.Summary

69 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 V: Answers to Exercises MENU When I stopped training, I revisited Nikolai, realizing that from my _____, ____________ ____ with Nikolai, I had gained a lot and known the Olympic standard for love: to have the _______,_____, ________ to persist, and to have _______ in advance for a century of life on earth. quietindissoluble courage heart discipline gratitude bond

70 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 V: Answers to Exercises MENU 1) 尽管她是家里的独生女,她父母也从不溺爱她。 Despite / sole child / baby Despite the fact that she is the sole child in her family, she is never babied by her parents. Ex. VII, p. 9 《读写教程 I 》 : Ex. VII, p Translation

71 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 V: Answers to Exercises MENU 2) 麦克没来参加昨晚的聚会,也没给我打电话作 任何解释。 Nor / explain / explanation / account for Mike didn't come to the party last night, nor did he call me to give an explanation.

72 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 V: Answers to Exercises MENU 3) 坐在他旁边的那个人确实发表过一些小说,但 绝不是什么大作家。 Next to / did publish / by no means / great novelist The person sitting next to him did publish some novels, but he is by no means a great writer.

73 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 V: Answers to Exercises MENU 4) 他对足球不感兴趣,也从不关心谁输谁赢。 Not interested in / be indifferent to He is not interested in soccer and is indifferent to who wins or loses.

74 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 V: Answers to Exercises MENU 5) 经理需要一个可以信赖的助手,在他外出时, 由助手负责处理问题。 Manager / assistant / rely on / depend on / count on / reliable / deal with / handle / take care of / in his absence The manager needs an assistant that he can count on to take care of problems in his absence.

75 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 V: Answers to Exercises MENU 6) 这是他第一次当着那么多观众演讲。 Deliver a speech / in the presence of / audience This is the first time that he has made a speech in the presence of so large an audience.

76 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 Learning the Olympic Standard for Love

77 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 VI: Extensive Tasks MENU In-Class What are the names for these 5 adorable mascots? What animals do they each represent?

78 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 VI: Extensive Tasks MENU In-Class  Fuwa will serve as the Official Mascots of Beijing 2008 Olympic Games, carrying a message of friendship and peace -- and good wishes from China -- to children all over the world.  Beibei is the Fish, Jingjing is the Panda, Huanhuan is the Olympic Flame, Yingying is the Tibetan Antelope and Nini is the Swallow.  When you put their names together -- Bei Jing Huan Ying Ni -- they say "Welcome to Beijing," offering a warm invitation that reflects the mission of Fuwa as young ambassadors for the Olympic Games.  So, what are the special symbolizations for each mascot?

79 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 VI: Extensive Tasks MENU In-Class  In China's traditional culture and art, the fish and water designs are symbols of prosperity and harvest. And so Beibei carries the blessing of prosperity. A fish is also a symbol of surplus in Chinese culture, another measure of a good year and a good life.  The ornamental lines of the water- wave designs are taken from well-known Chinese paintings of the past. Among Fuwa, Beibei is known to be gentle and pure. Strong in water sports, she reflects the blue Olympic ring.

80 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 VI: Extensive Tasks MENU In-Class  Jingjing makes children smile -- and that's why he brings the blessing of happiness wherever he goes. You can see his joy in the charming naivety of his dancing pose and the lovely wave of his black and white fur. As a national treasure and a protected species, pandas are adored by people everywhere. The lotus designs in Jingjing's headdress, which are inspired by the porcelain paintings of the Song Dynasty (A.D ), symbolize the lush forest and the harmonious relationship between man and nature. Jingjing was chosen to represent our desire to protect nature's gifts -- and to preserve the beauty of nature for all generations. Jingjing is charmingly na?ve and optimistic. He is an athlete noted for strength who represents the black Olympic ring.

81 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 VI: Extensive Tasks MENU In-Class  In the intimate circle of Fuwa, Huanhuan is the big brother. He is a child of fire, symbolizing the Olympic Flame and the passion of sport -- and passion is the blessing he bestows. Huanhuan stands in the center of Fuwa as the core embodiment of the Olympic spirit. And while he inspires all with the passion to run faster, jump higher and be stronger, he is also open and inviting. Wherever the light of Huanhuan shines, the inviting warmth of Beijing and the wishful blessings of the Chinese people -- can be felt. The fiery designs of his head ornament are drawn from the famed Dunhuang murals -- with just a touch of China's traditional lucky designs. Huanhuan is outgoing and enthusiastic. He excels at all the ball games and represents the red Olympic ring.

82 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 VI: Extensive Tasks MENU In-Class  Like all antelopes, Yingying is fast and agile and can swiftly cover great stretches of land as he races across the earth. A symbol of the vastness of China's landscape, the antelope carries the blessing of health, the strength of body that comes from harmony with nature. Yingying's flying pose captures the essence of a species unique to the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, one of the first animals put under protection in China. The selection of the Tibetan Antelope reflects Beijing commitment to a Green Olympics. His head ornament incorporates several decorative styles from the Qinghai-Tibet and Sinkiang cultures and the ethnic design traditions of Western China. Strong in track and field events, Yingying is a quick-witted and agile boy who represents the yellow Olympic ring.

83 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 VI: Extensive Tasks MENU In-Class  Every spring and summer, the children of Beijing have flown beautiful kites on the currents of wind that blow through the capital. Among the kite designs, the golden- winged swallow is traditionally one of the most popular. Nini's figure is drawn from this grand tradition of flying designs. Her golden wings symbolize the infinite sky and spread good-luck as a blessing wherever she flies. Swallow is also pronounced "yan" in Chinese, and Yanjing is what Beijing was called as an ancient capital city. Among Fuwa, Nini is as innocent and joyful as a swallow. She is strong in gymnastics and represents the green Olympic ring.

84 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 Learning the Olympic Standard for Love

85 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 VI: Extensive Tasks MENU After-Class 1.Interview and Report Interview some students and find out: Your Favorite Sports Star or Your PE Teacher. You may record your interview by video shooting or recording machine. Make a presentation on the next class. Your report should be well-arranged with three parts included: opening, body and conclusion.

86 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 VI: Extensive Tasks MENU 2. Search online to find out the messages carried by the Emblem of the Beijing Olympics. Its name—Chinese Seal, Dancing Beijing Report on the Chinese elements involved in this special design. After-Class

87 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 Learning the Olympic Standard for Love

88 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 VII: Testing Yourself Task 1 业余选手总是发现他们对体育的激情要比职业运 动员的激情重要得多。特别是你在注意到人们冷 漠地转过身去时,训练就没有那么开心了,疲劳 成了一个问题。更让人难过的是,专业运动员有 比较好的教练,而你,虽然同样的有前途,只能 够依靠自己。每年大约有超过半数的业余选手要 么退出,要么转型成为专业选手。另一小部分人 则会在无法预见自己的前途前仍然坚持着。

89 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 VII: Testing Yourself For your reference Words and Expressions to Be Used promising indifferent amateur shift amusing passion fatigue persist approximately count on in advance

90 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 VII: Testing Yourself Task 1 Amateurs always find their passion to sport more important than those professionals. Especially when you notice those indifferent shoulders, your training would become less amusing; and fatigue, a problem. What’s worse, those professionals have better coaches and you, although equally promising, will have only yourself to count on. Every year, approximately more than half of amateurs would have to either quit or shift to a professional career. Another minor half would persist until they fail to see their promising career in advance.

91 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 VII: Testing Yourself Task 2 运动员参加比赛为了什么?争取荣誉?享受打败 对手的奇妙感觉?还是展现决心?一个国际运动 心理委员会的数据表明运动员的参与更多与他们 对个人刺激的反应有关。也就是说,当他们决定 参加比赛的时候,他们更多的是关注自己的内在 的感受,而不是外在的影响。

92 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 VII: Testing Yourself Words and Expressions to Be Used competition athlete glory determination pursue participation committee indicate opponent amazing set one’s mind on focus on For your reference

93 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 VII: Testing Yourself Check Yourself Task 2 What do athletes participate competition for? To pursue glory, to enjoy the amazing feeling of defeating their opponents or to demonstrate their determination? Statistics from an international sports psychology committee indicates that most sportsmen’s participation involves more about the athletes’ response to individual impulse. That is to say, when they set their mind on a competition, they focus more on their feeling inwards instead of the influence outside.

94 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 VII: Testing Yourself For Details Directions: You will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from S1 to S8 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered S9 to S11 you are required to fill in the missing information. For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Now listen to the passage. Task 3. Compound Dictation

95 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 VII: Testing Yourself The Olympic Games are the greatest [S01] ______ of sport in the world. Every four years, a hundred or more countries send their best [S02] _________ to compete for the highest [S03] ______ in sport. As many as 6,000 people take part in over 20 sports. For the winners, there are gold medals and [S04] _____. But there is honor, too, for all who [S05 ] ________, win or lose, that is, in the spirit of Olympics, to take part is what [S06] _______. festival sportsmen honors glory compete matters

96 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 VII: Testing Yourself The Olympic Games always start in a bright color and action. The teams of all the nations parade in the opening [S07] ________ and march round the track. The [S08] ______ is for the Greek team to march in first. For it was in Greece that the Olympics began. [S09] _______________________________________ _______________________________________ ___. ceremony custom The team of the country where the Games are being held—the host country—marches in last

97 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 VII: Testing Yourself The runner with the Olympic torch then enters the stadium and lights the flame. [S10] _______________________________________ _______________________________________. The judges and officials also take an oath. [S11]___________________________________ _______________________________________ ______. A sportsman from the host country takes the Olympic oath on behalf of all the competitors After the sportsmen march out of the stadium, the host country puts on a wonderful display

98 NHCE-B2-Unit 2 Learning the Olympic Standard for Love

99 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 VIII: Homework Many articles are composed of a general statement supported by specific details, but it has many variations according to what is said or argued in the context. A general statement + specific details; A general statement + reasons; A general statement + specific details plus reasons; A general statement + one specific + detailed example; A general statement + a list of items 1. Structure Analysis Writing Homework (structured writing)

100 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 VIII: Homework 2. Sample Paragraph I wouldn ’ t want to be a teenager again, first of all, because I wouldn ’ t want to worry about talking to girls. I still remember how scary it was to call up a girl and ask her out. My heart would race, my pulse would pound, and perspiration would trickle down my face. Then there were the questions: Would she be at home? If she was, would she want to talk to me?... The one time I did get up the nerve to take a girl in my hometown to a movie, I was tongue-tied!

101 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 VIII: Homework 3. Tips for writing Write a general statement.Write a general statement. Offer a series of details.Offer a series of details.

102 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 VIII: Homework 4. Your Task Write a paragraph with a general statement supported by details. Topic: My father (or mother) is my idol.

103 MENU NHCE-B2-Unit 2 VIII: Homework (For reference) To a little boy right after World War II, a father seemed a god with strange strengths and uncanny powers enabling him to do and know things that no mortal could do or know. Amazing things, like putting a bicycle chain back on, just like that. Or building a hamster cage. Or guiding a jigsaw so it formed the letter F; I learned the alphabet that way in those pre-television days, one letter or number every other evening plus a review of the collection.


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