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I._____________________________ - The time of reuniting the nation and attempting to solve the South’s postwar problems. It lasted from _________________.

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Presentation on theme: "I._____________________________ - The time of reuniting the nation and attempting to solve the South’s postwar problems. It lasted from _________________."— Presentation transcript:

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2 I._____________________________ - The time of reuniting the nation and attempting to solve the South’s postwar problems. It lasted from _________________. The situation in the South was entirely different from that of the North. Both had lost many young men, but the South had lost its ___________. Thus its labor force was entirely disrupted and no great wave of ____________________ came to add to the working population. The South had also suffered severe _______________ damage; its fields had been stripped bare, its ________________ confiscated or destroyed, its homes, businesses, and Chapters Notes Reconstruction slaves immigrants property livestock

3 ________________had been demolished. The South was _________________ and its accustomed means of making its living had been destroyed. New state governments had to be formed. A.________________ - the freed slaves. There were over ___ million blacks without jobs and no Southerners with money to pay them. B.Reconstruction Plans - _________________ plan of reconstruction was the easiest of all the future plans to bring the South back into the Union. Unfortunately, ________________________________ ruined that for the South and ____________________________’s railroads bankrupt Freedmen 4

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5 ________________had been demolished. The South was _________________ and its accustomed means of making its living had been destroyed. New state governments had to be formed. A.________________ - the freed slaves. There were over ___ million blacks without jobs and no Southerners with money to pay them. B.Reconstruction Plans - _________________ plan of reconstruction was the easiest of all the future plans to bring the South back into the Union. Unfortunately, ________________________________ ruined that for the South and ____________________________’s railroads bankrupt Freedmen 4 Lincoln’s

6 Lincoln’s Plan (10% Plan) This plan offered pardons to all former Confederates who would swear an oath to support the Constitution and the Union. When 10% of registered voters in 1860, took the oath, the state could form a new government and be restored to the Union. By the Spring of 1864, TN, AR, & LA had met these terms.

7 Wade-Davis Bill Congress thought Lincoln’s Plan was too easy and it was their job to reconstruct the nation anyway. The Wade-Davis Bill stated it must be 50% In addition, states had to abolish slavery, and refuse the former act of secession. The bill passed both houses, but Lincoln killed it by way of the pocket veto.

8 ________________had been demolished. The South was _________________ and its accustomed means of making its living had been destroyed. New state governments had to be formed. A.________________ - the freed slaves. There were over ___ million blacks without jobs and no Southerners with money to pay them. B.Reconstruction Plans - _________________ plan of reconstruction was the easiest of all the future plans to bring the South back into the Union. Unfortunately, ________________________________ ruined that for the South and ____________________________’s railroads bankrupt Freedmen 4 Lincoln’s John Wilkes Booth

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10 ________________had been demolished. The South was _________________ and its accustomed means of making its living had been destroyed. New state governments had to be formed. A.________________ - the freed slaves. There were over ___ million blacks without jobs and no Southerners with money to pay them. B.Reconstruction Plans - _________________ plan of reconstruction was the easiest of all the future plans to bring the South back into the Union. Unfortunately, ________________________________ ruined that for the South and ____________________________’s railroads bankrupt Freedmen 4 Lincoln’s John Wilkes Booth Andrew Johnson

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12 plan (_______________________Reconstruction) was harsher. __________________________________ in Congress, however, felt it was their constitutional duty to reconstruct the nation, so the country entered the ________________________________________________ (Radical Reconstruction) era ( ). Johnson fought them over this and they ___________________ him, missing removal from office by one vote. The _____________________________________________ put the country under martial law, dividing the South into five military districts. Opportunistic crooked Northerners (_______________________) flooded the South looking for financial gain. Southern politics were taken over and corruption reigned. Presidential

13 Presidential Reconstruction Amnesty was given to willing Southerners who took an oath of allegiance. People with taxable properties of $20,000 or more had to be personally pardoned by Johnson. The president would appoint provisional state governments who would hold state conventions to draft new state constitutions.

14 Presidential Reconstruction Each state then had to ratify the 13 th Amendment 50% of the state’s voters had to swear loyalty.

15 plan (_______________________Reconstruction) was harsher. __________________________________ in Congress, however, felt it was their constitutional duty to reconstruct the nation, so the country entered the ________________________________________________ (Radical Reconstruction) era ( ). Johnson fought them over this and they ___________________ him, missing removal from office by one vote. The _____________________________________________ put the country under martial law, dividing the South into five military districts. Opportunistic crooked Northerners (_______________________) flooded the South looking for financial gain. Southern politics were taken over and corruption reigned. Presidential Radical Republicans Congressional Reconstruction

16 Divided the South into 5 military districts, each ruled by a Union general. Martial law was declared Blacks were given the right to vote and hold office Voting rights were taken away from those who served in the Confederacy

17 Congressional Reconstruction State conventions were to be held with both white and black delegates. Passage of the 14 th Amendment was required When all of these demands were met, troops would be withdrawn

18 plan (_______________________Reconstruction) was harsher. __________________________________ in Congress, however, felt it was their constitutional duty to reconstruct the nation, so the country entered the ________________________________________________ (Radical Reconstruction) era ( ). Johnson fought them over this and they ___________________ him, missing removal from office by one vote. The _____________________________________________ put the country under martial law, dividing the South into five military districts. Opportunistic crooked Northerners (_______________________) flooded the South looking for financial gain. Southern politics were taken over and corruption reigned. Presidential Radical Republicans Congressional Reconstruction impeached Reconstruction Act of 1867 carpetbaggers

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21 II._____________________________ - 18th President ( ): Although a good general, Grant was not a very good president. Government ___________________ ran rampant throughout his two terms. Although they were not his doing (they existed on national, state, and local levels), Grant allowed the dishonest to _____________ rather than face prosecution. IIIExpansion - As always, greed led to more settlement of the west. A. _____________ - After the gold mines of California were depleted, men looked for new avenues of income. New strikes of gold and silver were found at _____________________________, Virginia City, NV (_____________________________), OR, WA,ID,ME, and SD Ulysses S. Grant

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23 II._____________________________ - 18th President ( ): Although a good general, Grant was not a very good president. Government ___________________ ran rampant throughout his two terms. Although they were not his doing (they existed on national, state, and local levels), Grant allowed the dishonest to _____________ rather than face prosecution. IIIExpansion - As always, greed led to more settlement of the west. A. _____________ - After the gold mines of California were depleted, men looked for new avenues of income. New strikes of gold and silver were found at _____________________________, Virginia City, NV (_____________________________), OR, WA,ID,ME, and SD Ulysses S. Grant scandals resign Mining Pikes Peak, CO Comstock Lode

24 (Homestake Mine - the world’s richest single gold mine). Mining camps and boom towns sprung up. These western territories, which before didn’t have much to offer, were now settled and on their way to ________________. B. The _______________ - Cattlemen did more to tame the frontier than mining, but the era of the cattle frontier was short ( ). Cattle drives helped feed the stock while getting them to market. New settlement into the open range, farmers ____________, and new railroad lines brought the era to a close. Overgrazing, drought, blizzards, floods, Indians, and thieves made a cowboy’s life very dangerous. statehood Cowboys

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26 (Homestake Mine - the world’s richest single gold mine). Mining camps and boom towns sprung up. These western territories, which before didn’t have much to offer, were now settled and on their way to ________________. B. The _______________ - Cattlemen did more to tame the frontier than mining, but the era of the cattle frontier was short ( ). Cattle drives helped feed the stock while getting them to market. New settlement into the open range, farmers ____________, and new railroad lines brought the era to a close. Overgrazing, drought, blizzards, floods, Indians, and thieves made a cowboy’s life very dangerous. statehood Cowboys fences

27 C. The ______________________________________ - By the 1880's, most of the desirable farmland in the West had been claimed. The greedy white man urged the government to move the ______________ off their reservations in the Oklahoma Territory. In 1885, the government bought some of the land and announced it would be open to _________ settlement at noon on April 22, These 20,000 ___________________ raced to claim their land (some _________ million acres). Those who “jumped the gun” illegally were called _______________. IV______________ - Indian attacks and uprisings were common in the late 1800's. Fed up with cowboys, miners, settlers and all their broken promises Oklahoma Land Rush Indians free Boomers 1.9 Sooners Indians

28 and treaties, fighting for their way of life was the only alternative. The ______________________ often protected settlers and traders on the frontier. In 1876, _______________________________________ and his men were wiped out at the ___________________________ by a group of ________________ led by ___________________________, ______________________, and ___________. Most of the tribes were then rounded up and forced to reservations. In 1890, army troops, who were sent to disarm a group of Sioux, massacred over 200 people at _____________________________________. The day of Indian insurrection was over and they were a conquered people. U.S. Cavalry Colonel George Custer

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30 and treaties, fighting for their way of life was the only alternative. The ______________________ often protected settlers and traders on the frontier. In 1876, _______________________________________ and his men were wiped out at the ___________________________ by a group of ________________ led by ___________________________, ______________________, and ___________. Most of the tribes were then rounded up and forced to reservations. In 1890, army troops, who were sent to disarm a group of Sioux, massacred over 200 people at _____________________________________. The day of Indian insurrection was over and they were a conquered people. U.S. Cavalry Colonel George Custer Little Big Horn Sioux Crazy Horse Sitting Bull

31 CRAZYHORSECRAZYHORSE

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35 and treaties, fighting for their way of life was the only alternative. The ______________________ often protected settlers and traders on the frontier. In 1876, _______________________________________ and his men were wiped out at the ___________________________ by a group of ________________ led by ___________________________, ______________________, and ___________. Most of the tribes were then rounded up and forced to reservations. In 1890, army troops, who were sent to disarm a group of Sioux, massacred over 200 people at _____________________________________. The day of Indian insurrection was over and they were a conquered people. U.S. Cavalry Colonel George Custer Little Big Horn Sioux Crazy Horse Sitting BullGall

36 and treaties, fighting for their way of life was the only alternative. The ______________________ often protected settlers and traders on the frontier. In 1876, _______________________________________ and his men were wiped out at the ___________________________ by a group of ________________ led by ___________________________, ______________________, and ___________. Most of the tribes were then rounded up and forced to reservations. In 1890, army troops, who were sent to disarm a group of Sioux, massacred over 200 people at _____________________________________. The day of Indian insurrection was over and they were a conquered people. U.S. Cavalry Colonel George Custer Little Big Horn Sioux Crazy Horse Sitting BullGall Wounded Knee, SD

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39 V.________________________ - Isolationism was the attitude of minding the your own business and staying out of world politics. During most of the 1800's, the U.S. followed this idea. During the late 1800's, however, the U.S. saw other countries building world empires. This ____________________ (the extension of one’s way of life over another people) brought Britain, France, Germany, and a few others greater wealth and power. Americans saw this and wanted a piece of the action, ending _____________________. A. _____________ - In 1867, Secretary of State ___________________________ negotiated a treaty with _______________ Imperialism imperialism isolationism n

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41 V.________________________ - Isolationism was the attitude of minding the your own business and staying out of world politics. During most of the 1800's, the U.S. followed this idea. During the late 1800's, however, the U.S. saw other countries building world empires. This ____________________ (the extension of one’s way of life over another people) brought Britain, France, Germany, and a few others greater wealth and power. Americans saw this and wanted a piece of the action, ending _____________________. A. _____________ - In 1867, Secretary of State ___________________________ negotiated a treaty with _______________ Imperialism imperialism isolationism Alaska n

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43 V.________________________ - Isolationism was the attitude of minding the your own business and staying out of world politics. During most of the 1800's, the U.S. followed this idea. During the late 1800's, however, the U.S. saw other countries building world empires. This ____________________ (the extension of one’s way of life over another people) brought Britain, France, Germany, and a few others greater wealth and power. Americans saw this and wanted a piece of the action, ending _____________________. A. _____________ - In 1867, Secretary of State ___________________________ negotiated a treaty with _______________ Imperialism imperialism isolationism Alaska William Seward n Russia

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45 to purchase Alaska for $____ million. When President Johnson took it to the Senate, it passed overwhelmingly, despite cries like “_________________________” and “Johnson’s Polar Bear Garden”. Little did they realize the great wealth that would come form this large area. Although the 1897 Gold Rush in the ______________ boosted the economy and settlement of that area, _______________ fishing produced far more wealth. Later, ______, silver, and copper added to the nation’s resources. Alaska became the ______th state in B. ________________ - American missionaries and businessmen went to the island in the early 1800's. Businessmen gained influence in their 7 Seward’s Folly Yukon salmon

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47 to purchase Alaska for $____ million. When President Johnson took it to the Senate, it passed overwhelmingly, despite cries like “_________________________” and “Johnson’s Polar Bear Garden”. Little did they realize the great wealth that would come form this large area. Although the 1897 Gold Rush in the ______________ boosted the economy and settlement of that area, _______________ fishing produced far more wealth. Later, ______, silver, and copper added to the nation’s resources. Alaska became the ______th state in B. ________________ - American missionaries and businessmen went to the island in the early 1800's. Businessmen gained influence in their 7 Seward’s Folly Yukon salmon oil 49

48 60 Miles Of Gravel Road

49 to purchase Alaska for $____ million. When President Johnson took it to the Senate, it passed overwhelmingly, despite cries like “_________________________” and “Johnson’s Polar Bear Garden”. Little did they realize the great wealth that would come form this large area. Although the 1897 Gold Rush in the ______________ boosted the economy and settlement of that area, _______________ fishing produced far more wealth. Later, ______, silver, and copper added to the nation’s resources. Alaska became the ______th state in B. ________________ - American missionaries and businessmen went to the island in the early 1800's. Businessmen gained influence in their 7 Seward’s Folly Yukon salmon oil 49 Hawaii

50 government by helping the economy with __________________ and __________________ plantations. In 1893, they forced ________________________________ out of power and declared Hawaii a __________________. They asked President Cleveland for annexation, but he refused based on her illegal removal. In 1898, President __________________ purchased the islands. Hawaii became the ______th state in C. The ______________ - __________________ War - The island of __________ had been owned by Spain for ____ Centuries and experienced very little peace. In 1895, revolution came again to Cuba. Many pineapple sugarcane

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53 government by helping the economy with __________________ and __________________ plantations. In 1893, they forced ________________________________ out of power and declared Hawaii a __________________. They asked President Cleveland for annexation, but he refused based on her illegal removal. In 1898, President __________________ purchased the islands. Hawaii became the ______th state in C. The ______________ - __________________ War - The island of __________ had been owned by Spain for ____ Centuries and experienced very little peace. In 1895, revolution came again to Cuba. Many pineapple sugarcane Queen Liliuakalani

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55 government by helping the economy with __________________ and __________________ plantations. In 1893, they forced ________________________________ out of power and declared Hawaii a __________________. They asked President Cleveland for annexation, but he refused based on her illegal removal. In 1898, President __________________ purchased the islands. Hawaii became the ______th state in C. The ______________ - __________________ War - The island of __________ had been owned by Spain for ____ Centuries and experienced very little peace. In 1895, revolution came again to Cuba. Many pineapple sugarcane Queen Liliuakalani republic McKinley

56 William McKinley

57 government by helping the economy with __________________ and __________________ plantations. In 1893, they forced ________________________________ out of power and declared Hawaii a __________________. They asked President Cleveland for annexation, but he refused based on her illegal removal. In 1898, President __________________ purchased the islands. Hawaii became the ______th state in C. The ______________ - __________________ War - The island of __________ had been owned by Spain for ____ Centuries and experienced very little peace. In 1895, revolution came again to Cuba. Many pineapple sugarcane Queen Liliuakalani republic McKinley 50 Spanish American Cuba4

58 manipulated stories were printed in the U.S. about the terrible conditions there. This “________________________” stirred great interest in the conflict and intentionally drove America to war. 1. The de Lome Letter - In February 1898, the Spanish minister to the U.S. ___________________________’s personal letter to a friend was stolen by Cuban rebels and published by ____________________________________________’s New York Journal. The letter described President _________________ as “weak and a bidder for the admiration of the crowd, besides being a common politician.” Americans took this as a national insult and demanded Spain be punished. De Lome resigned, but America was still fuming. yellow press Dupuy de Lome

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60 manipulated stories were printed in the U.S. about the terrible conditions there. This “________________________” stirred great interest in the conflict and intentionally drove America to war. 1. The de Lome Letter - In February 1898, the Spanish minister to the U.S. ___________________________’s personal letter to a friend was stolen by Cuban rebels and published by ____________________________________________’s New York Journal. The letter described President _________________ as “weak and a bidder for the admiration of the crowd, besides being a common politician.” Americans took this as a national insult and demanded Spain be punished. De Lome resigned, but America was still fuming. yellow press Dupuy de Lome William Randolph Hearst

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63 manipulated stories were printed in the U.S. about the terrible conditions there. This “________________________” stirred great interest in the conflict and intentionally drove America to war. 1. The de Lome Letter - In February 1898, the Spanish minister to the U.S. ___________________________’s personal letter to a friend was stolen by Cuban rebels and published by ____________________________________________’s New York Journal. The letter described President _________________ as “weak and a bidder for the admiration of the crowd, besides being a common politician.” Americans took this as a national insult and demanded Spain be punished. De Lome resigned, but America was still fuming. yellow press Dupuy de Lome William Randolph Hearst McKinley

64 2. The _________________________ - one week after the de Lome letter, an American Warship anchored in ______________ on a goodwill mission, mysteriously blew up. Over _________ men died in the blast. Despite other possible explanations, the yellow press blamed ______________. 3. Congress pushed for the recognition of _____________________ for Cuba. Spain had to uphold its honor and they declared war on the U.S. The U.S. responded on April 25, 1898 and declared war on Spain. The U.S. won every battle fought in the war and it was over in _______ days. The Spanish fleet in the ___________________ was destroyed in the battle of ____________________ (just a few hours). U.S.S. Maine Havana

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71 2. The _________________________ - one week after the de Lome letter, an American Warship anchored in ______________ on a goodwill mission, mysteriously blew up. Over _________ men died in the blast. Despite other possible explanations, the yellow press blamed ______________. 3. Congress pushed for the recognition of _____________________ for Cuba. Spain had to uphold its honor and they declared war on the U.S. The U.S. responded on April 25, 1898 and declared war on Spain. The U.S. won every battle fought in the war and it was over in _______ days. The Spanish fleet in the ___________________ was destroyed in the battle of ____________________ (just a few hours). U.S.S. Maine Havana 250 Spain independence 100 Philippines Manila Bay

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73 Assistant Secretary of the Navy, ________________________________’s (all volunteer group) “________________________” led a famous charge up San Juan Hill during the assault on the Cuban capital of _________________. The Caribbean Spanish fleet lost every ship in a sea battle. On July 17, Santiago surrendered and the American army took control of the island of ___________________. On August 12, 1898, Spain signed a truce under the __________________________. Spain gave up its claim to Cuba and ceded ____________, the _____________________, and Puerto Rico to the U.S. for$______ Theodore Roosevelt Rough Riders

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77 Assistant Secretary of the Navy, ________________________________’s (all volunteer group) “________________________” led a famous charge up San Juan Hill during the assault on the Cuban capital of _________________. The Caribbean Spanish fleet lost every ship in a sea battle. On July 17, Santiago surrendered and the American army took control of the island of ___________________. On August 12, 1898, Spain signed a truce under the __________________________. Spain gave up its claim to Cuba and ceded ____________, the _____________________, and Puerto Rico to the U.S. for$______ Theodore Roosevelt Rough Riders Santiago

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79 Assistant Secretary of the Navy, ________________________________’s (all volunteer group) “________________________” led a famous charge up San Juan Hill during the assault on the Cuban capital of _________________. The Caribbean Spanish fleet lost every ship in a sea battle. On July 17, Santiago surrendered and the American army took control of the island of ___________________. On August 12, 1898, Spain signed a truce under the __________________________. Spain gave up its claim to Cuba and ceded ____________, the _____________________, and Puerto Rico to the U.S. for$______ Theodore Roosevelt Rough Riders Santiago Puerto Rico Treaty of Paris Guam Philippines20

80 million. D. The ________________________________ - The Spanish-American War helped the U.S. realize it needed a shortcut form the Atlantic to the Pacific. The small American fleet couldn’t defend both the Atlantic and the Pacific because it took ______ months to sail a warship around _____________________. After the site was chosen, the U.S. tried to buy the land from _____________________. They asked for too much money, and meanwhile, the Panamanians let it be known that they wanted independence. American warships moved into position and the next day _________________________ declared their independence from Colombia. Panama Canal 2 Cape Horn Colombia Panamanians

81 The harbors were blocked by the Americans and Colombia couldn’t send in troops. President __________________________________ recognized the independence of Panama and on November 18, 1903, the U.S. signed a treaty with Panama. Under it, the “______________________” would be controlled and fortified by the U.S. Eleven years later the $________ million canal was finished. Theodore Roosevelt canal zone

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86 The harbors were blocked by the Americans and Colombia couldn’t send in troops. President __________________________________ recognized the independence of Panama and on November 18, 1903, the U.S. signed a treaty with Panama. Under it, the “______________________” would be controlled and fortified by the U.S. Eleven years later the $________ million canal was finished. Theodore Roosevelt canal zone 400

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