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Presentation on theme: "Back Index Quit Next The French Revolution Introduction Back Index Quit Next French Revolution (1789-1799), political and social upheaval,. The revolution."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Back Index Quit Next The French Revolution

3 Introduction Back Index Quit Next French Revolution ( ), political and social upheaval,. The revolution resulted, in the overthrow of the Bourbon monarchy and in the foundation of the First French Republic. It was generated by lots of causes, the most important of which were the Social Inequality, Corrupt Government and the influence of the Enlightenment and the American Revolution. Recent scholarship tends to downplay the social class struggle and emphasize political, cultural, ideological, and personality factors in the advent and unfolding of the conflict.

4 Index Back Index Quit Next - Historical reasons for the Revolution - - Open Rebellion - - From monarchy to Republic - - The Reign of Terror - - The Napoleonic Regime - - The Significance of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Era - - Revision Exercise-

5 Historical reasons for the Revolution Back Index Quit Next There were a vast complex of reasons causing the French Revolution, including internal problem, such as the and the, and outside influence, the and the. These are the main factor of the break up of the Revolution.. Social InequalityInefficient government Enlightenment idea the American Revolution success of

6 Social Inequality Back Index Quit Next Social Class of French Society before the Revolution

7 The Second Estate- - Nobility Social Inequality Social Class of French Society before the Revolution Back Index Quit Next

8 The Third Estate– City Workers and Peasants Social Inequality Social Class of French Society before the Revolution Back Index Quit Next

9 Social Inequality Social Class of French Society before the Revolution King, the Bourdon Monarchy Back Index Quit Next

10 Social Inequality Social Class of French Society before the Revolution The Third Estate -- Bourgeoisie Back Index Quit Next

11 Social Inequality Social Class of French Society before the Revolution Th First Estate --Clergy Back Index Quit Next

12 Inefficient Government - Louis XVI - In the 17th century, France was the most powerful country in Europe. ruled as an absolute monarch. But his successors, Louis XV and Louis XVI, were not capable ruler rulers. Louis XVI was very weak. He had no interest in politics. His government was corrupt and inefficient. The financial situation in France was also extremely bad. Louis XIV and his successors spent too much money on. The luxurious life of the kings and nobles made the country poorer. By 1789, the French Government was nearly bankrupt. Back Index Quit Next Louis XIV foreign wars

13 Back Index Quit Next Inefficient Government - Louis XVI - In the 17th century, France was the most powerful country in Europe. Louis XIV ruled as an absolute monarch. But his successors, Louis XV and Louis XVI, were not capable ruler rulers. Louis XVI was very weak. He had no interest in politics. His government was corrupt and inefficient. The financial situation in France was also extremely bad. Louis XIV and his successors spent too much money on foreign wars. The luxurious life of the kings and nobles made the country poorer. By 1789, the French Government was nearly bankrupt. Louis XVI The grandson of Louis XV, Louis XVI was considered a well-intentioned but weak king. A heavy tax burden and court extravagances led eventually to a popular revolt and the French Revolution. He and his wife were later executed by guillotine by the revolutionary regime. Marie Antoinette

14 Back Index Quit Next Inefficient Government - Louis XVI - In the 17th century, France was the most powerful country in Europe. Louis XIV ruled as an absolute monarch. But his successors, Louis XV and Louis XVI, were not capable ruler rulers. Louis XVI was very weak. He had no interest in politics. His government was corrupt and inefficient. The financial situation in France was also extremely bad. Louis XIV and his successors spent too much money on foreign wars. The luxurious life of the kings and nobles made the country poorer. By 1789, the French Government was nearly bankrupt. Marie Antoinette Marie Antoinette was the queen of France who died on the guillotine in 1793 during the French Revolution. Her lavish life-style made her unpopular. Paying no attention to her country  financial crisis, she refused to make any concessions to hungry mobs who marched on the palace in Versailles. Instead, she called out troops. Violence followed, and she and her husband, King Louis XVI, were imprisoned by revolutionaries and later executed.

15 Back Index Quit Next Inefficient Government - Louis XVI - In the 17th century, France was the most powerful country in Europe. Louis XIV ruled as an absolute monarch. But his successors, Louis XV and Louis XVI, were not capable ruler rulers. Louis XVI was very weak. He had no interest in politics. His government was corrupt and inefficient. The financial situation in France was also extremely bad. Louis XIV and his successors spent too much money on foreign wars. The luxurious life of the kings and nobles made the country poorer. By 1789, the French Government was nearly bankrupt. Louis XIV Known as the Sun King because he chose the sun as his royal emblem, Louis XIV encouraged French artists and writers while also building the most militarily powerful nation in Europe. Louis XIV’s aim was for a supreme France, in war or in peace. His reign ( ), the longest in European history, was marked by a great flowering of French culture.

16 Back Index Quit Next Inefficient Government - Louis XVI - In the 17th century, France was the most powerful country in Europe. Louis XIV ruled as an absolute monarch. But his successors, Louis XV and Louis XVI, were not capable ruler rulers. Louis XVI was very weak. He had no interest in politics. His government was corrupt and inefficient. The financial situation in France was also extremely bad. Louis XIV and his successors spent too much money on foreign wars. The luxurious life of the kings and nobles made the country poorer. By 1789, the French Government was nearly bankrupt. Foreign Wars The French government had undergone periodic economic crises, resulting from the long wars waged during the reign of Louis XIV, royal mismanagement of national affairs under Louis XV, the losses incurred in the French and Indian War ( ), and increased indebtedness arising from loans to the American colonies during the American Revolution ( ). The French and Indian War, A conflict respective Native American allies in a quest for domination of North America which. ended in complete victory for the British, The removal of a French threat to colonial security helped bring about the American Revolution.

17 Back Index Quit Next The influence of the Enlightenment During the 18 th century, all major European countries were influenced by the Enlightenment. France was the centre of the movement. The ideas of French thinkers such as, and were widespread. Their writings greatly influenced the bourgeoisie and encouraged them to rebel against tyranny. Voltaire RousseauMontesquieu - Voltaire -

18 Back Index Quit The influence of the Enlightenment During the 18 th century, all major European countries were influenced by the Enlightenment. France was the centre of the movement. The ideas of French thinkers such as, and were widespread. Their writings greatly influenced the bourgeoisie and encouraged them to rebel against tyranny. Voltaire RousseauMontesquieu - Voltaire - Next Voltaire The French writer and philosopher Voltaire is considered one of the central figures of the Age of Enlightenment of the 1700s, a period which emphasized the power of human reason, science, and respect for humanity. Voltaire believed that literature should serve as a vehicle for social change. His biting satires and philosophical writings demonstrated his aversion to Christianity, intolerance, and tyranny and brought him into frequent conflict with the religious and political communities. The expression captured in this portrait of Voltaire in 1718 hint at the sharp sense of humor with which he won the favor of 18th-century French society.

19 Back Index Quit The influence of the Enlightenment During the 18 th century, all major European countries were influenced by the Enlightenment. France was the centre of the movement. The ideas of French thinkers such as, and were widespread. Their writings greatly influenced the bourgeoisie and encouraged them to rebel against tyranny. Voltaire RousseauMontesquieu - Voltaire - Next Jean Jacques Rousseau Jean Jacques Rousseau contributed to many branches of social philosophy. The Social Contract is a classic defense of the democratic form of government. Rousseau trusted the  eneral will?of a democratic people, as expressed by a vote of the majority, to make all important decisions. This trust in the majority contrasts greatly with the ideas of philosophers who championed minority and individual rights.

20 Back Index Quit The influence of the Enlightenment During the 18 th century, all major European countries were influenced by the Enlightenment. France was the centre of the movement. The ideas of French thinkers such as, and were widespread. Their writings greatly influenced the bourgeoisie and encouraged them to rebel against tyranny. Voltaire RousseauMontesquieu - Voltaire - Next Montesquieu ( ) French writer and philosopher. He argued for the separation of powers into the executive, the legislature and the judiciary to avoid tyranny. His ideas were included in the American Constitution.

21 The Influence of the American Revolution The success of the Americans in their War of Independence set a good example for the French. It showed that a government could actually be formed by the people. It encouraged the French to fight for their freedom. As a result, the French started their revolution shortly after the birth of the United State. Back Index Quit Next

22 Back Index Quit Next Open Rebellion – The Estates General Louis XVI wanted to raise money from his people. In May 1789, he called a meeting of the Estates General which had not been held since According to tradition, the three Estate were to meet in separated halls, and each Estate could only had one vote. But the Third Estate demanded that the three Estates meet together and voting by head. The First and Second Estate refused to do so. On 17 June, the Third Estate declared National Assembly. The Estates General was destroyed. First Estate Second Estate Third Estate 2 % 96 % Percentage of Population Number of Representativ es Voting by Block (used by the Estates General) 1 Votes Votes

23 Back Index Quit Next The Tennis Court Oath Inside the tennis court, one of the main leaders Bailly, voiced the ideas of Mounier, another leader that they would not leave Versailles until there was a constitution which they agreed on. Everyone accepted the oath. That Oath was known as the Tennis Court Oath. On 20 June, 1789, the members of the National Assembly stood outside the meeting hall, soon after they had found out that King Louis had canceled the royal session because his son died.Then after it started to pour and drenching the Third Estate members, so they sought shelter in a nearby indoor tennis court.

24 Back Index Quit Next The Tennis Court Oath Inside the tennis court, one of the main leaders Bailly, voiced the ideas of Mounier, another leader that they would not leave Versailles until there was a constitution which they agreed on. Everyone accepted the oath. That Oath was known as the Tennis Court Oath. On 20 June, 1789, the members of the National Assembly stood outside the meeting hall, soon after they had found out that King Louis had canceled the royal session because his son died.Then after it started to pour and drenching the Third Estate members, so they sought shelter in a nearby indoor tennis court. The Tennis Court Oath The National Assembly members taking the Tennis Court Oath at Versailles on June 20, 1789.

25 Back Index Quit Next The Storming of Bastille At last, Louis XVI gave in ordered the other two Estates to join the National Assembly. But he also planning to bring in troops to dissolve it. Meanwhile, there were many hungry and unemployed people in Paris. When they heard about the King’s intention, they attacked the on 14 July. To the French, the fall of Bastille marked the end of tyranny. The French Revolution began. People Marching to the Bastille The Storming of the Bastille Bastille

26 Back Index Quit Next The Storming of Bastille At last, Louis XVI gave in ordered the other two Estates to join the National Assembly. But he also planning to bring in troops to dissolve it. Meanwhile, there were many hungry and unemployed people in Paris. When they heard about the King’s intention, they attacked the on 14 July. To the French, the fall of Bastille marked the end of tyranny. The French Revolution began. People Marching to the Bastille The Storming of the Bastille Bastille Bastille -a prison which was the symbol of absolutism. People who opposed the king were imprisoned there without trial. The site is now an open square, called the Place de la Bastille. Bastille Day is the national holiday in France, celebrated annually on July 14.

27 Back Index Quit The revolution soon spread throughout France. The National Assembly passed laws to remove all the privileges of the clergy and the nobility. In August 1789, they approved the ‘Declaration of the Rights of Man’. It emphasizes liberty, equality and fraternity. These inalienable rights included participation, through chosen representatives, in the making of laws; equality of all persons before the law; equitable taxation and the freedom of religion, speech, and the press. It clearly reflects the ideas of the Enlightenment thinkers. The Declaration of the Rights of Man Next

28 Back Index Quit Next From Monarchy to Republic In September 1791, the National Assembly drew up a constitution for France. It set out how the country was to be ruled. It allowed Louis XVI to continue be king, but not as an absolute monarch. Power would be held by an assembly that was to be elected by the people. France became a constitutional monarchy. The National Assembly

29 Back Index Quit Next In April 1792, France declared war on Austria and Prussia. Revolutionary Wars Begin. In September, a new assembly called the National Convention was elected. It ended the monarchy in France. France was declared a republic. It was called the First French Republic ( ). The Tricolour Revolutionary Flag was made up of the blue, white and red colour which represent liberty, equality and fraternity. “ Can you hear the shouts of the soldiers ? Citizens, get your weapons ! March onwards, onwards ! Let the poisoned blood of our enemies soak into our field. ” The First French Republic

30 Back Index Quit Next In April 1792, France declared war on Austria and Prussia. Revolutionary Wars Begin. In September, a new assembly called the National Convention was elected. It ended the monarchy in France. France was declared a republic. It was called the First French Republic ( ). “ Can you hear the shouts of the soldiers ? Citizens, get your weapons ! March onwards, onwards ! Let the poisoned blood of our enemies soak into our field. ” During the Revolutionary Wars, volunteers from Marseilles in the south of France marched north to fight the foreign enemies. They sang the above song on the way. Now, it has became the National song of France. The Tricolour Revolutionary Flag was made up of the blue, white and red colour which represent liberty, equality and fraternity. The First French Republic

31 Back Index Quit The Reign of Terror - The cause of the Reign of Terror - - What was the Reign of Terror ? - - How did the Reign of Terror end ? - Next

32 Back Index Quit Next In 1793, Louis XVI was executed. Almost all European countries joined together to form the First Coalition against France.As a result of foreign invasion and internal rebellion, the National Convention set up the Committee of Public Safety and the Revolutionary Tribunal. The cause of the Reign of Terror The execution of Louis XVI

33 Back Index Quit Next In all of France, revolutionary tribunals and commissions were responsible for the execution of almost 17,000 individuals. All elements of the opposition suffered from the terror. Of those condemned by the revolutionary tribunals, approximately 8 percent were nobles, 6 percent were members of the clergy, 14 percent belonged to the middle class, and 70 percent were workers or peasants charged with draft dodging, desertion, hoarding, rebellion, and various other crimes. What was the Reign of Terror ? Guillotine, a machine used to behead people who were suspected of being against the revolution.

34 Back Index Quit How did the Reign of Terror end ? The radical revolutionary leader of the Committee of Public safety Robespierre was executed in 1794 The Directory was set up in 1795 The Reign of Terror ended. Robespierre Next

35 Back Index Quit In 1793, Louis XVI was executed. Almost all European countries joined together to form the First Coalition against France.As a result of foreign invasion and internal rebellion, the National Convention set up the Committee of Public Safety and the Revolutionary Tribunal. The cause of the Reign of Terror The execution of Louis XVI Next Marie Antoinette on the Guillotine, October 16, King Louis XVI was brought to trial, December 11, 1792

36 How did the Reign of Terror end ? The radical revolutionary leader of the Committee of Public safety Robespierre was executed in 1794 The Directory was set up in 1795 The Reign of Terror ended. Robespierre Back Index Quit Next Maximilien Robespierre Maximilien Robespierre was one of the most controversial figures in the French Revolution. In the cause of fostering democracy, Robespierre helped bring about the Reign of Terror, in which thousands were executed by the guillotine. He eventually met the same fate. Jean Paul Marat Jean Paul Marat was one of the most radical leaders of the French Revolution. He urged popular violence against any who supported the French King Louis XVI. Stirred by his views, which he published in his newspaper, L  mi du Peuple, revolutionaries broke into Paris prisons and killed over 1,000 political prisoners, including priests and aristocrats.

37 Back Index Quit Next The life of The Napoleonic Regime Napoleon Bonaparte

38 Back Index Quit The life of The Napoleonic Regime Napoleon Bonaparte Next Napoleon Bonaparte Napoleon Bonaparte was the greatest military genius of the 19th century. He conquered most of Western Europe and Egypt for France, while instituting reforms in these new territories aimed at guaranteeing civil liberties and improving the quality of life. He crowned himself emperor of France in 1804 and introduced reforms intended to unify the revolution-fractured nation. Many of Napoleon reforms are still in effect today. Napoleonic Empire in 1812 French Empire Dependent State French Allies

39 Back Index Quit The life of The Napoleonic Regime Napoleon Bonaparte Born on August 15, 1769, in Ajaccio, Corsica Next

40 Back Index Quit The life of The Napoleonic Regime Napoleon Bonaparte 1785 Jointed the army Next

41 Back Index Quit The life of The Napoleonic Regime Napoleon Bonaparte 1796 Married Josephine Next

42 Back Index Quit The life of The Napoleonic Regime Napoleon Bonaparte Next 1799 Ended the and set up a new government, the. He became the First Consul and held great power Directory Consulate

43 Back Index Quit The life of The Napoleonic Regime Napoleon Bonaparte Next 1804 became Emperor of France

44 Back Index Quit The life of The Napoleonic Regime Napoleon Bonaparte Next 1805 Defeated the Third Coalition.Napoleonic Wars started

45 Back Index Quit The life of The Napoleonic Regime Napoleon Bonaparte Next 1806 Introduced the Continental System.(In order to stop European countries under his control from trading with Britain.)

46 Back Index Quit The life of The Napoleonic Regime Napoleon Bonaparte Next 1808 Controlled almost the whole of Europe.

47 Back Index Quit The life of The Napoleonic Regime Napoleon Bonaparte Next 1809 Divorced Josephine and married Marie Louise, daughter of the Austrian emperor

48 The life of The Napoleonic Regime Napoleon Bonaparte Back Index Quit Next 1812 Suffered great loss in the Russian Campaign.

49 The life of The Napoleonic Regime Napoleon Bonaparte Back Index Quit Next 1813 Lost the Peninsular War to Spain and Portugal and the Battle of Nations (The Fourth Coalition). Exiled to the island of Elba

50 The life of The Napoleonic Regime Napoleon Bonaparte Back Index Quit Next 1814 Napoleon escaped back to France and returned to power.

51 The life of The Napoleonic Regime Napoleon Bonaparte Back Index Quit Next 1815 Napoleon was defeated by Britain and Prussia at the Battle of Waterloo. He was exiled to an island.

52 The life of The Napoleonic Regime Napoleon Bonaparte Back Index Quit Next 1821 Napoleon died at the island of St.Helena.

53 Back Index Quit Napoleonic Code * protected personal property; * abolished class divisions and feudal privileges; * made every man equal before the law; * gave every citizen the freedom to choose his religious and job. Next

54 Back Index Quit Next Significance of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Era Congress of Vienna ( ) Revolution of 1830 Revolution of 1848 Unification of Italy ( ) Unification of Germany ( ) 19th-Century world Liberalism Nationalism American Civil War ( ) Independenc e movements in Latin America (

55 Back Index Quit The life of The Napoleonic Regime Napoleon Bonaparte Next 1799 Ended the and set up a new government, the Consulate. He became the First Consul and held great power Directory Directory, executive branch of the Republican government of France, established in 1795 in accordance with the constitution promulgated by the National Convention. As a result of corruption within the Directory, the finances of the government became so strained that early in 1796 a proclamation of bankruptcy was issued. So on the 9 November,1799, National hero Napoleon ended the Directory and set up the Consulate.

56 Back Index Quit The life of The Napoleonic Regime Napoleon Bonaparte Next 1799 Ended the and set up a new government, the Consulate. He became the First Consul and held great power Directory Consulate Consulate, form of government in France from 1799 to 1804, established after the overthrow of the Directory by Napoleon, later the emperor of France. Napoleon served as first consul. The two other consuls, Emmanuel Joseph Sieyes and Pierre Ducos, served as his advisors. The powers of the various legislative bodies, however, were very limited, while those of the first consul were made almost absolute. Napoleon held great power. The Consulate was later dissolved in 1804 when Napoleon became emperor.

57 Back Index Quit Next Significance of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Era Congress of Vienna ( ) Revolution of 1830 Revolution of 1848 Unification of Italy ( ) Unification of Germany ( ) 19th-Century world Liberalism Nationalism American Civil War ( ) Independenc e movements in Latin America ( Congress of Vienna The Congress of Vienna was held after the fall of Napoleon.But it could not stop the spread of liberalism and nationalism. Many revolutions broke out in 19 th- century Europe.

58 Back Index Quit Next Significance of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Era Congress of Vienna ( ) Revolution of 1830 Revolution of 1848 Unification of Italy ( ) Unification of Germany ( ) 19th-Century world Liberalism Nationalism American Civil War ( ) Independenc e movements in Latin America ( ) Liberalism and Nationalism The French Revolution gave birth of the ideas of Liberalism and Nationalism which emphasized freedom and the nation-ruling of people. The European were deeply influenced by these two ideas.

59 Back Index Quit Next 1. Which of the following did not belong to the Third Estate in medieval Europe ? Revision A Multiple Choice Question A. The Serfs B. The Priest C. The Bourgeoisie D. The Workers

60 1. Which of the following did not belong to the Third Estate in medieval Europe ? Revision A Multiple Choice Question A. The Serfs B. The Priest C. The Bourgeoisie D. The Workers Totally Correct ! Index Quit Next Back

61 1. Which of the following did not belong to the Third Estate in medieval Europe ? Revision A Multiple Choice Question A. The Serfs B. The Priest C. The Bourgeoisie D. The Workers Oops! The answer should be “B. The priest” as Priests belonged to the First Estate Index Quit Next Back

62 Index Quit Next 2. The three colours of the Tricolour shown from the left to the right are … A. Red, white, blue B. White, red, blue C. Blue, red, white D. Blue, white, red

63 2. The three colours of the Tricolour shown from the left to the right are … A. Red, white, blue B. White, red, blue C. Blue, white, red D. Blue, white, red Exactly ! Index Quit Next Back

64 2. The three colours of the Tricolour shown from the left to the right are … A. Red, white, blue B. White, red, blue C. Blue, white, red D. Blue, white, red The right answer is D Index Quit Next Back

65 3. Robespierre was the leader of the … A. DirectoryB. National Guard C. Consulate D. Committee of the Public Safety Back Index Quit Next

66 3. Robespierre was the leader of the … A. DirectoryB. National Guard C. Consulate D. Committee of the Public Safety Back Index Quit Next How clever you are !

67 3. Robespierre was the leader of the … A. DirectoryB. National Guard C. Consulate D. Committee of the Public Safety Back Index Quit Next Sorry !the answer is D

68 Back Index Quit Next 4. The king who ruled France before the 1789 Revolution was … A. Louis XVI B. Marie Antoinette C. Napoleon Bonparte D. Charles I

69 Back Index Quit Next 4. The king who ruled France before the 1789 Revolution was … A. Louis XVI B. Marie Antoinette C. Napoleon Bonparte D. Charles I That’s right !

70 Back Index Quit Next 4. The king who ruled France before the 1789 Revolution was … A. Louis XVI B. Marie Antoinette C. Napoleon Bonparte D. Charles I I think answer A is more suitable.

71 Back Index Quit Next 5. When the Third Estate found that their meeting hall was locked by Louis XVI, then they … A. Damaged the palace and went away angrily B. Shouted loudly C. Knocked the door violently D. Moved to an indoor tennis court

72 Back Index Quit Next 5. When the Third Estate found that their meeting hall was locked by Louis XVI, then they … A. Damaged the palace and went away angrily B. Shouted loudly C. Knocked the door violently D. Moved to an indoor tennis court 100 % Correct

73 Back Index Quit Next 5. When the Third Estate found that their meeting hall was locked by Louis XVI, then they … A. Damaged the palace and went away angrily B. Shouted loudly C. Knocked the door violently D. Moved to an indoor tennis court It should be D

74 Back Index Quit Next 6. The Revolutionary Tribunal was used to … A. Kill Louis XVI and other nobles B. Execute people who were suspected of being against the Revolution C. Help other European countries to start the revolution D. Execute people for fun

75 Back Index Quit Next 6. The Revolutionary Tribunal was used to … A. Kill Louis XVI and other nobles B. Execute people who were suspected of being against the Revolution C. Help other European countries to start the revolution D. Execute people for fun Intelligent !

76 Back Index Quit Next 6. The Revolutionary Tribunal was used to … A. Kill Louis XVI and other nobles B. Execute people who were suspected of being against the Revolution C. Help other European countries to start the revolution D. Execute people for fun D is the most accurate answer

77 Back Index Quit Next 7. The Reign of Terror started because A. Of foreign invasion and internal rebellion B. The death of Louis XVI C. The Directory was corrupt and inefficient D. The government wanted to kill people as the population grew rapidly

78 Back Index Quit Next 7. The Reign of Terror started because A. Of foreign invasion and internal rebellion B. The death of Louis XVI C. The Directory was corrupt and inefficient D. The government wanted to kill people as the population grew rapidly Exactly Correct !

79 Back Index Quit Next 7. The Reign of Terror started because A. Of foreign invasion and internal rebellion B. The death of Louis XVI C. The Directory was corrupt and inefficient D. The government wanted to kill people as the population grew rapidly The answer is A.

80 Back Index Quit Next 8. Where did Napoleon born ? A. St. HelenaB. France C. CorsicaD. Russia

81 Back Index Quit Next 8. Where did Napoleon born ? A. St. Helena C. CorsicaD. Russia B. France It’s too easy for you.

82 Back Index Quit Next 8. Where did Napoleon born ? A. St. Helena C. CorsicaD. Russia B. France Oops ! The answer should be C

83 Back Index Quit Next 9. Napoleon won in the A. Peninsular War B. Russian Campaign C. Battle of Waterloo D. Battle of Austerlitz

84 Back Index Quit Next 9. Napoleon won in the A. Peninsular War B. Russian Campaign C. Battle of Waterloo D. Battle of Austerlitz Perfect !

85 Back Index Quit Next 9. Napoleon won in the A. Peninsular War B. Russian Campaign C. Battle of Waterloo D. Battle of Austerlitz The answer is D

86 Back Index Quit Next 10. The First French Empire was formed by A. Louis XVI B. Napoleon C. John Locke D. The Third Estate

87 Back Index Quit 10. The First French Empire was formed by A. Louis XVI B. Napoleon C. John Locke D. The Third Estate Exactly ! ! Next

88 Back Index Quit Next 10. The First French Empire was formed by A. Louis XVI B. Napoleon C. John Locke D. The Third Estate I think the answer should be B.

89 Wow! You have finished the Revision Exercise and the self- studying course of the French Revolution. Is it easy to you. Certainly is ! In fact, there are a list of story about the Revolution that you can found in the Internet. If you are interested in this topic, or you want a further reading, we have some Web site provided to you as follow. Hope you enjoy the journey in the tale of History. Back Index Quit Next Link includes a history, construction information, a gallery of pictures and biographies of people related to the guillotine. story of the French Revolution. dedicated to the study of Napoleon Bonaparte and his times. It is a place where people interested in Napoleonic history can meet to exchange ideas and knowledge or just to talk about their favorite subject. Napoleon Series Saint Just and Robespierre Guillotine, The

90 Back Index Quit Next Group Member 2B Ma Chit Sum (35) 2B Tsang Sui Ying (39) 2B Wong Kwong Yi (40) Want Further Information ? to us now.


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