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Outline of Presentation 1.Background 2.Relevance of Fundamental Spatial Datasets (FSD) in Disaster Risk Reduction and Management (DRRM) 3.Importance of.

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Presentation on theme: "Outline of Presentation 1.Background 2.Relevance of Fundamental Spatial Datasets (FSD) in Disaster Risk Reduction and Management (DRRM) 3.Importance of."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Outline of Presentation 1.Background 2.Relevance of Fundamental Spatial Datasets (FSD) in Disaster Risk Reduction and Management (DRRM) 3.Importance of Good Governance in Developing FSDs 4.Underlying Good Governance Issues 5.Role of Geodetic Engineers in DRRM 6.The Advocacy for Institutionalization 7.Summary

3 Background

4 Natural Disasters in Southeast Asia

5 Background Natural Disasters in Southeast Asia

6 What is Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR)? Baas et. al. (2008)

7 Disaster Risk Reduction and Management (DRRM)

8 Disaster Risk Reduction & Management (DRRM)

9 Paradigm Shift in DRRM From traditional relief to : 1.Preparedness and mitigation; 2.Integration of risk and vulnerability assessment and reduction in development planning; 3.Scaling up of community-based response and support systems; and 4.Expanding partnerships with private development stakeholders.

10 Functions of SDI in DRRM

11 A.Technical and methodical enhancements of managing geographic information for a specific purpose; B.Assembles geographic information descriptive of the arrangement and attributes of features and phenomena on the Earth; The Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) Concept

12 C.Encompasses different building blocks such as: 1.Standards and interoperability 2.Metadata 3.Clearinghouse 4.Institutional framework 5.Fundamental (Core) spatial datasets 6.Capacity building The Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) Concept

13 The Functions of FSD in Relation to SDI Development 1.Serves as the foundation for the integration of secondary or tertiary geographic data/information in SDI development. 2.Guarantees spatial consistency, precision, and reliability of geographic datasets.

14 Composition of FSD (Country-specific)

15 Definition of Good Govenance “It refers to the process of decision making and the procedure by which decisions are implemented or not implemented”. The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP) The Importance of Good Governance in Building FSDs

16 1.Need for fair legal framework that are enforced impartially to fully protect human rights; legal- political regime restrains asserted by governments to promote social stability, order, and legal certainty of liberties. - Rule of law Preconditions to Developing FSD viz Good Governance

17 2.Setting up of certain reasonable criteria in identifying and selecting stakeholders whether through direct involvement or representation of membership- based groups and associations. -Participation Preconditions to Developing FSD viz Good Governance

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20 Other Spatial Datasets Effectiveness and Efficiency Rule of Law Participation Accountability Good Governance Fundamental Spatial Datasets Relevance of Good Governance in Building FSDs

21 Governance-related Issues in FSD Build-up

22 3. Accountability - No one is held accountable for unsound discretions, inactions, and errors committed by institutions and individual professionals mandated/tasked to build FSDs. 4.Effectiveness and Efficiency - The issues surrounding the first three (3) elements have compromised the timeliness of delivery and quality of outputs. Governance-related Issues in FSD Build-up

23 “A natural person who has been issued a Certificate of Registration by the Board of Geodetic Engineering and has taken Oath of Profession of Geodetic Engineers”. The law also provides that: “The practice of geodetic engineering is a professional and organized act of gathering physical data on the surface of the earth with the use of precision instruments utilizing scientific and methodical procession of these data and presenting them on graphs, plans, maps, charts, or documents”. Philippines Republic Act No. 8560, as amended. Geodetic Engineer: Definition and Scope of Practice

24 “The Contribution of the Surveying Profession to Disaster Risk Management”. – Ensuring good governance – Undertaking capacity building activities Publication No. 38 (FIG Working Group 8.4, 2006) Statement of the International Federation of Surveyors (FIG)

25 Building FSDs for DRRM: Facts 1.Developing SDI is an interdisciplinary and multi-entity in nature; 2.Incorporates the active involvement of professionals in the field; 3.Mere training cannot substitute educational preparation; 4.Geodetic Engineers are governed by certain professional regulatory law and Code of Ethical Conduct; and 5.Violation of the Code results to the cancellation and revocation of license to practice profession.

26 The Advocacy Framework for Institutionalization Educational Background Other Spatial Datasets Fundamental Spatial Datasets Competency Legal Authority

27 The Advocacy

28 We intend to: – Cooperate in developing and implementing measures to reduce disaster losses, among others, pursuant to the ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response (AADMER); – Contribute to the enhancement of cooperation on DRRM (18 th ASEAN Summit, Indonesia, 07 May 2011); and – Support the implementation of Hyogo Declaration and the Hyogo Framework for Action.

29 The ASEAN Charter* * - Signed in 20 November 2007; enforced in 15 December 2008

30 Summary For an SDI to be reliable and dynamic, it m ust be referred to an FSD that is: – Dependable – Up-to-date – Consistent Among other things, the above condition can be better achieved through: – Recognition and strict enforcement of professional regulatory laws – Appropriate participation mechanism – Implementing accountability measures – Ensuring effective and efficient work environment

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