Presentation on theme: "The government developed a plan for Reconstruction and set up the Freedmen’s Bureau to try to solve postwar problems."— Presentation transcript:
The government developed a plan for Reconstruction and set up the Freedmen’s Bureau to try to solve postwar problems.
Standard : Explain how the war affected combatants, civilians, the physical environment, and future warfare. Standard : List the original aims of Reconstruction and describe its effects on the political and social structures of different regions. Standard : Understand the effects of the Freedmen’s Bureau and the restrictions placed on the rights and opportunities of freedmen, including racial segregation and “Jim Crow” laws.
Abraham Lincoln amnesty: a government declares that it will officially overlook violations of an existing law. freedman: enslaved people who had been freed by the war. John Wilkes Booth
Main Idea & Details 1.Fold 1 paper into 3 or 4 sections for notes. 1.Write down the section heading and the main idea. You will fill in the details at the end of the lesson.
Preparing for Reunion President Lincoln and Congress did not agree how to bring the Union back together. o In December 1863, Lincoln introduced the Ten Percent Plan. o As soon as ten percent of a state’s voters swore an oath of loyalty to the U.S., the voters could organize a new state government. o The plan included amnesty for former Confederates who took the loyalty oath. o Amnesty did not apply to Confederate government leaders and top military officers.
Preparing for Reunion President Lincoln and Congress did not agree how to bring the Union back together. o Congress passed a much stricter plan for Reconstruction called the Wade-Davis Bill. o The bill would require 50 percent of voters to sign a loyalty oath. o Anyone who had voluntarily fought for the Confederacy did not have the right to vote. o Lincoln did not sign the Wade-Davis Bill, so it never became law. o Supporters of strict Reconstruction policy were known as Radical Republicans.
The Freedmen’s Bureau The Freedmen’s Bureau provided education and economic help to freed slaves and poor whites. o Congress created the Freedmen’s Bureau in March o The bureau’s first duty was to provide emergency relief to people displaced by the war. o Schools were set up to teach freedmen to read and write. o Public schools began to educate blacks and whites. o The Freedmen’s Bureau helped freedmen find jobs and resolved disputes between whites and blacks.
Lincoln is Murdered Abraham Lincoln’s assassination ended the chance of a lenient Reconstruction. o Lincoln was shot dead on April 14, 1865, five days after Lee’s surrender. o John Wilkes Booth, a Confederate sympathizer, shot him while the president was watching a play at Ford’s Theatre in Washington. o Booth was killed two weeks later after he was trapped in a barn in Virginia. o Eight people were convicted and four were hanged for their part in the plot to kill Lincoln.
INDEPENDENT WORK 1.Read pages in the History textbook. 1.Take more detailed notes based on the “big idea” concepts just introduced.
HOMEWORK CONNECTION Complete 12-1 Section Quizzes Write a detailed SUMMARY of the section and complete the UNANSWERED QUESTIONS section of your notes. Choose two of the remaining Depth & Complexity ICONS in your notes and explain how they relate to this section.