Presentation on theme: "Roots of Revolution SWBAT: IDENTIFY THE 3 ESTATES OF FRANCE HOMEWORK: NONE DO NOW: WHAT CHRISTMAS PRESENT ARE YOU MOST LOOKING FORWARD TO GIVING THIS YEAR?"— Presentation transcript:
Roots of Revolution SWBAT: IDENTIFY THE 3 ESTATES OF FRANCE HOMEWORK: NONE DO NOW: WHAT CHRISTMAS PRESENT ARE YOU MOST LOOKING FORWARD TO GIVING THIS YEAR?
French Revolution Diary Project DISTRIBUTION AND OVERVIEW
Beginnings of the Revolution question review 1. What kind of problems was France facing at the end of the 18 th century? 2. What changes did the Third Estate want to make in the Estates General? 3. Why is the storming of the Bastille significant? 4. What is the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen and what kind of ideas could one find in it? 5. What happens to King Louis XVI and his wife, Marie Antoinette? 6. What is the Reign of Terror? 7. What event marks the end of the French Revolution?
Beginnings of a Revolution SOCIAL CLASSES, DISCONTENT, AND UPRISING
Some background… For 100 years before the revolution (1789) France was one of the largest and most powerful countries in Europe. Kings claimed absolute power and that God had chosen them to rule. Starting in July, 1789, however, things were going to start to change dramatically. Within months, the king would lose all power. The lowest class would rise up and take control. But why? King Louis XVI
Problems within France Economic: kings of France had been overspending and been fighting wars on and off for the past 50 years. The palace of Versailles (in today’s money) cost millions of dollars. French and Indian War was expensive and came at a loss. The American Revolution while a win, was extremely costly. Famine Poor harvests led to a rise in cost for food. This would not be matched by a rise in wages. Social Classes
The Three Estates (social classes) of France Clergy % of population: 1% Paid no tax Taxed those living on their land. Everybody else % of population: 97% Taxed heavily. Richest of the 97% are the bourgeoisie. Nobility % of population: 2% Paid no tax Taxed those living on their land. First Estate Third EstateSecond Estate
Discontent of the third estate grows Hunger. Poor harvest and low wages means people cannot feed themselves. Social and economic inequality. The rich live in large houses, eat well, and do not pay taxes. Nobility is so far removed from what is going on, they don’t particularly know or care what the 3 rd estate is experiencing. ENLIGHTENMENT!!
Financial Crisis- the Beginning Louis XVI, like the kings before him, continued to overspend. Debt worsens. French aid during the American Revolution was costly. Nobility/clergy rioted and refused to pay taxes when asked. French bankers deny the gov’t money when asked. Louis calls for a meeting of the Estates General for the first time in 175 years to solve the problem.
The Estates General What is it? Body of gov’t where representatives from each estate met. Traditionally, each estate met separately to cast their votes. Each estate casts one vote and has the same # of representatives. Why would this be unfair?
The Meeting of the Estates General At the meeting called by the king, the king declared that voting would be the way it had always been done- separately. At the meeting, the Third Estate demands better representation and to meet at the same time as the other estates. King does not respond. In response, the Third Estate breaks away creating the National Assembly starting the French Revolution.
The Tennis Court Oath After the 3 rd estate declared themselves the National Assembly, they attempted to meet, but found the doors to be locked : ( In response, they met at a nearby indoor tennis court. This leads to the Tennis Court Oath. The deputies pledged to continue to meet until a new constitution had been written. The oath was both a revolutionary act, and an assertion that political authority derived from the people and their representatives rather than from the monarch.
Influences The Estates General meets in 1789. What events, ideas, and people are influencing the third estate’s decisions and actions?
"The Tennis Court Oath at Versailles” by Jacques– Louis David Unfinished.
Exit Slip To the right is a political cartoon. What message is the artist trying to convey? "You should hope that this game will be over soon."