1 st – Free speech, freedom of religion, right to assemble & petition 2 nd – Right to keep and bear arms 3 rd – No quartering of soldiers 4 th – No unreasonable searches & seizures 5 th – Right not to testify (and more) 6 th – Right to speedy trial and fair jury 7 th – Right to trial by jury 8 th – No cruel or unusual punishment 9 th – All other rights reserved to the people 10 th – All other powers reserved to the states
13 th – Abolishes slavery & involuntary servitude 14 th – Requires equal protection under the law to all persons; requires due process 15 th – Right to vote shall not be denied based on race, color or previous condition of servitude 19 th – Right to vote extended to women 26 th – Right to vote extended to 18-year-olds
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.
“It can hardly be argued that either students or teachers shed their constitutional rights to freedom of speech or expression at the schoolhouse gate.”
La Jolla High School squelches student speech, paints over political messages on senior benches
Should students have lesser 1 st Amendment rights at school than adults have? Why are schools allowed to limit students’ speech? Are students allowed to share their religious views in school? What’s the deal with school prayer? Are prayers okay at graduation or events? Can a school censor a school-sponsored publication, like a newspaper or yearbook?
The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be searched.
Stratford High School Raid, Nov. 5, 2003 http://www.youtube.com /watch?v=GwDOlLFCZu k http://www.youtube.com /watch?v=GwDOlLFCZu k Savana Redding, October 2003 Strip Search
Should the school in South Carolina have called in the police and drug-sniffing dogs in a mass raid in response to evidence that one student was doing drugs? Could the school and police have conducted a more reasonable search? Did the Arizona school have enough evidence to search Savana Redding based on one student’s accusation? Would a strip search of a student ever be reasonable? What would you do if you found yourself in Savana’s situation?