2 Step One: Organize and Planning Official Constitutional RequirementsThree requirementsAge: 35Citizenship: Natural born citizenResidency: Resident of US for last 14 years
3 STEP 2: State Caucuses and Primaries Purpose: Small meetings, where people come together to select delegatesFirst state: IowaImportance: as we have seen, Iowa can give a huge boost to a candidate (Obama) or force people out of the race early (Biden and Dodd))PrimariesState elections with in a party to get delegates support at the national convention3 kinds: open, closed and bindingFirst state: New HampshireImportance: weeds out candidates, proves who can win and where
4 STEP 3: Win Nomination at Convention Purpose of convention: Choose party’s candidateWhere do we hold the convention: Big electoral stateWhy: Get media exposure for party and candidateWhat is the Platform Committee: Writes rules for convention and writes the party’s stance on current issues (that is voted on by delegates)Significance of the Keynote address: kicks off convention, sets tone and exposes an “up and coming star” of the partySelection of the Nominee: as many ballots as it takes to get the majority support of delegatesAcceptance speeches: Accepts Picks the VP running mateCall for unity: get the party faithful fired up for the Fall election
5 STEP 4: Campaign against other Parties Formal start of the campaign : Kick off is the Labor Day weekend: the beginning of September; 8 weeks to package the candidateTime constraints: Campaign needs to decide its strategy for winning the elections; where to campaign, how to spend resources; swing states are states that can “swing” the election because they have more electoral votes or independent voters that can be swayed to vote for either partyUse of Media: Decide how and where to spend money; ads, radio, talk shows, TVDebates: A candidate has to decide if (s )he will participate; if so when, where, the format.
6 STEP 5: General Election Day America votes: Presidential elections are always the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November; every four years; always in even number yearsVoting: goes on all day and polls close at 8:00pmExit Polls: gets info about how people voted as they exit the polling placeMedia Coverage: As the east coast polls close, broadcasting the outcome can affect the west where the polls are still opened
7 STEP 6: Electoral College Electoral System: the people who really elect the presidentNumber of electoral votes needed to win: 270Electoral votes by state: number of representatives and+ 2 senators = electorsVote: Each states sends electors from the winning party to the capitol to vote for president on the first Monday after the 2nd Wed. in DecemberPlurality vs. majority: Most popular vote vs 50% +1Problems with the system: Popular vote doesn’t win; electors aren’t obligated to vote any one way; messy system if no one gets 270 electoral votes
8 STEP 7: Transition Period Lameduck President: Outgoing presidentPresident elect: Briefed by appropriate government agenciesSecret service protection: Full time police protection for president and familyTransition: Cabinet selected, inaugural address written; starts putting the staff in place. An office and staff is provided by the government
9 STEP 8: Inauguration When: January 20th Oath of office: Sworn in by Supreme Court Justice; gives the inaugural speech to inspire the country, Parade, if weather permits, the president and family walks down Pennsylvania Ave., assumes the jobInaugural Ball: There are many parties that take place that night; corporate sponsors; the president and VP and spouses go and make an appearance at all of them.