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How did Anxieties raised by the Cold War affect life in the United States ?

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Presentation on theme: "How did Anxieties raised by the Cold War affect life in the United States ?"— Presentation transcript:

1 How did Anxieties raised by the Cold War affect life in the United States ?

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3  People who believed in Communism but did not join the party  Some, feeling communism might destroy wealth and prosperity, accused people of being disloyal and subversive (overthrow gov’t)  Loyalty Oath and background ensued causing hundreds to lose their jobs

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5  Investigated film industry and other groups for communists  Studios blacklisted people ruining many careers  1957, the Supreme Court ruled that the Constitution does not give Congress unlimited power to investigate citizens’ private lives. Hollywood 10

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8  Advisor to President Roosevelt accused of being a spy and convicted of perjury.  confirmed suspicion that Soviet spies were working in the United States.  Led to more fear and accusation

9  charged with passing atomic secrets to the USSR. After a trial, both were executed  Some questioned whether the search for communists was going too far  some protested the severity of the sentence.

10  the practice of publicly accusing someone of subversive activities without sufficient evidence  creating a climate of fear

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13  On a scale from 1 to 10, how concerned do you think Americans should have been about the possibility of communist subversion and the presence of Soviet spies in the United States during the Cold War?  Do you think the United States had the right to complete background checks and require loyalty oaths of government employees? Why or why not?  Were the actions of the House Un-Americans Activities Committee appropriate? Why or why not?  Does the government ever have the right to limit or even take away some of our freedoms in order to keep us safe ?

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15  How might 1950s fifth graders have felt during a duck-and-cover lesson?  In what ways could such a lesson make you feel safer against the threat of a nuclear attack? What anxieties might have remained?  After learning to duck and cover, how might you have tried to change how you lived your life?  Why do you think the government would want to teach such a lesson to children?

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