Presentation on theme: "POWERPOINT PRESENTATION ON FRENCH REVOLUTION"— Presentation transcript:
1POWERPOINT PRESENTATION ON FRENCH REVOLUTION EVENTS AND CHARACTERSNAME: shyam dasCLASS: IX SEC: CROLL NO: 42
2STORMING OF THE BASTILLE On the morning of 14 July1789 the king rumours Spreadordered to open fire upon the citizens .Some 7,000 menand women gathered in front of The town hall and decidedto form a people’s militia .Finally the group of severalhundred people marched Toward the eastern part of thecity and stormed the Fortress-prison. Bastille was killed andthe prisoners Released. These days that followed saw morerioting Both in Paris and the Countryside ,When historians looked back ,they saw it as the Beginningof a chain of events that ultimately led to the Execution of theking in FRANCE.STORMING OF THE BASTILLE
3French society has been divided into 3 estates: FRENCH SOCIETY DURINGTHE LATE 18th CENTURYFrench society has been divided into 3 estates:1.Clergy2.Nobility3.Buisness classWorking classScholarsPeasantsArtisansLandless worker
4The Old RegimeThis cartoon from the era of the French Revolution depicts the third estate as a person in chains, who supports the clergy and nobility on his back
5Causes of the Revolution Long-standing resentments against the monarchyInequalities in societyExisting social and political structureCalled the Old Order, or ancient régimeKing at the top and estates under himKing Louis XVI, shy and indecisiveUnpopular, self-indulgent queen, Marie-AntoinetteRest of French society divided into three classes, called estates
6THE OUT BREAK OF THE REVOLUTION Ideas of liberty and equality from the American Revolution (note: Constitution was signed 2 yrs before in 1787)Enlightenment ideas of John Locke.Vast majority of people were broke and hungry.Vast majority were in the lowest estate.The part of the French Congress representing the third estate left and declared themselves THE congress of France. French created their own Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen modeled after TJ’s Declaration of Independence.The delegates argued the 578 delegates signed by it in the “TENNIS COURT OATH”. It said: The National Assembly, considering that it has been summoned to establish the constitution of the kingdom... decrees that all members of this assembly shall immediately take a solemn oath not to separate... until the constitution of the kingdom is established on firm foundations..." June 20, 1789
7POLITICAL SYMBOLS :SNAKE BITING ITS TAIL TO FORM A RING :THE BROKEN CHAIN:THE BUNDLE OFRODS OR FASCES:RED PHRYGIAN CAP:THE EYE WITHIN ATRIANGLE RADIATINGLIGHT:THE WINGED WOMAN:SCEPTRE:THE LAW TABLET
8FRANCE ABOLISHES MONARCHY AND BECOMES A REPUBLIC At the beginning of the revolution, the working men of Paris allowed the revolutionary bourgeoisie to lead themBut by 1790 the sans-culottes were beginning to be politically active in their own right.They were called sans-culottes (literally, without trousers) because the working men wore loose trousers instead of the tight knee breeches of the nobility.Eventually sans culottes came to refer to any revolutionary citizen.When the constitutional monarchy fell and he King was put on trial for treason in December, the Girondins argued against his execution.The Jacobins thought he needed to die to ensure the safety of the revolution.When the Jacobins were successful the tide turned against the Girondins.The Jacobins in the National Convention had 22 Girondin leaders arrested and executed. The Jacobins had won.After the death of Louis in 1793, the Reign of Terror began.Marie Antoinette led a parade of prominent and not-so-prominent citizens to their deaths. The guillotine, the new instrument of egalitarian justice, was put to work.This new government was called The Directory.It was far more conservative than the Jacobin republic had been.It was also ineffectual.Even the radical Jacobins, the supporters of Robespierre, come to feel that the Terror must be stopped.SANS-CULOTTES
9DID WOMAN HAVE A REVOLUTION Women’s March to Versailles:On October 4, 1789, a crowd of women, demanding bread for their families, marched toward Versailles.When they arrived, soaking wet from the rain, they demanded to see "the Baker," "the Baker's wife," and "the Baker's boy".The King met with some of the women and agreed to distribute all the bread in Versailles to the crowd.“Women are born free and equal in their rights....These rights are liberty, property, security and resistance to oppression.The fundamental source of all sovereignty resides in the nation.The law is the expression of the general will. All citizens have the right to take part personally, or through representatives, in the making of the law."OLYMPE DE GOUGES
10THE ABOLITION OF SLAVERY On 4 February 1794, the First Republic (Convention) voted for the abolition of slavery in all French colonies. The abolition decree stated that "the Convention declares the slavery of the Blacks abolished in all the colonies; consequently, all men, irrespective of color, living in the colonies are French citizens and will enjoy all the rights provided by the Constitution.“While Africans in America were still enduring the atrocities of slavery toward the end of the 18th century, the country of France was embroiled in a revolution that would yield a most-shocking result: on this day in 1794, a decree was put forth that called for the abolishment of slavery.
11“The Great Fear”Independent revolutionary agitation in the countrysideRumors of Royalist troops becoming wandering vandalsFear breeds fear and peasants start marchingWithin 3 weeks of July 14, the countryside of France had been completely changedAbolition of the Nobility
12Popular Political Mobilization Revolutionary Talk--More than 500 new newspapers--Oath of Loyalty-- “Liberty, Equality, Fraternity!”Revolutionary SymbolsRevolutionary Clubs--The JacobinsRevolutionary Leaders
13Legacies of the French Revolution A revolutionary modelA Mass political consciousnessVarying interpretations of the Revolution--Conservative View: Edmund Burke--Liberal View: Thomas JeffersonConflict within the Liberal Tradition“Libertarianism” vs. “Egalitarianism”
14THE REVOLUTION AND EVERDAY JEAN-PAUL MARATNAPOLEON BONAPARTERevolutionary ideas of equality and liberty transformed the clothes people wore, the language they spoke and books they read.With the abolition of censorship in 1789 and the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen in 1791, freedom of speech became a natural right. This led to the growth of newspapers, books, pamphlets and printed pictures.Freedom of the press enabled voicing of opinions and counter opinions.Art flourished in the form of paintings, plays, songs, and festive processions.Visual and oral art forms enabled even the common man who could not read and write to relate with the ideas of liberty, equality and justice.When Jean-Paul Marat, a Jacobin journalist who showed little regard for the truth, was arrested for attacking Girondins, the people of Paris turned even more toward the Jacobins.-Napoleon Bonaparte ( ) was a French military leader and emperor who conquered much of Europe in the early 19th century. Born on the island of Corsica, Napoleon rapidly rose through the ranks of the military during the French Revolution ( ). After seizing political power in France in a 1799 coup d’état, he crowned himself emperor in ,Napoleon successfully waged war against various coalitions of European nations and expanded his empire. However, after a disastrous French invasion of Russia in 1812, Napoleon abdicated the throne two years later and was exiled to the island of Elba.
15ENDING OF POWER POINT PRESENTATION ON FRENCH REVOLUTION. SOURCES: WIKIPEDIAGOOGLE SEARCH &GUIDE TO WORLD OFHISTORY.CO.INTHANK YOU