Agenda Extended Bellringer Notes: Radicalism and Reign of Terror Robespierre reading p. 18
Extended Bellringer Explain the difference between John Locke and Thomas Hobbes Define Divine Right Draw the estates system Define mercantilism List two reasons for the French Revolution Enlightenment ideas first inspired which revolution? Voltaire advocated what right? Montesquieu's solution to tyranny was: What does radical mean? Why was the storming of the Bastille symbolic?
Objectives Students will demonstrate an understanding of how the French Revolution was radical and the role that Robespierre played by completing an exit ticket
Step 1: Motive Enlightenment Deficit spending (starvation and poverty) Estates system unjust American Revolution
Step 2: Opportunity Third estate locked out of discussion with estates-general (tax structure) United in anger and frustration made Tennis Court Oath
Step 3: Action Here’s where things get interesting….
The Great Fear Starving peasants attacked nobles in the street with pitch forks and farm tools, destroyed their homes, stole belongings Nobles freaking
Storming of the Bastille Bastille: French Prison where arms were also stored Peasants broke down door, freed prisoners, killed guards, stole all the weapons, paraded down street with heads on sticks Now the angry, starving, poor peasants who have been assaulting nobles have GUNS
Bastille Day July 14 is a national holiday in France similar to July 4 in America We have independence day, they have Bastille Day Very symbolic
March on Versailles Peasants took the guns they had from Bastille and marched towards the palace of Versailles King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette attempted to flee France, were captured, returned to Paris, forced to sign new Constitution (created limited Monarchy) and were eventually beheaded.
Guillotine Invented by Dr. Joseph Guillotin Painless, humane death sentence Prisoners were paraded around Paris for 1.5 hours prior to beheading Some doctors believe the head can retain sight and hearing for up to 15 minutes after decapitation
Symbolism The dethroning and beheading of the King and Queen of France symbolized: – The changing of power – Radicalism – The force of the enlightenment – The power of the people
Agenda Bellringer Review Questions Vocabulary Timeline Declaration of Rights of Man p. 17
Review Q’s What were the causes of the French Revolution? – Enlightenment, estate system, American revolution, deficit spending What was the Tennis Court Oath? – Oath taken by members of third estate to stick up for themselves Who were the Jacobins? – Political party of Robespierre wanted radical change What was the reign of terror? – Time under Committee of Public Safety (Robespierre) in which anyone deemed an enemy of revolution was executed
Vocabulary Émigrés: Nobles who fled France during the Reign of terror Jacobins: Political group of radicals Coup D’Etat: Military takeover of government Self-Determination: people create their own destiny
New Constitution National Assembly wrote Declaration of Rights of Man and of Citizen Modeled after Declaration of Independence, full of Enlightenment ideas Rights of liberty, property, security, and resistance to oppression National slogan: Liberty, Equality, Fraternity
Radicals Rule France Maximilian Robespierre-started the Committee of Public Safety which was basically a 12 man panel that ran the country and killed lots of people Jacobins-believed in eliminating social classes and tried to give the people power Reign of Terror-went after people who were against the revolution but killed more of the 3rd estate than the 1st and 2nd estates. The Reign of Terror became a "witch hunt." The Reign of Terror ended with the beheading of Robespierre
Moderate Phase People were so tired of chaos and terror More than anything they craved peace and stability This will usher in a very powerful new leader who promises to restore French peace and greatness. A true nationalist…..
Timeline of Events (So far) Enlightenment American Revolution 3 rd Estate creates National Assembly (Tennis Court Oath) Great Fear, Storming of Bastille, March on Versailles Louis XVI and Marie forced to sign Declaration of Rights of Man and beheaded Robespierre and Committee on Public Safety institute Reign of Terror
Robespierre Reading Read page 189 in packet Create a timeline in your notes of Robespierre’s political life Show me when finished, DO NOT RIP OUT
Exit Ticket – Turn in! Why did peasants march to the Palace of Versailles, attack nobles during the Great Fear, and storm the Bastille? What was the significance of the beheading of the king and queen of France? Who was Maximilian Robespierre? What was the Reign of Terror?
Agenda Bellringer Review Questions Finish timeline Read/highlight/annotate Declaration of Rights of Man page 17 Add index card (Robespierre) Magic Square p. 15
Review Questions Identify two causes of the French Revolution – Enlightenment, Am. Rev, Estate system, deficit Who was Robespierre? – Ruler of France (Committee on Public Safety) after Louis XVI executed What was the Reign of Terror? – Executing of anyone perceived to be a threat to revolution What was the Tennis Court Oath? – Oath taken by national assembly to continue working towards reform in France What was the national assembly? – Members of third estate How much in taxes did the 3 rd estate pay? – 50%
Timeline First job today is to finish your timelines These will be worth 20 pts! (Quiz Grade!) Not on task (-5) Lack of effort (-5) Not colorful (-5) No name/illegible (-5)
Agenda Bellringer Review Questions Magic Square Vocab activity p. 15 Read/Highlight/Annotate Declaration of Rights of Man and of Citizen p. 17 Robespierre Index Card Notes: Rise of Napoleon Exit Ticket
Reminders Quiz tomorrow Turn in timelines asap (if you have not already)
Review Questions What is deficit spending? – Spending more than you have (credit/loans) Why is the storming of the Bastille symbolic? – Bastille was symbol of King’s strength, peasants destroyed it Name two enlightenment philosophes and what they believed in – Locke (natural rights), Montesquieu (separation of powers), Voltaire (speech), Rousseau (social contract) Name two philosophers who advocated absolute government – Hobbes and Machiavelli What was Peter the Great’s domestic policy goal? – Modernize Russia
Magic Square How well do you know your vocab? Independently, complete the magic square activity on page 15 If all columns and rows add up the same number then you have them all correct
Declaration of Rights of Man On page 17 of packet Read/highlight/annotate the document Identify the name of the philosophe that inspired parts of the passage Students should have at least 3 annotations When finished – raise hand for an index card
Index Cards Create an index card for your people pile Maximilian Robespierre Who was he? During what event? Results?