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 Very limited - no electricity, few tools, poor shelter  Mainly concerned with predators and shelter  Superstitious  illness and disease came from.

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Presentation on theme: " Very limited - no electricity, few tools, poor shelter  Mainly concerned with predators and shelter  Superstitious  illness and disease came from."— Presentation transcript:


2  Very limited - no electricity, few tools, poor shelter  Mainly concerned with predators and shelter  Superstitious  illness and disease came from supernatural spirits *exorcism  the ritual believed to force out evil spirits  Used plants and herbs as medicines - Digitalis, Quinine, Belladonna, Morphine

3  Earliest to keep accurate health records  Superstitious – called upon Gods to heal them  Learned to identify diseases  Learned to art of splinting fractures

4  First to study cause of disease  Understood the importance of searching for new info on diseases which helped eliminate superstition  Did not believe in dissection  Hippocrates: the father of medicine Based his knowledge of anatomy and physiology on observation of the external body Oath of Hippocrates or………….

5  Upstate medical University reciting the oath at graduation ceremonies  QJoeKU&feature=related QJoeKU&feature=related

6 I will prescribe regimens for the good of my patients according to my ability and my judgment and never do harm to anyone. I will not give a lethal drug to anyone if I am asked, nor will I advise such a plan; and similarly I will not give a woman a pessary to cause an abortion. But I will preserve the purity of my life and my arts. I will not cut for stone, even for patients in whom the disease is manifest; I will leave this operation to be performed by practitioners, specialists in this art. In every house where I come I will enter only for the good of my patients, keeping myself far from all intentional ill-doing and all seduction and especially from the pleasures of love with women or with men, be they free or slaves. All that may come to my knowledge in the exercise of my profession or in daily commerce with men, which ought not to be spread abroad, I will keep secret and will never reveal. If I keep this oath faithfully, may I enjoy my life and practice my art, respected by all men and in all times; but if I swerve from it or violate it, may the reverse be my lot.

7  Learned from the Greeks to develop a sanitation system – brought in water to the city through aqueducts and built sewers to remove waste. Also built public baths with filtering systems  First to organize medical care  Beginning of hospitals

8  Practice of Medicine stopped for 1,ooo years  Believed that life and death was in God’s hands  Medicine only practiced in convents and monasteries  Epidemics caused millions of deaths Bubonic plague Small pox Diphtheria Tuberculosis

9  New scientific progress began: Universities and Medical Schools Search for new ideas about disease Acceptance of dissection of the body  Dissection  process of dividing, taking apart  Printing Press and publishing of books allow great access to knowledge from research

10  Leonardo da Vinci Studied and recorded anatomy of the human body Vitruvian Man

11  William Harvey Described the circulation of blood and pumping of the heart  Gabriele Fallopius Fallopian tubes in the female anatomy  Bartolomeo Eustachio Eustachian tube, tube leading from the ear to the throat  Antonie van Leeuwenhoek Microscope

12  New ways of learning Lectures, labs, and observed patients at their bedside  Rene` Laenneuc Stethoscope  Joseph Priestley Oxygen, plants refresh air that has lost oxygen making it usable for resipration

13  Benjamin Franklin Bifocals, electricity, stove, urinary catheter  Edward Jenner Smallpox vaccine Lead to immunizations and preventative medicine in public health

14  Ignaz Semmelweis Proved that diseases could be transmitted from the dead to the living on the hands and aprons of doctors and nurses (childbed fever)  Louis Pasteur Discovered microorganisms and that they cause disease Pasteurization of milk  Joseph Lister Discovered antiseptic  substance that slows or stops the growth of microorganisms to help prevent infection

15  Ernst von Bergmann Asepsis  sterile conditions  Robert Koch Father of microbiology Importance of cleanliness and sanitation in preventing the spread of disease  Wilhelm Roentgen X-rays  Paul Ehrlich Use of chemicals to fight disease

16  Anesthesia  loss of feeling or sensation Before many people died of shock and pain Nitrous oxide, ether, and chloroform early forms These drugs put patients into a deep sleep so they do not experience pain Basis of safe, painless surgery today

17  Gerhard Domagk Suflanomide compounds – used for killing bacteria  Dmitri Ivanoski Viruses: polio, rabies, measles, flu, chicken pox  Sigmund Freud Conscious and unconscious mind, mind and body work together Psychosomatic illness – physical illness caused by emotional conflict.  Alexander Fleming Penicillin  Jonas Salk Dead polio vaccine  Albert Sabin Live polio vaccine

18  Florence Nightingale Began the first school of nursing  Clara Barton Founded the American Red Cross

19  Possibility of eliminating disabling disease through genetic research  Ability to transplant organs from a donor to a recipient  Ability to reattach severed body parts  Use of computers to aid in diagnosis, accurate record keeping, and research  Ability to use noninvasive techniques for diagnosis  Advancement of caring for the unborn fetus  Greater acceptance of alternative medicine  Hope for cures for diabetes, cancer, AIDS…

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