Presentation on theme: "Bell Ringer 一 Bell Ringer Today we start with paper boxing. Please title your paper “Citizenship: Just the Facts”. Put your first and last name in the."— Presentation transcript:
Bell Ringer 一 Bell Ringer Today we start with paper boxing. Please title your paper “Citizenship: Just the Facts”. Put your first and last name in the upper right-hand corner of the paper. Write “Citizenship” in the first box. Write “Naturalization” and the numbers 1-5 in the second box. Write “Rights” and the numbers 1-5 in the third box. Write “Responsibilities” and the numbers 1-5 in the fourth box. 3分3分
二 FACT CHECK Before we get started on today’s reading, I will show you a series of true / false questions. I need two volunteers to pass out T/F cards. They are on the back table.
二 Fact check 1. Naturalization is the process that allows you to be more natural. FALSE
二 Fact check 2. To be naturalized you must be under 18 years old. FALSE
二 Fact check 3. In 1791, the Bill of Rights was added to the Constitution. TRUE
二 Fact check 4. Women have always had the right to vote. FALSE
二 Fact check 5. Allegiance means loyalty to a person, country, or belief. TRUE
二 Fact check 6. People who serve in the U.S. Military at least a year can become citizens. TRUE
二 Fact check 7. Today, you must be 21 years old to vote. FALSE
二 Fact check 8. Martin Luther King, Jr. led a march to protest the lack of food in the South. FALSE
二 Fact check 9. Today, people can be citizens regardless of their race or gender. TRUE
二 Fact check 10. As citizens we have both rights and responsibilities. TRUE Pass your T/F cards all the way left and all the way back.
三 Citizenship: Just The Facts As I read aloud, please read silently along with me. Be on the lookout for underlined words that should be written into your notes.
Citizenship means to be a member of a nation or country, and to have full rights and responsibilities under the law. In the United States there are three ways to become a citizen: being born in the United States, having parents who are citizens of the United States, and going through a process called naturalization. (WRITE THE DEFINITION OF CITIZENSHIP IN THE CITIZENSHIP BOX)
(WRITE TWO OF THE FIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR NATURALIZATION IN THE NATURALIZATION BOX) Naturalization is the process that allows immigrants to become citizens. Most people who apply for citizenship fall into this category: they are over 18 years old and have been permanent residents of the United States for 5 years.
(WRITE THREE OF THE FIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR NATURALIZATION IN THE NATURALIZATION BOX) They must also have good character, speak English, and pass a civics test and an interview! The last step involves taking an Oath of Allegiance to the United States and our Constitution. There is one shortcut! People who serve in the U.S. military for at least one year can become citizens sooner, because they have demonstrated their commitment to the United States.
(WRITE THREE OF THE FIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR NATURALIZATION IN THE NATURALIZATION BOX) They must also have good character, speak English, and pass a civics test and an interview! The last step involves taking an Oath of Allegiance to the United States and our Constitution. There is one shortcut! People who serve in the U.S. military for at least one year can become citizens sooner, because they have demonstrated their commitment to the United States. Oath of Allegiance
NO NEED TO TAKE NOTES ON THIS ONE.
(IN THE RIGHTS BOX, WRITE FIVE RIGHTS THAT A U.S. CITIZEN HAS) In 1791, ten amendments, or changes, were added to the Constitution. These are called the Bill of Rights. They explain some of the rights we enjoy here in the United States, including freedom of speech, freedom of religion, freedom of the press, protection under the law, access to the judicial system, and more!
(IN THE RESPONSIBILITIES BOX, WRITE FIVE RESPONSIBILITIES THAT A U.S. CITIZEN HAS) Along with all these freedoms come some responsibilities, too. As citizens, we are responsible for doing things like serving on juries, obeying laws, tolerating differences in those around us, and participating in our government (like VOTING)!
(NO INSTRUCTIONS HERE, SO SIT BACK AND LISTEN) 1791 was a long time ago and not everyone was considered a citizen at that time. When the Bill of Rights was added to the Constitution only “free white persons” were considered citizens. In 1868, at the end of the Civil War, another amendment was added to the Constitution.
(NO INSTRUCTIONS HERE, SO SIT BACK AND LISTEN) This 14th Amendment granted citizenship to all people born in the United States. Over the next 100 years, citizenship was granted to Native Americans and children born to American parents outside the United States. In 1952, the U.S. Congress passed a law to say that citizenship could not be denied because of a person’s race or gender.
四 My Idea of Oath You may work with one other person. Do not move the desks. If you and your partner had your own country, what are three things you would ask citizens to promise? Write down your oaths on the back of your page. If you remember what the U.S. oath said and you want to steal some from there, that is fine. You and your partner do not need the same three oaths.
五 五 Matching Citizenships I need eight volunteers. Please stand next to your desk quietly.
五 五 Matching Citizenships 1. Originally, the only people allowed to vote were _____________________________________. 2. The case that said that African-Americans brought into the country as slaves could never be citizens was _____________________________________. property ownersBrown v. Board of Education property owning, white malesDred Scott v. Sandford white malesNew Jersey v T.L.O.
五 五 Matching Citizenships 3. “Free, white persons” that had lived in the US for five years were given citizenship in ___________. 4. Dred Scott v. Sandford was overruled in ________ th Amendment th Amendment th Amendment
五 五 Matching Citizenships 5. The 15th Amendment to the Constitution gives African Americans _________________________. 6. Women were given the right to vote by the _____. the benefits of citizenship14 th Amendment the reward of property15 th Amendment the right to vote19 th Amendment
五 五 Matching Citizenships 7. According to the 26th Amendment you can vote if you are over the __________________________. 8. Martin Luther King, Jr. led a protest against ______. age of 16lack of voting rights age of 18poor conditions in factories age of 21World War II