Presentation on theme: "THE MIDDLE AGES. AN AGREEMENT BETWEEN LORDS AND VASSALS - VASSAL GET LAND (FIEF) - MUST TAKE OATH OF LOYALTY - PROMISE OF MILITARY AID -PAY HOMAGE - SERFS/PEASANTS."— Presentation transcript:
THE MIDDLE AGES
AN AGREEMENT BETWEEN LORDS AND VASSALS - VASSAL GET LAND (FIEF) - MUST TAKE OATH OF LOYALTY - PROMISE OF MILITARY AID -PAY HOMAGE - SERFS/PEASANTS TAKE OATH TO SERVE VASSAL SET UP MANOR -USED AS MILITARY, FARMERS -ALL JOBS AS WELL -SERFS OATH WAS TO VASSAL -PAYS HOMAGE TO VASSAL -VASSAL USES IT TO PAY HOMAGE TO LORD WHO PAYS KING -
POPE URBAN II LAUNCH 1095 WIN JERUSALEM IN TOTAL CRUSADES NONE MORE SUCCESSFUL THAN THE FIRST
Frankish King 46 yr reign, warrior King loved to fight. Over 50 campaigns Dominated Europe Revived government and education Not religious until 800 Pope asks for help crowns him Holy Roman Emperor (HRE) Christian King Ruling Christian people Huge kingdom need strong government
Disease spread by rats Comes from the East Devastating effects on population First appears in 1347 in Italy Throughout Europe by 1353 Proximity made it spread faster Killed within days 34% of population of Europe dies
King John King John rules after Norman conquest of England Cruel and greedy King. Fought many battles and lost Forced nobles to pay high taxes Killed those who did not Angry nobles force John to sign Magna Carta Magna Carta King gives nobles certain rights. Monarch must obey the law Protect the legal rights of people trial by jury no unjust prison speedy trial can’t raise taxes without permission of nobles
French power and development Lasted off and on for 117 years Battled for control of France Established French control of mainland Europe and removed British control
Peasant girl who leads France to several victories Betrayed by Charles VII given over to British Put on trial Put to death for heresy Rallied French forces to victory Helps develop nationalism
Common law vs. Cannon law Henry II vs Innocent III
7 sacraments helps church control people -All people involved -Covers every aspect of life.
LAY (COMMON PERSON NOT PART OF A GROUP) INVESTITURE ( Invest or present people with certain Power) Clerical power in this instance Battle between Pope Gregory and Holy Roman Emporer Henry IV Only the Pope could appoint and install bishops into office Henry IV Bishops as royal Lords and under his control
Ancient greek way of learning that was Used in Medieval Europe, school of thought that used logic and reason to support Christian beliefs.