2FEUDALISM AN AGREEMENT BETWEEN LORDS AND VASSALS - VASSAL GET LAND (FIEF)- MUST TAKE OATH OF LOYALTY- PROMISE OF MILITARY AIDPAY HOMAGESERFS/PEASANTS TAKE OATHTO SERVE VASSALSET UP MANORUSED AS MILITARY, FARMERSALL JOBS AS WELLSERFS OATH WAS TO VASSALPAYS HOMAGE TO VASSALVASSAL USES IT TO PAYHOMAGE TO LORD WHO PAYS KING
4NONE MORE SUCCESSFUL THAN THE FIRST THE CRUSADESPOPE URBAN IILAUNCH 1095WIN JERUSALEM IN 10994 TOTAL CRUSADESNONE MORE SUCCESSFUL THAN THE FIRST
5Frankish King 46 yr reign, warrior King loved to fight Frankish King 46 yr reign, warrior King loved to fight. Over 50 campaignsDominated EuropeRevived government and educationNot religious until 800 Pope asks for help crowns him Holy Roman Emperor (HRE) Christian King Ruling Christian peopleHuge kingdom need strong governmentCHARLEMAGNE
6THE BLACK PLAGUE Proximity made it spread faster Killed within days 34% of population of Europe diesDisease spread by ratsComes from the EastDevastating effects on populationFirst appears in 1347 in ItalyThroughout Europe by 1353
7MAGNA CARTA King John rules after Norman conquest of England Cruel and greedy King.Fought many battles and lostForced nobles to pay high taxesKilled those who did notAngry nobles force John to sign Magna CartaMagna CartaKing gives nobles certain rights.Monarch must obey the lawProtect the legal rights of peopletrial by juryno unjust prisonspeedy trialcan’t raise taxes without permission of noblesKing JohnMAGNA CARTA
8HUNDRED YEARS' WARFrench power and developmentLasted off and on for 117 yearsBattled for control of FranceEstablished French control of mainland Europe and removed British control
9JOAN OF ARC Peasant girl who leads France to several victories Betrayed by Charles VII given over to BritishPut on trialPut to death for heresyRallied French forces to victoryHelps develop nationalism
10Common law vs. Cannon law Henry II vs Innocent III THOMAS BECKETCommon law vs. Cannon lawHenry II vs Innocent III
11sacraments 7 sacraments helps church control people All people involvedCovers every aspect of life.
12LAY INVESTITURE LAY (COMMON PERSON NOT PART OF A GROUP) INVESTITURE ( Invest or present people with certain Power) Clerical power in this instanceBattle between Pope Gregory and Holy Roman Emporer Henry IVOnly the Pope could appoint and install bishops into officeHenry IV Bishops as royal Lords and under his control
13ScholasticismAncient greek way of learning that was Used in Medieval Europe, school of thought that used logic and reason to support Christian beliefs.