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1 Ethics In The Criminal Justice System Introduction To Criminal Justice (CRJ1010) (Student’s Name Here) (Student’s Name Here)

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Presentation on theme: "1 Ethics In The Criminal Justice System Introduction To Criminal Justice (CRJ1010) (Student’s Name Here) (Student’s Name Here)"— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Ethics In The Criminal Justice System Introduction To Criminal Justice (CRJ1010) (Student’s Name Here) (Student’s Name Here)

2 2 Table Of Contents  What Is Ethics? (Pg.3)  Purpose Served In The Justice System? (Pg.4)  Purpose Served In The Justice System? Continued (Pg.5)  Common Problems Faced (Pg.6)  Taking Oath (Pg.7)  Divisions In The Criminal Justice System (Pg.8)  The Police System (Pg.9)  The Police System Continued (Pg.10)  Law Enforcement Code Of Ethics (Pg.11)  Court System (Pg.12)  Court System Continued (Pg.13)  Corrections Facilities (Pg.14)  What is Probation (Pg.15)  Ethical Issues Regarding Probation (Pg.16)  What is Parole (Pg.17)  Ethical Issues Regarding Parole (Pg.18)  Correction System Dilemmas (Pg.19)  Current Police Misconduct Rate In The United States (Pg.20)  References (Pg.21)  References Continued (Pg.22)

3 3 What Is Ethics? Ethics or “Moral Philosophy”, is a branch of philosophy concerned with the study of questions of right and wrong and how we ought to live. Ethics involves making moral judgments about what is right or wrong, good or bad. Right and wrong are qualities or moral judgments we assign to actions and conduct. Ethics or “Moral Philosophy”, is a branch of philosophy concerned with the study of questions of right and wrong and how we ought to live. Ethics involves making moral judgments about what is right or wrong, good or bad. Right and wrong are qualities or moral judgments we assign to actions and conduct.

4 4 Purpose Served In The Justice Systems The study of ethics helps criminal justice professionals quickly recognize the ethical consequences of various actions and the moral principles involved. Only through studying ethics is it possible to define unethical behavior. A full understanding of ethical behavior demonstrates that it includes not only “bad” or “evil” acts, but also inaction that allows “bad” or “evil” to occur. Professionals in the criminal justice system must be aware of ethical standards in carrying out their functions. Ethics is crucial in decisions involving discretion, force, and due process, because criminal justice professionals can be tempted to abuse their powers.

5 5 Purpose Served In The Justice System Continued…. Understanding ethics enables an appreciation of the complexities of acts that involve ethical issues and dilemmas. Understanding ethics enables an appreciation of the complexities of acts that involve ethical issues and dilemmas. Without knowledge of ethics, criminal justice professionals may be naive about moral issues occurring within the criminal justice system. Without knowledge of ethics, criminal justice professionals may be naive about moral issues occurring within the criminal justice system.

6 6 Common Problems Faced All agents of the criminal justice system face difficult problems involving moral choice : > The use of deadly force > The use of deadly force > Conformity to the rules of one’s office > Conformity to the rules of one’s office > The decision to prosecute > The decision to prosecute > Participation in plea bargaining > Participation in plea bargaining > Representation of the guilty > Representation of the guilty > The imposition of punishment. > The imposition of punishment.

7 7 Taking Oath Oath: - a statement of fact or a promise calling upon something or someone that the oath maker considers sacred (usually God) as a witness to the binding nature of the promise, or the truth of the statement of fact. Oath: - a statement of fact or a promise calling upon something or someone that the oath maker considers sacred (usually God) as a witness to the binding nature of the promise, or the truth of the statement of fact. Swear: to take an oath or to make a solemn vow. Swear: to take an oath or to make a solemn vow. When taking an oath, one must stand up with their left hand on a Holy Bible and their right hand flat in the air. When taking an oath, one must stand up with their left hand on a Holy Bible and their right hand flat in the air. They will be asked “ Do you swear to tell the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth, so help you God?" They will be asked “ Do you swear to tell the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth, so help you God?" That person will respond with yes then take a seat as the trial begins. That person will respond with yes then take a seat as the trial begins. [ Note: An oath ensures the person on trial will use ethics honestly to answer any questions presented ].

8 8 Divisions In The Criminal Justice System Three Components Police Police Courts Courts Corrections Corrections

9 9 The Police System  The term police refers to many agencies at each level of agencies at each level of government; government;  The complexity of the criminal justice system can be seen in justice system can be seen in the large number of the large number of organizations engaged in law organizations engaged in law enforcement; enforcement;  There are 50 federal law enforcement agencies in the enforcement agencies in the United States and 17,876 state United States and 17,876 state and local law enforcement and local law enforcement agencies; agencies;  49 states have police agencies (Hawaii has no state police) (Hawaii has no state police)

10 10 The Police System Continued Each Police System Uses Ethics When Facing the Following Major Duties: 1.Keeping the peace: This broad and important mandate involves the protection of rights and persons in situations ranging from street-corner brawls to domestic quarrels. 2.Apprehending violators and combating crime: This is the task that the public most often associates with police work, although it accounts for only a small portion of police time and resources. 3.Preventing crime: By educating the public about the threat of crime and reducing the number of situations in which crimes are likely to be committed, the police can lower the rate of crime. 4.Providing social services: Police officers recover stolen property, direct traffic, give emergency medical aid, help people who have locked themselves out of their homes, and provide other social services.

11 11 Law Enforcement Code Of Ethics As a Law Enforcement Officer, my fundamental duty is to serve mankind; to safeguard lives and property; to protect the innocent against deception, the weak against oppression or intimidation, and the peaceful against violence or disorder; and to respect the Constitutional rights of all men to liberty, equality and justice. I will keep my private life unsullied as an example to all; maintain courageous calm in the face of danger, scorn, or ridicule; develop self-restraint; and be constantly mindful of the welfare of others. Honest in thought and deed in both my personal and official life, I will exemplary in obeying the laws of the land and the regulations of my department. Whatever I see or hear of a confidential nature or that is confided me in my official capacity will be kept ever secret unless revelation is necessary in the performance of my duty. I will never act officiously or permit personal feelings, prejudices, animosities or friendships to influence my decisions. With no compromise for crime and the relentless prosecution of criminals, I will enforce the law courteously and appropriately without fear of favor, malice or ill will, never employing unnecessary force or violence and never accepting gratuities. I recognize the badge of my office as a symbol of public faith, and I accept it as a public trust to be held so long as I am true to the ethics of the police service. I will constantly strive to achieve these objectives and ideals dedicating myself before God to my chosen profession...law enforcement.

12 12 Court Systems United States has a dual court system United States has a dual court system - State & Federal - State & Federal U.S. Supreme Court is responsible for correcting errors made in all other court systems. U.S. Supreme Court is responsible for correcting errors made in all other court systems. They can review cases from both the state and federal courts, but they will only hear cases involving federal law or constitutional rights. They can review cases from both the state and federal courts, but they will only hear cases involving federal law or constitutional rights.

13 13 Court Systems Continued Courts are Responsible for the following: Courts are Responsible for the following: Adjudication- Adjudication- In determining whether or In determining whether or not a defendant is guilty; not a defendant is guilty; Must use ethics to produce Must use ethics to produce reliable decisions; reliable decisions; Imposing sentences that Imposing sentences that are appropriate to the are appropriate to the behavior being punished; behavior being punished; Must follow the Must follow the substantive and procedural substantive and procedural rules of law. rules of law.

14 14 Corrections Facilities Run by a variety of federal, state and local governments. Run by a variety of federal, state and local governments. Less than 30% of convicted offenders are in prisons and jails. Less than 30% of convicted offenders are in prisons and jails. The rest are being supervised in the community with: The rest are being supervised in the community with: - Probation & Parole - Probation & Parole

15 15 What is Probation ?  Probation is a form community supervision in which an offender is allowed to remain in the community but must abide by certain restrictions, such as finding employment or abstaining from alcohol use.

16 16 Ethical Issues Regarding Probation Pros: Gives offender another chance;  Greater financial savings to governments rather than incarcerating offender; rather than incarcerating offender;  Decreases the stigma caused by incarceration;  Provides greater lifetime opportunities for offender, (such as employment). offender, (such as employment). Cons:  Does probation serve justice;  Does probation satisfy victims;  Does probation provide the necessary deterrent affect to prevent future offenses; prevent future offenses;  Does probation leave offender believing that punishment is not severe. is not severe.

17 17 What is Parole ?  Parole is the conditional release of an inmate from incarceration, under supervision, after part of the prison sentence has been served.

18 18 Ethical Issues Regarding Parole Pros:  Early release gives offenders another chance to move on with their lives; with their lives;  Greater financial benefit to governments if not housed in prisons; prisons;  Financially feasible to governments to get offenders back into employment and paying government taxes; into employment and paying government taxes;  Financially feasible for offenders to support families and often gets them off government entitlements; them off government entitlements;  Early release relieves overcrowded prison systems. Cons:  Society generally believes parole allows convicted offenders to avoid serving the sentence imposed by the courts; avoid serving the sentence imposed by the courts;  Victims of offenders vehemently oppose early releases and desire full sentences to be served. desire full sentences to be served.  Many believe parole circumvents the intent of the codified law.

19 19 Correction System Dilemmas Correctional officers in prisons and jails often face ethical dilemmas everyday. Correctional officers in prisons and jails often face ethical dilemmas everyday. One very common ethical issue that arises in correctional facilities is the invitation to commit sexual misconduct. One very common ethical issue that arises in correctional facilities is the invitation to commit sexual misconduct.

20 20 Current Police Misconduct Rate In The United States

21 21 References  Albanese, Jay S. Title: Professional Ethics in Criminal Justice; 2008 Title: Professional Ethics in Criminal Justice; 2008  Cole, George F. & Smith, Christopher E. Title: Criminal Justice In America; 2008 Title: Criminal Justice In America; 2008  Lab, Steven, et al Title: Criminal Justice: The Essentials; 2011 Title: Criminal Justice: The Essentials; 2011

22 22 References Continued  Merlo, Alida V. Title: What’s Wrong With The Criminal Justice System: Title: What’s Wrong With The Criminal Justice System: Ideology, Politics, And The Media; 2000 Ideology, Politics, And The Media; 2000  Surette, Ray Title: Media, Crime, And Criminal Justice; 1998 Title: Media, Crime, And Criminal Justice; 1998


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