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WHY DID THE SOUTH LOSE THE CIVIL WAR? Daily Quote &Question (DQ 2 ) “It is good that war is so horrible, or we might grow to like it.” -ROBERT E. LEE.

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Presentation on theme: "WHY DID THE SOUTH LOSE THE CIVIL WAR? Daily Quote &Question (DQ 2 ) “It is good that war is so horrible, or we might grow to like it.” -ROBERT E. LEE."— Presentation transcript:

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2 WHY DID THE SOUTH LOSE THE CIVIL WAR? Daily Quote &Question (DQ 2 ) “It is good that war is so horrible, or we might grow to like it.” -ROBERT E. LEE 2 SONGS FOR THE DAY: 1. REUNITED 2

3 “It is good that war is so horrible, or we might grow to like it.” -ROBERT E. LEE “It is good that war is so horrible, or we might grow to like it.” -ROBERT E. LEE SONG FOR THE DAY: REUNITED Daily Comment & Card WADE-DAVIS BILL - Proposal to reunite the country by Senators Wade & Davis -Required 50 percent of a state’s white male voters to take a loyalty oath -Lincoln “pocket-vetoed” the bill in favor of his 10% plan that allowed much quicker restoration (required only 10% of a states citizens take oath of loyalty before state government formed)

4 “It is good that war is so horrible, or we might grow to like it.” -ROBERT E. LEE “It is good that war is so horrible, or we might grow to like it.” -ROBERT E. LEE SONG FOR THE DAY: LET’S STAY TOGETHER Daily Comment & Card CIVIL WAR AMENDMENTS -Thirteenth (1865) abolished slavery in the U.S. -Fourteenth (1868) African Americans became citizens and could not be denied life, liberty, or property without due process -Fifteenth (1870) No state could deny the right to vote on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude

5 “It is good that war is so horrible, or we might grow to like it.” -ROBERT E. LEE “It is good that war is so horrible, or we might grow to like it.” -ROBERT E. LEE SONG FOR THE DAY: REUNITED Daily Comment & Card WADE-DAVIS BILL CIVIL WAR AMENDMENTS - Proposal to reunite the country by Senators Wade & Davis -Required 50 percent of a state’s white male voters to take a loyalty oath -Lincoln “pocket-vetoed” the bill in favor of his 10% plan that allowed much quicker restoration (required only 10% of a states citizens take oath of loyalty before state government formed) -Thirteenth (1865) abolished slavery in the U.S. -Fourteenth (1868) African Americans became citizens and could not be denied life, liberty, or property without due process -Fifteenth (1870) No state could deny the right to vote on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude

6 The Rebuilding of the South; Restoring the Southern states to the Union. Begins during the war and ends with the Compromise of 1877

7 The effects of the war…  THE UNION IS PRESERVED  SLAVERY IS ABOLISHED  ½ MILLION SOLDIERS DIED  SOUTHERN FARMS AND CITIES IN RUINS 1/3 OF THE MEN IN THE SOUTH

8 LINCOLN’S PLAN FOR RECONSTRUCTION: 10% PLAN When: -10% swear allegiance -a new state constitution is adopted, when they -13 th amendment ratified it’s over… Pardons for Confederates who swear allegiance and accept the 13 th amendment RADICAL REPUBLICANS THOUGHT IT WAS WAY TOO LENIENT!! B. FIGHTING FOR CONTROL

9 JOHNSON REMOVED THE 10% REQUIREMENT, PARDONED LEADERS OF THE CONFEDERACY.. POWER STRUGGLE WITH CONGRESS!! WHEN JOHNSON FIRES STANTON, THE CONGRESS MOVES FOR IMPEACHMENT...

10 JOHNSON KEEPS HIS OFFICE BY ONE VOTE, BUT THE POWER SHIFTS FROM THE PRESIDENCY TO CONGRESS AND THE RADICAL REPUBLICANS… U.S. Grant is elected in 1868 and then again in 1872.

11 FREEDMEN’S BUREAU HELPED SET UP AFRICAN-AMERICAN SCHOOLS AND CHURCHES. WORKED TO LEGALIZE MARRIAGES. BUILT SCHOOLS, PROVIDED CLOTHING & MEALS, PROVIDED MEDICINE…

12 CARPETBAGGERS: NORTHERNERS WHO MOVED IN TO THE SOUTH TO TAKE ADVANTAGE OF OPPORTUNITY DURING RECONSTRUCTION SCALAWAGS:SOUTHERNERS WHO SUPPPORTED RECONSTRUCTION POLICIES

13 HOW DID THE SOUTH ATTEMPT TO PRESERVE PRE- WAR CULTURE? SOCIALLY BLACK CODES LICENSING VAGRANCY LAWS JIM CROW LAWS C. PRESERVING SOUTHERN CULTURE

14 BLACK CODES RESTRICT THE ACTIVITIES OF FREED SLAVES LICENSING KEEPS FREED SLAVES FROM OBTAINING WORK OTHER THAN THAT DONE WHEN THEY WERE SLAVES: AGRICULTURAL OR DOMESTIC ONLY VAGRACY LAWS MAKE IT EASY TO ARREST AFRICAN- AMERICANS FOR DOING NOTHING…

15 JIM CROW LAWS KEEP THE AFRICAN-AMERICAN AND CAUCASIAN RACES SEPARATE…

16 HOW DID THE SOUTH ATTEMPT TO PRESERVE PRE- WAR CULTURE? SOCIALLY ECONOMICALLY BLACK CODES LICENSING VAGRANCY LAWS SHARECROPPING TENANT FARMERS

17 SHARECROPPING REPLACES TRADITIONAL SLAVERY WITH “ECONOMIC SLAVERY” TENANT FARMING (RENTING FARMLAND) KEEPS FREED SLAVES IN THE SAME PLACES THEY HAD WORKED AS SLAVES. SHARECROPPERS GAVE UP 2/5 OF THEIR CROPS TO THE LAND OWNER…

18 HOW DID THE SOUTH ATTEMPT TO PRESERVE PRE- WAR CULTURE? SOCIALLY ECONOMICALLY POLITICALLY BLACK CODES LICENSING VAGRANCY LAWS SHARECROPPING TENANT FARMERS KU KLUX KLAN

19 THE KKK WAS ORGANIZED BY X-CONFEDERATE SOLDIERS TO TRY AND KEEP AFRICAN-AMERICANS FROM REALIZING AND UTILIZING THEIR RIGHTS… THEY WERE A TERRORIST ORGANIZATION THAT TRIED TO CONTOL FREED SLAVES AND KEEP THEM “IN THEIR PLACE.” SAME ACTIVITIES, DIFFERENT NAMES: PALE FACES, KNIGHTS OF THE WHITE CAMELIA… FORREST GUMP’S MOMMA NAMED HIM AFTER NATHAN BEDFORD FORREST.

20 E. THE END OF RECONSTRUCTION THE ELECTION OF 1876 CAUSED PROBLEMS… SAMUEL J. TILDEN (DEMOCRAT) RUTHERFORD B. HAYES (REPUBLICAN) DISPUTED VOTES THROW THE ELECTION INTO THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES… IN THE COMPROMISE OF 1877, HAYES IS GIVEN THE PRESIDENCY IN RETURN FOR THE END OF RECONSTRUCTION IN THE SOUTH

21 WHY WOULD THE NORTH AGREE?  PEOPLE ARE TIRED OF THE WAR AND SACRIFICE  SCANDALS HAUNT THE GRANT ADMINISTRATION  CORRUPT SOUTHERN GOVERNMENTS  AMERICA HAS A SHORT ATTENTION SPAN

22 RESULTS OF RECONSTRUCTION SUCCESSFAILURE UNION IS RESTORED AND SOUTH IS REBUILT BITTERNESS DEVELOPS BETWEEN NORTH & SOUTH SOUTHERN ECONOMY IS STIMULATEDRACIST ATTITUDES IN BOTH NORTH & SOUTH AFRICAN-AMERICAN HAVE CITIZENSHIP SOUTH DENIES AFRICAN-AMERICANS THE VOTE AFRICAN-AMERICANS FAMILIES GET HOUSING, JOBS, SCHOOLING FREED SLAVES ABANDONED WITH END OF RECONSTRUCTION SOUTHERN STATES REJOIN CONGRESS AS EQUAL DEMOCRATS RETURN TO POWER WITH “SOLID SOUTH” INDUSTRY & CITIES ON THE RISEAFRICAN-AMERICANS LACK PROPERTY/ECO OPPORTUNITY ACCESS TO PUBLIC EDUCATION INCREASES SEGREGATION BECOMES THE NORM F.

23 FREED VOTE CITIZENS


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