Presentation on theme: "Europe in the Middle Ages--Chivalry Day 15 Skinny 29-30 Day 16 Skinny 31-32."— Presentation transcript:
Europe in the Middle Ages--Chivalry Day 15 Skinny Day 16 Skinny 31-32
Duties of Lords and Vassals Primary Source Reading “The Duties of Lords and Vassals”—Letter from Bishop Fulbert In the year 1020, Bishop Fulbert of Chartres wrote this letter to William, Duke of Aquitaine, in southern France. This is the earliest surviving document explaining the bond between lords and vassals. Read, thinking about what “fealty” means in today's language. Answer Discussion Questions 1 & 2 on note paper. – #table of contents
Oath of Fealty Thus shall one take the oath of fidelity: By the Lord before whom this sanctuary is holy, I will to N. be true and faithful, and love all which he loves and shun all which he shuns, according to the laws of God and the order of the world. Nor will I ever with will or action, through word or deed, do anything which is unpleasing to him, on condition that he will hold to me as I shall deserve it, and that he will perform everything as it was in our agreement when I submitted myself to him and chose his will. An Anglo Saxon Form of Commendation [from Schmidt: Gesetze der Angelsachsen, p. 404]
Oath of Citizenship I hereby declare, on oath, that I absolutely and entirely renounce and abjure all allegiance and fidelity to any foreign prince, potentate, state, or sovereignty of whom or which I have heretofore been a subject or citizen; that I will support and defend the Constitution and laws of the United States of America against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; that I will bear arms on behalf of the United States when required by law; that I will perform noncombatant service in the Armed Forces of the United States when required by the law; that I will perform work of national importance under civilian direction when required by the law; and that I take this obligation freely without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion; so help me God.
Name ___________________ Period ___ CATEGORY(IES) to which it belongs Properties/Characteristics—Describe it VOCABULARY WORD feudalism EXPLAIN WHO, WHAT, WHEN, WHERE, WHY
Computers See laptop etiquette Gaggle Full name plus last two of student
Interactive Map From page 359 in softcover text
What do you remember about…? Teams—Use your softcover text or notes if you need it. How does the economic system of the manor work? In what region of Europe did the Franks settle? What religion did the Franks become? What kind of government did the Franks have? What did monasteries do for society? Who did the military fighting during the Middle Ages?
Knights Age 7, sons of nobles are sent to another lord's castle Page—served the noble and learned fighting skills Around age 14 Squire—served a knight Around age 21 Knight—exchanges military service for a fief from the lord's estate Which is he?
Knights Work 40 days a year fighting other nobles in their lord's private army After that they work as vassals taking care of the fief their lord granted them Practiced for battle by hunting, wrestling, swordplay
Warriors on Horseback Saddles with stirrups (an Asian invention from about 200B.C) Stirrups provide stability to use weapons
Tournaments Young knights traveled to tournaments Jousting and other war games between opposing knights
Chivalry Knights loyalty to three masters --Feudal lord --Heavenly Lord --Chosen lady
Chivalry The knight was to be Brave, loyal and courteous And always defend the weak and poor
Castle siege See p. 366 (softcover text) for siege technology
When they weren't battling... Epic poetry idealized castle life Love poems and songs were popular (Ex. of chivalry--knight's devotion to his beautiful and pure lady) Troubadours—poet/musicians who toured the castles of Europe So who is a modern day troubadour?
Epic Poetry—“The Song of Roland”
Epic Poetry The Song of Roland, one of the earliest medieval epic poems, was written in France in about The poem is based on an incident during Charlemagne’s wars against Muslims in Spain. Read on p. 367 from the poem? How does this show chivalry? Listen to this and imagine what the knight Roland looked like. It is the end of day, and full of light, armsarmor arms and armor are ablaze in the sun, hauberkshelmets and fire flashes from hauberks and helmets, shields, painted fair with flowers and from those shields, painted fair with flowers, lancesgold-dressed gonfalons and from those lances, those gold-dressed gonfalons.
It is the end of day, and full of light, armsarmor arms and armor are ablaze in the sun, hauberkshelmets and fire flashes from hauberks and helmets, shields, painted fair with flowers and from those shields, painted fair with flowers, lancesgold-dressed gonfalons and from those lances, those gold-dressed gonfalons. hauberk arms (sword), helmet and armor
It is the end of day, and full of light, armsarmor arms and armor are ablaze in the sun, hauberkshelmets and fire flashes from hauberks and helmets, shields, painted fair with flowers and from those shields, painted fair with flowers, lancesgold-dressed gonfalons and from those lances, those gold-dressed gonfalons. gonfalon shield Knights in tournament using lances
Planner pages-- #table of contents Read about the lives of noblewomen and peasant women in “Analyzing Primary Sources” on p. 368 and the paragraphs on p Write a planner page for each. Each page should have a schedule of what the woman would do on a typical day.