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Reconstruction. The Destruction of the War Presidential Reconstruction HAbraham Lincoln H Wartime acts H Emancipation Proclamation* HWar still in doubt.

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Presentation on theme: "Reconstruction. The Destruction of the War Presidential Reconstruction HAbraham Lincoln H Wartime acts H Emancipation Proclamation* HWar still in doubt."— Presentation transcript:

1 Reconstruction

2 The Destruction of the War

3 Presidential Reconstruction HAbraham Lincoln H Wartime acts H Emancipation Proclamation* HWar still in doubt HFugitive slaves HSlaves boost Confed. Cause HNorthern morale HPublic opinion HFrance and Britain HMorality

4 Presidential Reconstruction HLincoln - 10% Plan* H 10% loyalty oath H Abolish slavery H Northern opposition HWade-Davis Bill* H50% Ironclad oath H13th Amendment

5 Presidential Reconstruction HAndrew Johnson* H General pardon H Col. M.F. Pleasants* H Voting = state issue H Secession illegal H Repudiate Confed. debt H Abolish slavery

6 Black Codes* HWhy? H Control H Disregard federal govt. H Fear black retaliation H Labor supply H Racism HExamples: H Freedmen no testify vs. whites H Vagrancy laws H Taxes H Whipped H Blacks called “servant”, whites called “master”

7 Johnson’s declining popularity HMemphis riot* HDisputes with Congress H Freedmen’s Bureau H Civil Rights bill H 14th Amendment §1866 Civil Rights Act § th Amendment HCitizenship for all persons - regardless of race - born or naturalized in US HForbade states from abridging privileges of citizens HGuaranteed due process of the law HEqual protection of the law H“Swing Around the Circle”*, 1866

8 Congressional Reconstruction HRadical Republicans H Who were they? HThaddeus Stevens, PA HCharles Sumner, MA H What were their goals? HProtection of freedmen and supporters HFull citizenship of freedmen HWin conservative support HSome extreme views HStrip Southerners of citizenship HConfiscate land

9 Congressional Reconstruction HThe Stevens Plan* H Federal officials supervise elections H Blacks vote H Whites stripped of citizenship

10 Congressional Reconstruction H1867 Congressional Reconstruction Act H 5 military districts H Military make arrests, trials H Military directs constitutions H Not extremely radical

11 Johnson Impeachment HImpeachment of Johnson H Radical crusade HFailure: H Bring down presidential office H Lack of clear crime H Successor = Ben Wade H Lawyers H Johnson quiet

12 Reconstruction Laws & Acts § th Amendment l Forbade states to deny any citizen the right to vote on grounds of race, color, or previous condition of servitude

13 Decline of the Radicals HSmall in number HJohnson quiet HRadicals divided HTrouble staying in office HDeath HU.S. Grant H Scandals: political appointments, favors to businessmen and railroads

14 New Leadership in the South HGrant presidency H Northern military H Freedmen’s Bureau H Carpetbaggers, scalawags, black politicians H 1870, Union restored HBlack politicians H 22 Congressmen H Too few for great impact

15 Republican Reconstruction HPositive aspects: H Public education H Efficiency of government H Public buildings, roads, manufacturing H Social services (orphanages, hospitals, welfare) H Capital/investment H Political democracy

16 Republican Reconstruction HDecline 1870s H Other concerns H Corruption, depression H Colfax Massacre HU.S. v. Cruikshank H“Compromise of 1877” H Dem. – Samuel J. Tilden, NY H Rep. – Rutherford B. Hayes, OH H Hayes wins, H Republicans withdraw N support HLegacy of Reconstruction H “America’s unfinished revolution”


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