Presentation on theme: "Crime & Punishment Today: Quick look at crimes in medieval times"— Presentation transcript:
1 Crime & Punishment Today: Quick look at crimes in medieval times Law and orderPublic punishmentTorture
2 Types of crimes Stealing Nagging one’s husband Murder Treason (not being loyal to the monarch)WitchcraftWorking on Sundays and holy daysHeresy (saying something against the beliefs of the church)Breaking curfew (being out after designated time)
3 Law and Order Church courts and laws heresy, working on holy days Monarch or Lord’s CourtTithings (groups of 10 men over 12) were responsible for reporting any law breaker in their group to the court
4 Punishment in public Gibbet iron cage to display bodies of executed criminals
5 Punishment in public Stocks (held the ankles) Pillory (held head and wrists)
6 Guilty or not guilty?There were three types of trial: compurgation (or oath swearing), combat and ordeal.Compurgation: how many people had to recite the special oath?Combat: Who were ‘champions’?Ordeal: What were the different types of trials by ordeal?
7 Guilty or not guilty?There were three types of trial: compurgation (or oath swearing), combat and ordeal. Compurgation: how many people had to recite the special oath? Combat: Who were ‘champions’? Ordeal: What were the different types of trials by ordeal?12Champions were expert fighters that fought for nobles in their trials by combat.The three types of ordeal were trial by water and trial by fire.
8 What is Torture?Torture is any act by which severe pain, either physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted on a person.Today torture is almost universally considered to be an extreme violation of human rights and most countries abstain from using it.
9 Why was torture used in medieval times? Torture has been used since the ancient times and was seen as a legitimate part of the legal system.The purpose of torture was usually to punish or obtain information, especially confessions.Torture is usually not to designed to kill the victim but this was often the result.Torture was at its peak during the Spanish Inquisition ( ) when the Catholic Church tried to eliminate heretics, or non-believers such as Jews, Muslims and Protestants.
19 Scavenger’s DaughterThe device consisted of one single iron bar that connected iron shackles closing round the victim's hands, feet and neck. This rack positioned the head to the knees of the victim in a sitting position. It compressed the body as to force the blood from the nose and ears.