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Crime & Punishment Today: Quick look at crimes in medieval times Law and order Public punishment Torture.

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Presentation on theme: "Crime & Punishment Today: Quick look at crimes in medieval times Law and order Public punishment Torture."— Presentation transcript:

1 Crime & Punishment Today: Quick look at crimes in medieval times Law and order Public punishment Torture

2 Types of crimes Stealing Nagging one’s husband Murder Treason (not being loyal to the monarch) Witchcraft Working on Sundays and holy days Heresy (saying something against the beliefs of the church) Breaking curfew (being out after designated time)

3 Law and Order 1.Church courts and laws heresy, working on holy days 2.Monarch or Lord’s Court Tithings (groups of 10 men over 12) were responsible for reporting any law breaker in their group to the court

4 Punishment in public Gibbet iron cage to display bodies of executed criminals

5 Punishment in public Stocks (held the ankles) Pillory (held head and wrists)

6 Guilty or not guilty? There were three types of trial: compurgation (or oath swearing), combat and ordeal. Compurgation: how many people had to recite the special oath? Combat: Who were ‘champions’? Ordeal: What were the different types of trials by ordeal?

7 Guilty or not guilty? There were three types of trial: compurgation (or oath swearing), combat and ordeal. Compurgation: how many people had to recite the special oath? Combat: Who were ‘champions’? Ordeal: What were the different types of trials by ordeal? 12 Champions were expert fighters that fought for nobles in their trials by combat. The three types of ordeal were trial by water and trial by fire.

8 What is Torture? Torture is any act by which severe pain, either physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted on a person. Today torture is almost universally considered to be an extreme violation of human rights and most countries abstain from using it.

9 Why was torture used in medieval times? Torture has been used since the ancient times and was seen as a legitimate part of the legal system. The purpose of torture was usually to punish or obtain information, especially confessions. Torture is usually not to designed to kill the victim but this was often the result. Torture was at its peak during the Spanish Inquisition (1231-1542) when the Catholic Church tried to eliminate heretics, or non- believers such as Jews, Muslims and Protestants.

10 What are these?

11 Infamy Masks

12 Scold’s Bridle

13 Head Crusher

14 Boots

15 Foot board

16 What are these?

17 Thumbscrews

18 Press

19 Scavenger’s Daughter

20 Hung by the hair and flogged

21 Chair

22 Look again!

23 Cat’s Paw

24 or Claw

25 Fork

26 The Fork in action

27 Iron Maiden

28 The Rack

29

30 Strappado or Pendulum

31 Next lesson... Closer look at the crimes The punishments for different types of crimes


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