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Information Technology as a Profession Bob August

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Presentation on theme: "Information Technology as a Profession Bob August"— Presentation transcript:

1 Information Technology as a Profession Bob August

2 Introduction Background Background The Learned Professions The Learned Professions The Ten Dimensions The Ten Dimensions The Current State of Information Technology as a Profession The Current State of Information Technology as a Profession Discussion/Questions Discussion/Questions

3 Background Graduate Course in College and University Teaching Graduate Course in College and University Teaching Introduction of Concept to Programming Students Introduction of Concept to Programming Students USASBE Meeting USASBE Meeting IABPAD Paper IABPAD Paper ACBSP Regional Conference ACBSP Regional Conference

4 A profession is an occupation that requires extensive training and the study and mastery of specialized knowledge, and usually has a professional association, ethical code and process of certification or licensing. Examples are accounting, law, medicine, finance, the military, the clergy and engineering. A profession is an occupation that requires extensive training and the study and mastery of specialized knowledge, and usually has a professional association, ethical code and process of certification or licensing. Examples are accounting, law, medicine, finance, the military, the clergy and engineering. Classically, there were only three professions: ministry, medicine, and law. These three professions each hold to a specific code of ethics, and members are almost universally required to swear some form of oath to uphold those ethics, therefore "professing" to a higher standard of accountability. Each of these professions also provides and requires extensive training in the meaning, value, and importance of its particular oath in the practice of that profession. Classically, there were only three professions: ministry, medicine, and law. These three professions each hold to a specific code of ethics, and members are almost universally required to swear some form of oath to uphold those ethics, therefore "professing" to a higher standard of accountability. Each of these professions also provides and requires extensive training in the meaning, value, and importance of its particular oath in the practice of that profession.*Wikipedia The Learned Professions

5 Doctors Doctors Attorneys Attorneys

6 The Learned Professions Teachers Teachers Clergy Clergy

7 The Ten Dimensions Professional Organizations Professional Organizations Acquired Body of Knowledge Acquired Body of Knowledge Maintaining the Body of Knowledge Maintaining the Body of Knowledge Code of Conduct/Ethics Code of Conduct/Ethics Client/Provider Relationship Client/Provider Relationship Service to the Profession Service to the Profession Certification through Examination Certification through Examination Regulating the Profession Regulating the Profession Giving Back Giving Back It’s a Calling It’s a Calling

8 Dimension 1: Professional Organizations Doctors - American Medical Association Doctors - American Medical Association Attorneys - American Bar Association Attorneys - American Bar Association Nurses – American Nurses Association Nurses – American Nurses Association Teachers Teachers Discipline Discipline Teaching Level Teaching Level

9 Dimension 2: Acquired Body of Knowledge Doctors Doctors 4 years of medical school 4 years of medical school 2+ years of residency/internships 2+ years of residency/internships Attorneys Attorneys 3 years of law school 3 years of law school College/University Faculty College/University Faculty Masters Masters Ph. D. Ph. D. Clergy Clergy Seminary/School of Theology Seminary/School of Theology

10 Dimension 3: Maintaining the Body of Knowledge Doctors Doctors Attorneys Attorneys CPAs CPAs Teachers Teachers

11 Dimension 4: Code of Ethics Doctors – Hippocratic Oath Doctors – Hippocratic Oath Attorneys – Code of Ethics for Practicing Attorneys Attorneys – Code of Ethics for Practicing Attorneys Nurses – ANA Code of Ethics Nurses – ANA Code of Ethics Teachers – State Boards Teachers – State Boards

12 Dimension 5: Provider/Client Relationship Doctor/Patient Doctor/Patient Attorney/Client Attorney/Client Teacher/Student Teacher/Student

13 Dimension 6: Service to the Profession Regional and National Conferences Regional and National Conferences Papers Papers Symposium Symposium Seminars Seminars Workshops Workshops Officers Officers

14 Dimension 7: Certification through Examination Doctors – Medical Licensing Exam Doctors – Medical Licensing Exam Attorneys – Bar Exam Attorneys – Bar Exam Accountants – CPA Exam Accountants – CPA Exam Nurses – RN Exam Nurses – RN Exam

15 Dimension 8: Regulating the Profession Doctors – State Medical Boards Doctors – State Medical Boards Attorneys – State Bar Associations Attorneys – State Bar Associations Clergy – Religious Denomination Clergy – Religious Denomination Teachers – State Board for Education Certification Teachers – State Board for Education Certification

16 Dimension 9: Giving Back (Philanthropy) Doctors - Doctors without Borders Doctors - Doctors without Borders Attorneys – Pro Bono Work Attorneys – Pro Bono Work Clergy – A Life of Service Clergy – A Life of Service

17 Dimension 10: It’s a Calling Doctors Doctors Attorneys Attorneys Teachers Teachers The Clergy The Clergy

18 The Current State of Information Technology as a Profession

19 Dimension 1: Professional Organizations Association of Computer Machinery Association of Computer Machinery Association of Information Technology Professionals Association of Information Technology Professionals Information Systems Security Association Information Systems Security Association

20 Dimension 2: Acquired Body of Knowledge Information Technology Professionals Information Technology Professionals 4-year college education (SIGITE Recommendation) 4-year college education (SIGITE Recommendation) Specialization in a specific IT area Specialization in a specific IT area Programming Programming Networking Networking Web development Web development User support User support

21 Dimension 3: Maintaining the Body of Knowledge Information Technology Professionals Information Technology Professionals Rapid Change Rapid Change Professional Development Professional Development

22 Dimension 4: Code of Conduct/Ethics ACM ACM AITP AITP ISSA ISSA

23 ACM Code of Conduct/Ethics Preamble Preamble Commitment to ethical professional conduct is expected of every member (voting members, associate members, and student members) of the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM). Commitment to ethical professional conduct is expected of every member (voting members, associate members, and student members) of the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM). This Code, consisting of 24 imperatives formulated as statements of personal responsibility, identifies the elements of such a commitment. It contains many, but not all, issues professionals are likely to face… This Code, consisting of 24 imperatives formulated as statements of personal responsibility, identifies the elements of such a commitment. It contains many, but not all, issues professionals are likely to face…

24 1. GENERAL MORAL IMPERATIVES As an ACM member I will.... As an ACM member I will Contribute to society and human well-being. 1.1 Contribute to society and human well-being. 1.2 Avoid harm to others. 1.2 Avoid harm to others. 1.3 Be honest and trustworthy. 1.3 Be honest and trustworthy. 1.4 Be fair and take action not to discriminate. 1.4 Be fair and take action not to discriminate. 1.5 Honor property rights including copyrights and patent. 1.5 Honor property rights including copyrights and patent. 1.6 Give proper credit for intellectual property. 1.6 Give proper credit for intellectual property. 1.7 Respect the privacy of others. 1.7 Respect the privacy of others. 1.8 Honor confidentiality. 1.8 Honor confidentiality.

25 2. MORE SPECIFIC PROFESSIONAL RESPONSIBILITIES As an ACM computing professional I will.... As an ACM computing professional I will Strive to achieve the highest quality, effectiveness and dignity in both the process and products of professional work. 2.1 Strive to achieve the highest quality, effectiveness and dignity in both the process and products of professional work. 2.2 Acquire and maintain professional competence. 2.2 Acquire and maintain professional competence. 2.3 Know and respect existing laws pertaining to professional work. 2.3 Know and respect existing laws pertaining to professional work. 2.4 Accept and provide appropriate professional review. 2.4 Accept and provide appropriate professional review. 2.5 Give comprehensive and thorough evaluations of computer systems and their impacts, including analysis of possible risks. 2.5 Give comprehensive and thorough evaluations of computer systems and their impacts, including analysis of possible risks. 2.6 Honor contracts, agreements, and assigned responsibilities. 2.6 Honor contracts, agreements, and assigned responsibilities. 2.7 Improve public understanding of computing and its consequences. 2.7 Improve public understanding of computing and its consequences. 2.8 Access computing and communication resources only when authorized to do so. 2.8 Access computing and communication resources only when authorized to do so.

26 3. ORGANIZATIONAL LEADERSHIP IMPERATIVES As an ACM member and an organizational leader, I will.... As an ACM member and an organizational leader, I will Articulate social responsibilities of members of an organizational unit and encourage full acceptance of those responsibilities. 3.1 Articulate social responsibilities of members of an organizational unit and encourage full acceptance of those responsibilities. 3.2 Manage personnel and resources to design and build information systems that enhance the quality of working life. 3.2 Manage personnel and resources to design and build information systems that enhance the quality of working life. 3.3 Acknowledge and support proper and authorized uses of an organization's computing and communication resources. 3.3 Acknowledge and support proper and authorized uses of an organization's computing and communication resources. 3.4 Ensure that users and those who will be affected by a system have their needs clearly articulated during the assessment and design of requirements; later the system must be validated to meet requirements. 3.4 Ensure that users and those who will be affected by a system have their needs clearly articulated during the assessment and design of requirements; later the system must be validated to meet requirements. 3.5 Articulate and support policies that protect the dignity of users and others affected by a computing system. 3.5 Articulate and support policies that protect the dignity of users and others affected by a computing system. 3.6 Create opportunities for members of the organization to learn the principles and limitations of computer systems. 3.6 Create opportunities for members of the organization to learn the principles and limitations of computer systems.

27 4. COMPLIANCE WITH THE CODE As an ACM member I will.... As an ACM member I will Uphold and promote the principles of this Code. 4.1 Uphold and promote the principles of this Code. 4.2 Treat violations of this code as inconsistent with membership in the ACM. 4.2 Treat violations of this code as inconsistent with membership in the ACM. Adherence of professionals to a code of ethics is largely a voluntary matter. However, if a member does not follow this code by engaging in gross misconduct, membership in ACM may be terminated. Adherence of professionals to a code of ethics is largely a voluntary matter. However, if a member does not follow this code by engaging in gross misconduct, membership in ACM may be terminated.

28 Dimension 5: Client/Provider Relationship Provider/Customer Provider/Customer

29 Dimension 6: Service to the Profession Regional and National Conferences Regional and National Conferences Papers Papers Symposium Symposium Seminars Seminars Workshops Workshops Officers Officers

30 Dimension 7: Certification through Examination Information Technology Professionals Information Technology Professionals Vendor Certification Vendor Certification Microsoft Microsoft Cisco Cisco Sun Sun Vendor Neutral Vendor Neutral CompTIA – A+, Network+, Security+, etc. CompTIA – A+, Network+, Security+, etc. International Information Systems Security Certifications Consortium (ISC) 2 - CISSP International Information Systems Security Certifications Consortium (ISC) 2 - CISSP SANS Institute – Global Information Assurance Certification (GIAC) SANS Institute – Global Information Assurance Certification (GIAC)

31 Dimension 8: Regulating the Profession SANS - GIAC SANS - GIAC (ISC) 2 - CISSP (ISC) 2 - CISSP

32 Dimension 9: Giving Back (Philanthropy) Bill & Melinda Gates Bill & Melinda Gates

33 Dimension 10: It’s a Calling “When you find a job you love, you will never work a day in your life.” “When you find a job you love, you will never work a day in your life.”

34 The Current State of Information Technology as a Profession Professional Organizations Professional Organizations Acquired Body of Knowledge Acquired Body of Knowledge Maintaining the Body of Knowledge Maintaining the Body of Knowledge Code of Conduct/Ethics Code of Conduct/Ethics Client/Provider Relationship Client/Provider Relationship Service to the Profession Service to the Profession Certification Through Examination Certification Through Examination Regulating the Profession Regulating the Profession Giving Back Giving Back It’s a Calling It’s a Calling

35 Questions/Discussion


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