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Sphagnum moss Star moss Wood sorrel Wood Sorrel Very Common Found in large clumps in damp areas. Used as decoration all over the world, Maoris use it for cloaks. Can be used for brooms and brushes. Some people believe when dissolved in tea it dissolves kidney stones. Grows in acidic conditions, Holds twenty times it dry weight in water. Good indicator of blanket bog with little drainage. Changes pH of the soil. Can preserve human bodies extremely well for long periods. Can be used as a wound dressing, as its absorbent and stops the growth of bacteria Found in woodland areas. Can be eaten, tastes quite citrusy, great addition to salads and sandwichs. ©Daniel Giblin 2013
Map Lichen Grows on sunny acidic rocks. Can be used to measure the age of the exposed rock, a clue to the history of a receding glacier. Fruiting bodies are small black discs Used as a monitor of good air quality. A symbiotic organism of fungus and algae Reindeer Moss Tormentil Used as a monitor of good air quality. A symbiotic organism of fungus and algae Common on heaths and peat moors. Is actually a lichen. The hero's of telemark survived by boiling it in water, whilst on a mission to destroy a Nazi heavy water plant. Small yellow flower with four petals. In bloom between April until October Member of the rose family. When made into a tea can cure a variety of ailments including IBS, diarrhoea, and cholera. ©Daniel Giblin 2013
Silver Birch Recognised by fragile silvery bark. The bark can be used as kindling when making a fire. Good early coloniser where soil is thin, such as scree slopes. Sundew Butterwort Uncommon, but not rare. Found in or near bogs/sodden ground Eats small insects such as midge Leaves have sticky globules on the end Blooms a little white flower between June and August. The leaf juice is supposed to cure corns, warts, and bunions. Uncommon, but not rare. Eats small insects such as midge. A Perennial. Grows in nitrogen deficient bogs It was once used to curdle milk. ©Daniel Giblin 2013
Bilberry Towards the end of August the flowers are replaced by tasty edible berries. The berries are supposed to be good for varicose veins, and capillary fragility. Oak Ling-Common heatherLing – Common heather Tiny pink.purple flowers A tasty snack for SHEEP. Mead used to be made from the flowering stems. Brooms can be made from tying several strands together. Its been a predominant timber tree since prehistoric times. Broadleaf Deciduous Its seed is an acorn Its leaf is the symbol for the national trust. ©Daniel Giblin 2013
centipede Garden Spider Woodlouse Garden Spider The most familiar of spiders in the UK. Very common The larger spiders are the females The smaller males are sometimes eaten by the females. White dots on the abdomen. Eight legs Is not an insect but a crustacean Curls into a ball to protect itself from danger. Its outer shell is an exoskeleton They breathe through gills They eat rotting plants, fungi, and their own faeces Centipede Venomous fangs Carnivorous Found in moist habitats One of the most dominant predators in the insect kingdom. Found in fossils over 400 million years old ©Daniel Giblin 2013
Raven large black bird over 60cm tall from the tip of its tail. Very intelligent. They only have one mate for life, even if that mate dies, they don’t find a new mate. The can fly upside down. Live on carrion Raven Ground Beetle Pied Wagtail Found in woodland habitats Can grow upto 2 cm long It feeds on snails by plunging its narrow front end into their shells to eat the flesh. Common bird Its tail bobs up and down, hence wagtail Less than 20 cm tall ©Daniel Giblin 2013
Frog Amphibians Produce upto 4000 eggs in one spawn Only 2000 tadpoles may survive An adult frog can breathe through its skin as well as its nostrils Frog Finch Wren Britain's most common breeding bird. Can often be heard singing with a loud prolonged call. Never bigger than 12cm long Nests in dense vegetation with a domed nest. Very sociable, but will squabble with each other and other birds. Very common Eats seeds and insects Lay 3 to 8 eggs. ©Daniel Giblin 2013
Fungi-common jelly spot The most commonly occurring fungus Found on rotting wood. Small never more than 5mm Flesh is soft yet firm. As with all fungi unless your with an expert don’t touch. Fungi-common jelly spot Fern- Bracken Foxglove Famous for being poisonous The leaves appear as a rosette long before the plant flowers. Instantly recognisable, very common, also known as in Wales as Dog’s Finger or Mary’s Thimble. Originally just a woodland plant Very common. Spreads by underground rhizomes Can harbour sheep ticks Bracken leaves can be a carcinogenic ©Daniel Giblin 2013
Beech Widespred and common on british isles Decidious tree Smooth grey bark Has fruit in a prickly husk- the nuts can be collected, peeled, roasted and eaten. used to make furniture, sporting equipment. Good for burning Blackberry-Brambles Abundantly common A Prickly shrub Grows a recognisable fruit The blackberries themselves are full of antioxidents and vitamin C Traditionally used to treat mild inflammation Chestnut Soft wood, can be used in furniture making. Deciduous tree Bear fruit, the nuts can be peeled roasted and eaten, make sure the fruit/nut is slit or it will explode. The fruit/nut can be used in conkers games. ©Daniel Giblin 2013
Pine Grow from seeds which come from a cone (the only tree to do so) A Coniferious tree They can grow in any soil and anywhere in the world. Of the seven continents, pine trees are found to be growing in six continents. Fully grown trees require full sun and very little water to survive. Used in furniture making. Elder widespread and common Both the flowers and berries can be prepared and eaten to make food and drink such as jams and wine. some people feel that elderberries have medicinal value and use them for a variety of respiratory and gastric ailments The berries are full of vitamin A, B and C Stinging Nettle Very common The plants are packed with magnesium, iron and calcium - all essential minerals Can be prepared to make soup, beer, wine and tea. The stem contains a fibre used for rope making, sails and textiles. ©Daniel Giblin 2013
Butterfly Most butterflies feed on nectar from flowers. Butterflies have taste receptors on their feet. A butterfly’s lifecycle is made up of four parts, egg, larva (caterpillars), pupa (chrysalis) and adult. Lady bird They can be many colours, pink, yellow, orange and red. They only live for about a year. They should be classified as a beetle They eat Aphids Aphid Very small green or black insects with a soft body Have two small ‘tailpipes’ called cornicles They feed on plants in clusters or small groups ©Daniel Giblin 2013
Earthworm Earthworms' bodies are made up of ring-like segments called annuli. The segments are covered in small bristles, which the worm uses to move and burrow. The worm's first segment contains its mouth. As they burrow, they eat soil, extracting nutrients from decomposing organic matter like leaves and roots Earthworm Grasshopper Grasshoppers can jump very high. Some grasshoppers will jump 200 times their length in one jump Grasshoppers have ears on their bellies. Grasshoppers make music by rubbing the back leg and fore wing together Glow worm they are famous for having a green and yellow coloured light on the end of it's tail. It Is an invertebrate An omnivore – eats both plants and meats, mainly snails and slugs ©Daniel Giblin 2013
Bee Collect nectar to make honey A single bee can collect enough nectar to make 1/12 of a teaspoon of honey. Plants rely on bees to pollenate them They live in hives or colonies where each bee has its own job to ensure the survival of the hive. Snail Snails are vegetarians, they will eat all sorts of fruits and vegetables (especially the rotten kind) They have no ears, very limited eye sight but they have a great sense of smell, that's how they find their food. snails are hermaphrodites which means that they have both female and male organs silkworm They make silk thread Silkworms eat mulberry leaves One silkworm cocoon is made of a single, unbroken thread about 914 meters long. It takes at least 2 days for a silkworm to complete its cocoon. ©Daniel Giblin 2013
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