Presentation on theme: "“Understanding the UNCRPD and making the rights a reality” Heather Logan Disability Action’s Centre on Human Rights for People with Disabilities."— Presentation transcript:
“Understanding the UNCRPD and making the rights a reality” Heather Logan Disability Action’s Centre on Human Rights for People with Disabilities
Introduction United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) was adopted by the UN on 13 December 2006 and came into force on 03 May 2008 Why have a specific convention? Convention marks a ‘paradigm shift’ in attitudes and approaches to persons with disabilities Are these new Rights?
Unpacking the UNCRPD Standard format of Conventions with 50 articles Details the rights of persons with disabilities Optional Protocol Reservations (opt out) and Declarations (clarifications)
The UNCRPD – The Key Principles (Article 3) Dignity Independence Freedom to make choices Non-discrimination Participation Inclusion Respect for difference Acceptance Equality of Opportunity Access
UNCRPD’s Implementation Framework (Article 33) Article 33 (1) Designate one or more focal points within government for matters relating to the Convention Article 33 (2) requires the State to designate an independent mechanism. Article 33 (3) to ensure that Civil Society, in particular, people with disabilities and their representative organisations are involved and participate fully in the monitoring process (also Article 4 (3) General Obligations)
Article 27/1 : Work and Employment “States Parties recognize the right of persons with disabilities to work, on an equal basis with others; this includes the right to the opportunity to gain a living by work freely chosen or accepted in a labour market and work environment that is open, inclusive and accessible to persons with disabilities. States Parties shall safeguard and promote the realisation of the right to work, including for those who acquire a disability during the course of employment, by taking appropriate steps, including through legislation”
Work and Employment Prohibit discrimination related to work To receive equal pay for equal work Choose the work of their own preference To be able to exercise labour and trade union rights To enable access to guidance programmes, placements and continuing training To benefit from equal opportunities and safe and healthy work conditions Promote self-employment and business opportunities To be provided with career counselling, vocational training and career opportunities To have the possibility to be hired both in the public and in the private sector which may include affirmative action, incentives and other measures To ensure that reasonable changes are made in the work place environment (i.e. fulfil the ‘reasonable accommodation’ principle) according to the personal needs Promote vocational and professional rehabilitation programmes to support the return to work
What does Article 27 mean? Not a right to employment - but a duty on government to create conditions which promote the equal opportunities. Protection against being forced to work, and it gives disabled people right to access and non- discrimination in work.
Practical Implications for the State Before introducing appropriate policies and programmes the State should: Create information systems to provide disaggregated data with regards to disabled people to facilitate the development and evaluation of policies and programmes Examine other jurisdictions for best practice Consider any relevant comments from the UNCRPD committee and other sources Consult fully with people with disabilities and their representatives Consider interaction with other articles
“Thus, monitors should be asking what society has done or not done which is obstructing the full enjoyment of persons with disabilities rights – not how their physical or mental impairment has affected the enjoyment of their rights.” Office of the Commissioner for Human Rights (2010)
Setting the scene in Northern Ireland 38.7% of disabled persons are in employment compared to 73.9% of non-disabled persons Key policies and programmes in Northern Ireland relevant to Article 27
Northern Ireland….the future? OFMDFM Report – recognises the central nature of work General strategies – but we need to know the affects on people with disabilities
Emerging Issues/Challenges for Article 27 Sheltered Workshops UK Welfare Reform Any gaps within Article 27? Career Advancement Self-Employment
How can people with disabilities get involved with monitoring and implementation of Article 27? Involving people with disabilities Raise Awareness Gather Evidence Shadow/Parallel Reports to the UN Influence Government Enforce Rights Capacity Building
Conclusion UNCRPD offers a vision for people with disabilities Importance of Article 27 – Work & Employment –Social participation –Economic independence –Family and relationships –National economy and well being People with disabilities not fully integrated into the labour market Finally, by identifying strengths and opportunities as well as better addressing weaknesses and threats, is a much needed duty in the effort of improving the lives of persons with disabilities.
Things you need to consider… Articles 4 (3), Article 33 (2) & Article 33 (3) Where has your State involved people with disabilities? - Is it meaningful participation? Does Government include everyone with a disability? To what extent have people with disabilities from different backgrounds/age range been involved?
How can you find out more about human rights? The Centre on Human Rights for People with Disabilities Disability Action Portside Business Park 189 Airport Road West BELFAST, BT3 9ED Email : firstname.lastname@example.org@disabilityaction.org Tel No : 028 90 297880 Fax No : 028 90 297881 Textphone : 028 90 297878