Presentation on theme: "Cumulative Effects Management: Why We All Need to be Involved"— Presentation transcript:
1Cumulative Effects Management: Why We All Need to be Involved Heather SintonRegional Science and Planning ManagerAlberta Environment and Sustainable Resource Development
2Overview This presentation will cover: Why we need a Cumulative Effects Management System (CEMS)CEMS and the South Saskatchewan Regional PlanWater and air management frameworks to support a CEMS approachWhat you can do to help
3Natural Environment = Land + Air + Water + Biodiversity The Cumulative Effects Management System considers the sum of all human activities and natural environmental qualityNatural Environment = Land + Air + Water + BiodiversityWriting-On-Stone and the Milk River
4Cumulative Effects is about place and how we interact with this place – Southern Alberta – where we live.Cumulative Effects is about place and how we interact with this place – Southern Alberta – where we live.We recognize that there have been many changes to our landscapes over the millenia of human presence. First Nations have been managing the environment of southern Alberta for thousands of years.(Vimy, Waterton)
5We recognize that we cannot continue to manage the landscape in the same way we did in the past. Changes to the landscape have increased over the last hundred years, and we recognize that we cannot continue to manage the landscape in the same way we did in the past. This is a special place for all of us, and we value what nature has provided us.Chief Mountain
6We all care about the sustainability of these places and want plentiful clean water, clean air, and productive lands. We want to protect the plants and animals that are integral to the function of these landscapes.We are moving to a CEMS approach BECAUSE we care about the sustainability of these places.
7We want to have clean water and clean air for generations to come, and a CEMS approach will help us achieve that.We want to have clean water and clean air for generations to come, and a CEMS approach will help us achieve that.
8CEMS and the Land-use Framework Seven Strategies under the LUFDevelop seven regional land-use plansCreate a Land-use Secretariat and Regional Advisory Council for each regionCumulative effects management to manage impact of development on land, water and airDevelop a strategy for conservation and stewardship on private and public landsPromote efficient use of landEstablish an information, monitoring & knowledge systemInclusion of aboriginal peoples in land-use planningCEMS is a critical strategy under the Land-use Framework, and is its implementation is a priority of Alberta Environment, as stated in the Minister’s mandate letter of February 2010.The Alberta Land Stewardship Act, passed into law in October 2009, enables this transition to land-use planning and provides new tools to ensure ongoing stewardship and sustainability.CEMS and Land-use plans integrate the three pillars: social, economic and environmental.
9Why CEMS and Why Now?CEMS is the GOA’s governance response to the challenge posed by cumulative effects. It requires society to make conscious, place-based choices about environmental quality. In other words, environment is no longer an externality in decision making about social and economic agendas, but something that is addressed proactively and up front. That does not mean that environment ‘trumps’, merely that it is explicitly considered.For those of us in the environmental, natural resources and land use management business this is transformative because for the first time, it enables intensity of use to be managed and a given level of environmental quality assured.But from a broader societal and economic perspective, CEMS also has a suite of transformative positive implications…9
10We need a plan to manage growth pressures Managing GrowthWe need a plan to manage growth pressuresVolatility in world markets and the importance of the resource sector to the Alberta economy means that the province undergoes periodic boom and bust cycles. Over time however, the long term trend has been one of dramatic growth. Growth pressures place stresses and demands on government services. Responding to these concerns became a priority for the new Stelmach government to demonstrate leadership.CEMS will allow the GoA to demonstrate that it now has a ‘plan to manage growth pressures’.
11Cumulative Effects System Fundamentals Outcomes based: clearly defined end statesPlace based: at different scalesPerformance management based: adaptiveCollaborative: shared stewardshipComprehensive implementation: regulatory and non-regulatoryOverall goal: Alberta has an outcomes based environmental management system that effectively manages cumulative effectsOutcomes based: clearly defined environmental end statesPlace based: geographically specific areas at different scales in the provincePerformance management based: adaptive and generative environmental management systemCollaborative: built on a culture of shared stewardship, using a shared knowledge baseComprehensive implementation: uses both regulatory and non-regulatory approaches
12(quantity and quality) Climate ChangeGHGSOX - NOXemissionsAIRAir QualityAcid depositionCEMSComplexMulti mediaInteractiveLANDSurface waterqualitySocialIndicatorsCost/benefitLand Use ChangeWATERSocio-EconomicSurface waterquantityTerrestrial&BiodiversityindicatorsBiodiversityAquatic habitatindicatorsGroundwater(quantity and quality)
13Integrating Management Across Sectors Environmental Management SystemMunicipalitiesAgricultureForestryTransportationIndustryEnergyCumulative effects management is, then, intended to provide Albertans with the assurance that the environment will be managed holistically, according to society’s expressed choices, and that the government will ensure that the environmental management system is integrated across ministries.
14Cumulative Effects Management System DELIVER OUTCOMESAuthorizations, Compliance Assurance, Monitoring, Data Management, Emergency Services, Programs, Decisions, PartnershipsSTRATEGIC DIRECTIONLegislationGoA and Ministry business plansIntegrated Provincial Level Strategic Policies (e.g. Water For Life, Climate Change Strategy, Provincial Energy Strategy, Oil Sands Strategic Plan, etc.)DEVELOP & REFINEOUTCOMES & STRATEGIESRegional Planning, including Regional Strategic AssessmentOperational PolicyManagement FrameworksEVALUATE & REPORT PERFORMANCEEnvironmental indicators and their implicationsEffectiveness of strategies and their deliveryPerformance Management
16Provincial Policy & Legislation Operational Decisions Levels of PlanningProvincialProvincial Policy & LegislationRegionalRegional StrategiesMajor Project ReviewsSub-regional PlansMunicipal PlansSub-Regional &OperationalDIFFERENT SCALES FOR DIFFERENT PURPOSES.There is no one level of planning that can do everything. Policy, planning and other decisions roughly fit into a hierarchical structure. At the top of this framework are things that apply province-wide—legislation and provincial policy, including the “commitment document” itself. This level defines big-picture goals and desired outcomes..In the middle are “regional plans,” which will form a bridge between provincial policy, which has a hard time addressing regional diversity, and operational, project planning, which needs a big-picture context. The LUF places considerable emphasis on regional plans – they are a critical connect between the provincial level of analysis and operational decision making.–the primary job of the regional plan is to provide a common context for sub-regional scale landscapes (the region itself is too large to provide common, border to border direction on outcomes).A variety of sub regional and operational plans provide direction for the on-the-ground outcomes and development.Operational Decisions
17Role of PartnershipsAESRD works with partners in the region to develop and achieve outcomes for air, land and waterThese partners are assisted by GOA to develop management plans and are involved in creating management frameworksPartners can help to educate the public about environmental stewardshipAn effective way for First Nations to participate in the development and implementation of plans in the region is to become involved with the partnerships. These include the WPACs (Bow River Basin Council, Oldman Watershed Council, Milk River Watershed Council of Canada and the Southeast Alberta Watershed Alliance) and the Airshed Zones (Parkland, Calgary Region Airshed Zone and Palliser Airshed).Alberta Environment has also encouraged First Nations participation in WPACs to ensure their perspective is included as planning is happening.As neighbours, we want to work together in these partnerships.Monique Dietrich went to every First Nation re: BRBCStephanie Palechuk, ED of the Oldman Watershed Council, presented to a community meeting on the Blood Tribe. Heather has spoken to Siksika about PM/Ozone.
18Management Frameworks These include:Outcomes and objectivesPerformance Management SystemLimits and trigger levelsMonitoring, Evaluation and ReportingManagement Strategies and ActionsOutcome definition: The desired condition for a given issue; what should be accomplished. An outcome applies the vision statement to a specific subject and guides policy development. Outcomes remain qualitative.OBJECTIVESFrom ToR: Regional environmental thresholds and frameworks to sustain airshed and watershed integrityObjective definition: A specific result that achieves or represents progress towards an outcome. Objectives may be quantified by targets and/or thresholds for measureable performance indicators.Strategy definition: A course or method of action to achieve an outcome or objective. Strategies are adopted by government agencies, institutions, or groups to guide and usually determine present and future decisions.
19Environmental Management Frameworks: Air e.g., Pm/Ozone Working with the Calgary Region Airshed Zone, Alberta Environment has also helped develop a PM/Ozone management plan.
20Are we there yet? “We’ve only just begun” Cumulative effects management will need to consider the effects of development on all media in a placeWe all need to work together to build and implement the system
21What can YOU do?Get involved in a partnership like CRAZ that is developing air quality management plans in response to air quality concernsTake personal responsibility for being a good steward of the environmentEducate and influence the people around youSo in this symbiotic relationship CEMS lies at the very heart of LUF.
22Alberta has extraordinary assets and challenges on all fronts Alberta has extraordinary assets and challenges on all fronts. CEMS is central to the GOA’s plan to manage growth. There are real technical and resourcing issues to overcome. But the real test is cultural and institutional. Can we raise our game?We are fortunate to live in a place that has both material prosperity and a decent environment. Our landscapes bear the marks of our society’s activities, but retain extraordinary environmental attributes. Our society and our economy have grown and transformed out of all recognition in the 20th Century.Currently, the environmental outcomes we see on our landscapes are the incidental, collateral consequence of a societal consciousness that’s focused elsewhere … on us and the resources we’re busily developing to meet our desires. Environmental stresses and problems are not a conscious objective, but a mere by product of what we are up to.The great shift we have to make in the 21st century, to allow our continued societal and economic development whilst also ensuring continuing decent environmental quality is simply to pay attention – to put the environment in the cross-hairs of our focus and not treat it as an externality.CEMS is a vehicle that allows us to become aware of the risks and consequences of what it is we might want to do on the environment and then decide on a realistic place based environmental bottom line, with full context awareness what our priorities are. We need, in all of our communities and all of our places, to define a vision of what we want for ourselves and our kids, and then to manage our activities on the landscape to ensure we achieve it.22