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Note: Please view in slide show mode Usually found bottom right of screen This power point has animation effects and will not display properly unless viewed in slide mode. If you have any questions please do not hesitate to contact me. Thank you Jeremy Leatinu’u Schools Education Manager Te Tuhi Learning Experiences Outside the Classroom Ph: 09 577 0138 ext 7703 Jeremy@tetuhi.org.nz
Welcome Thank you for using this pre-visit resource. We believe this will help strengthen student learning leading up to and during your gallery visit.
Copies of the world Te Tuhi Pre-visit lesson 2
During this lesson we will be exploring… Copy vs original Image:http://www.coca.org.nz/artists/70/http://www.coca.org.nz/artists/70/ Before we start, let’s recap what we learnt during our last lesson… Artist Glen Hayward made this fire extinguisher from wood and acrylic paint.
In the last lesson we learnt that positive and negative space… are two different spaces. Positive space is the physical shape of something and negative space is the space around it. can appear reversed through photography like John Wegner’s upside down photographs. can be made into a sculpture by casting the negative space like Rachel Whiteread’s sculptures.
Let’s start this lesson by exploring “Copy vs Original”. Image http://dylan-jayatilaka.net/articles/why-two-electrons-per-orbital/ :http://dylan-jayatilaka.net/articles/why-two-electrons-per-orbital/
Image: http://fineartamerica.com/featured/mona-lisa-copy-gayle-bell.html http://european-miniatures2.blogspot.co.nz/2011/12/melocchi-pittrice-e-classical-copies.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Speculation_about_Mona_Lisa http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mona_Lisa http://monalisasecrets.com/mona-lisa-salvador-dali/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/book-keeper/2118122560/ The Mona Lisa painting created by artist Leonardo da Vinci is one of the most well known paintings in the world. Since 1519 many people have made copies of this well known painting. Many have created paintings to look like Leonardo’s painting and others have painted in their own style. Mona Lisa Painting With so many painted Mona Lisa copies, how do we know which is the original painting? Especially if we haven’t seen the original painting? Can you spot the original painting made by Leonard da Vinci? Mona Lisa c1503-1519 Painted by Leonardo da Vinci
So what is an original and what is a copy? And how are they different? The word original means something that is first, something not copied from. The word copy means something trying to look exactly like another. Image: http://fineartamerica.com/featured/mona-lisa-copy-gayle-bell.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mona_Lisa
We have seen what an original and copy can look like in painting but what other ways can we copy in art? Many of today’s artists use technology to make their art and technology has made it easier to copy. We don’t have to be an artist to create an exact copy of the Mona Lisa. We don’t even need to paint. With computers and the internet we can simply go online, find a photograph of an artwork, press print and we would have our own copy of an artwork. With technology we can make one copy or many copies of an artwork. Copy, paste and print But printing a copy from the internet is very different to having an original. The original Mona Lisa was hand painted by the artist Leonardo da Vinci himself, and the copy is just a print from a printer. How an artwork is made and by whom (the artist) is what makes an artwork an original.
Image: http://trishclark.co.nz/artists/straka-heather/http://trishclark.co.nz/artists/straka-heather/ Some artists have chosen to make artwork that specifically explores the difference between copy and original. New Zealand artist Heather Straka chose to make art about copying from an original. Heather created an oil painting of an Asian woman wearing a flower in her hair and a Hei tiki pinned to her dress. To explore the idea of copying from an original Heather asked 59 artists from China to make a copy of her original painting. What Heather noticed after receiving all the paintings is that every single copy was different to one another. No matter how accurate the artists from China were in copying Heather’s painting, they could never make their painting exactly the same. This is because every person in the world paints differently, and so no one painting looked exactly the same. Heather’s art focused on the idea of copying but in the end showed how individual we are, even if we try to copy.
Image: http://www.artsdiary.co.nz/bt2/053/05302.html http://www.artsdiary.co.nz/bt2/053/05303.html Another New Zealand artist who has made art about copying from an original is Regan Gentry. Regan created a series of artworks made from the wood Gorse. He made a tree stump, a knife, an axe, meat, toilet paper and a baby rocker all from Gorse wood. With Regan and his artwork we can start to think about how these objects are copies. A knife was made to cut food and an axe to chop wood. Could Regan’s wooden knife and axe do exactly the same? The knife and axe would most likely brake. This is why a blade from an axe or knife is made from steel, because it strong and can be very sharp. Regan’s artwork makes us think about the material of an object. If we make a copy of something using a different material it does not always make it the same as the original.
Image: http://www.zazzle.co.nz/maori_hei_tiki_photosculpture-153154170868463833 http://www.thebigidea.co.nz/news/whats-on-show-reviews/2009/mar/53951-plastic-maori http://www.nzetc.org/tm/scholarly/WalRobl-fig-WalRoblP017a.html What about copies of cultural objects? What do copies of cultural objects look like? Here is a Hei tiki made from paunamu or greenstone Here are Hei tiki made from resin or plastic Hei tiki are unique to Maori culture and are often seen tied around a person’s neck Not all Hei tiki look the same. Some Hei tiki designs reflect a particular tribe, iwi, people or place. Most Hei tiki are made from a particular material. Which Hei tiki do you think is the original and which is the copy? Why? Traditionally Hei tiki are made from paunamu or greenstone and bone. This would make the Hei tiki on the left the original and the plastic Hei tiki on the right a copy.
Let’s recap on what we have learnt so far… As we have seen, ‘copy’ and ‘original’ are to two very different things…
An original means something that is first, something not copied from. means something trying to look exactly like another. can look like the original but is not exactly the same. artwork is something that has been crafted by the artist himself or herself. A copy Mona Lisa c1503-1519 Painted by Leonardo da Vinci
End of lesson In the next lesson we will explore “The Art of Casting”.