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MAE DAY MalvaceaeAmaranthaceaeEricaceae. Scarlet Globemallow Family: Malvaceae Scarlet Globemallow Family: Malvaceae Greyish herb with dense starry hair.

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Presentation on theme: "MAE DAY MalvaceaeAmaranthaceaeEricaceae. Scarlet Globemallow Family: Malvaceae Scarlet Globemallow Family: Malvaceae Greyish herb with dense starry hair."— Presentation transcript:

1 MAE DAY MalvaceaeAmaranthaceaeEricaceae

2 Scarlet Globemallow Family: Malvaceae Scarlet Globemallow Family: Malvaceae Greyish herb with dense starry hair Grows on desert slopes Loves the sun and loves the drought Brews sweet but slimy tea. Flowers orange in dry garden spots and soothing to the throat, Five broad petals shallowly notched grow in clusters near its top. Not too tall unless to ants, we see it throughout the West. May through August if we are lucky. Sphaeralcea cocccinea, D. Bondy 08

3 Sphaeralcea cocccinea Family: Malvaceae

4 Malvaceae The Mallow Family contains 204 genera with 2330 species of cosmopolitan range with many found in South America. They are herbaceous plants, shrubs or trees.

5 Malvaceae Major genera worldwide: Abutilon, Althaea, Gossypium, Hibiscus, Hoheria, Kitaibelia, Lavatera, Malope, Malva, Malvastrum, Malvaviscus, Palaua, Pavonia, Sida, Sidalcea, Tilia, Urena.

6 Malvaceae In Montana (Dorn 1984): Abutilon, Alcea, Hibiscus, Iliamna, Malva, Sidalcea, and Sphaeralcea

7 Malvaceae Leaf Characteristics: The leaves are alternate, with leafy growths where they join the stem, and they are often hairy. The leaves are often palmate and lobed or divided (Hollyhock), or undivided and toothed (Hibiscus).

8 Malvaceae Flower Characteristics: The usually radial flowers of this family are larger and composed of five separate petals, usually rolled up together in bud or dying. The stamens and style form a long tube protruding from the center of the flower, and the stigma at the end of the tube is divided. The calyx is composed of five sepals, sometimes joined, with another row of conspicuous bracts beneath them.

9 Malvaceae Seedpod Characteristics: In many species, there are many disc-shaped seeds in a ring at the bottom of the style, with the calyx folded over them (hollyhock). In some species, there may be only five rounded seeds inside the calyx. In the genera Hibiscus and Gossypium, the seeds are enclosed in a capsule. In one case (Malvaviscus), the fruit is a berry. The fruit is always formed from a superior ovary.

10 Malvaceae Important food plants include Theobroma cacao (chocolate), Cola spp. (cola), Hibiscus esculentus (okra). The natural mucilage ingredient of marshmallows also comes from this plant. An important fiber plant is cotton (Gossypium spp.) Basswood (Tilia spp.) comes from this family.

11 Malvaceae We thank you, maybe!?!

12 Malvaceae Imagine a world w/o Marshmallow Peeps

13 Marshmallow Peeps Cupcakes Family: Malvaceae 18 1/4 ozs white cake mix 1 tbsp olive oil 1 1/2 ozs Dream Whip whipped topping mix, dry 1 tsp pure vanilla extract 1/2 tsp baking powder 7 1/4 ozs Betty Crocker Fluffy White Frosting 1 c water, cold 24 pcs Marshmallow Peeps 1/2 c egg whites, slightly beaten jelly beans Preheat oven to 350. Prepare 24 standard muffin cups with cooking spray and flour; set aside To prepare batter, combine cake mix, whipped topping mix, and baking powder in a mixing bowl. In another mixing bowl, combine water, egg whites, oil, and vanilla extract. Mix dry ingredients with wet ingredients just until moistened. Spread batter evenly between muffin cups. Bake 20 minutes or until top springs back when touched. Cool. Prepare frosting mix according to package directions. Spread over cooled cupcakes. Top each cupcake with Peep and jelly beans.

14 Malvaceae.

15 Sphaeralcea coccinea Montana Native Malvaceae

16 Sidalcea oregana Montana Native Malvaceae

17 Malva moschata Montana Weedy Malvaceae

18 Cola acuminata Family: Malvaceae

19 Theobroma cacao Family: Malvaceae Do you remember what cauliflory means?

20 Cauliflory This term may be literally translated into "stem-flower." Under a strict definition it refers to flowers and inflorescences that develop directly from the trunks, limbs and main branches of woody plants. It is a marvelous adaptation for pollinators that cling to the trunks & main limbs of rain forest trees. American Redbud (Cercis canadensis) is a temperate species with cauliflorous flowers.

21 Lamb’s-Quarters Family: Amaranthaceae Springtime annual, lush gray green Grows in disturbed places. Rich soils, Poor soils do not matter We ate it on our dinner platter. In the garden we pulled it out but its fruit can make a flour, Tiny blooms with mealy heads and black shiny seeds its sum, Its goosefoot leaves do not leave tracks Chenopodium album D. Bondy 08

22 Chenopodium album Family: Amaranthaceae

23 Amaranthaceae The flowering plant (angiosperm) family Amaranthaceae, the Amaranth family, contains 169 genera and 2,360 species. Most of these species are herbs or subshrubs; very few are trees or climbers. Does anyone remember what a subshrub is?

24 Amaranthaceae This is a widespread and cosmopolitan family found mostly in subtropical and tropical regions, although many species belong in cool temperate regions. It is especially characteristic of disturbed, arid, or saline habitats. Do you think this family likes eastern Montana?

25 Amaranthaceae In the APG II system of 2003 (unchanged from the APG System of 1998), the family is placed in the order Caryopyllales. It includes the plants formerly treated as the family Chenopodiaceae. Well-known chenopodioid species include beet, lamb’s quarters, quinoa, and spinach.

26 Amaranthaceae Some species are considered weeds, but a number of others are popular garden ornamental plants, especially species from Alternanthera, Amaranthus, Celosia, and Iresine. Notable members include amaranth and tumbleweeds. Many of the species are halophytes (plants adapted to growing in salty soils.)

27 Amaranthaceae Leaf Characteristics: The leaves are simple; opposite or alternate; their margins entire or coarsely toothed, and without stipules. In most cases, there are neither basal or terminal aggregations of leaves.

28 Amaranthaceae The flowers are solitary or aggregated in cymes, spikes, or panicles and typically perfect (bisexual) and actinomorphic (star shaped). A few species have unisexual flowers. The bracteate flowers are regular with 4-5 petals, often joined. There are 1-5 stamens. The hypogynous (inferior) ovary has 3-5 joined sepals.

29 Amaranthaceae Fruit Characteristics: The fruit can be an utricle, nut, or circumscissile capsule, rarely a berry. An utricle is like an achene, but it has a compound ovary, rather than a simple one. In addition, its fruit ovary becomes bladdery or corky.

30 Amaranthaceae Although several species are often considered weeds, people around the world value plants in this family as leaf vegetables, cereal grains and ornamentals. The word comes from the Greek amarantos, the "one that does not wither," or the never-fading (flower).

31 Amaranthus caudatus Love-lies-bleeding

32 Celosia spp. Cockscomb

33 RU Paying Attention??? Fried Cockscomb?

34 Amaranthaceae Swiss chard Garden beet

35 Beta vulgaris L. Family: Amaranthaceae Sugar beets are important to our regional economy

36 Amaranthus powellii aka Powell’s Amaranth or Pigweed

37 Sarcobatus vermiculatus Family: Amaranthaceae

38 Atriplex canescens Family: Amaranthaceae 4-wing Saltbush

39 Ceratoides lanata Family: Amaranthaceae Winterfat

40 Plants and animals share the same spaces and places. Be aware.

41 Kochia spp. Family: Amaranthaceae

42 Salsola iberica Family: Amaranthaceae Russian thistle or tumbleweed

43 Pipsissewa Family: Ericaceae Evergreen plant of woody base growing near Missoula, Loves the conifers of NW climes, from BC to Montana. Used to creep along a slope and used to flavor candy, Waxy flowers pink of saucer-shape It’s rhizomatically tiny. Chimaphila menziesii D. Bondy 08

44 Chimaphila menziesii Family: Ericaceae

45 Ericaceae The Heath Family This is a family of around 4100 species in 124 genera, found all over the world. Almost half of them are in the genus Rhododendron, most of that genus coming mainly from China, and there are around 500 species of Erica, most of them from Southern Africa.

46 Ericaceae This is a family mainly of shrubs or climbers, and almost all of them are found in acidic habitats, and are dependent on fungal mycorrhiza. Most are grown for ornament, often as hedges, including Gaultheria and Pernettya, although the leaves of Kalmia species are poisonous to stock and humans.

47 Ericaceae In Great Britain, acidic moorlands are often covered in wild heather (Calluna and Erica species). That is how things are in Glocca Morra (Finian’s Rainbow.)

48 The Heather on the Hill from Brigadoon, the musical Can't we two go walkin' together, out beyond the valley of trees? Out where there's a hillside of heather, curtsyin' gently in the breeze. That's what I'd like to do: see the heather--but with you. The mist of May is in the gloamin', and all the clouds are holdin' still. So take my hand and let's go roamin' through the heather on the hill. The mornin' dew is blinkin' yonder. There's lazy music in the rill, And all I want to do is wander through the heather on the hill. There may be other days as rich and rare. There may be other springs as full and fair. But they won't be the same--they'll come and go, For this I know: That when the mist is in the gloamin', and all the clouds are holdin' still, If you're not there I won't go roamin' through the heather on the hill, The heather on the hill.

49 Plants and animals share the same spaces and places. Be aware. Bagpiper, heather, and a hill near Glocca Morra perhaps.

50 Ericaceae The fruits of a few species, e.g. Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus) and Bog Whortleberry (Vaccinium uliginosum) are edible. The cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccos) and blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum ) are cultivated for food crops. Montana huckleberries are in this family.

51 Ericaceae The original source of oil of wintergreen (methyl salicylate) is from the plant species Gaultheria procumbens. Have you ever chewed ‘wintergreen gum?’

52 Ericaceae Leaves and stem characteristics: Many members of this Family are evergreen shrubs or climbers, with woody stems. The leaves are simple without stipules, usually alternate, and are often thick, leathery and shiny. Species growing in dry conditions often have thin needle-like leaves.

53 Ericaceae Flower Characteristics: There is a calyx or four or five sepals joined at the base. The flower has four or five petals, usually joined to form a tube or trumpet. There are usually twice as many stamens as petals, and they are not attached to the corolla. There is a single style. The flowers are usually in clusters or spikes, but may be solitary.

54 Ericaceae Fruit characteristics: The ovary is usually superior but may be inferior. The fruit is usually a capsule or a berry.

55 Ericaceae Members of this Family usually have: Woody stems and simple evergreen leaves growing alternately. Clusters of flowers. Flowers with 4 or 5 petals forming a tube or trumpet. Stamens not attached to the flower tube. And are found in acidic conditions.

56 Ericaceae In Montana, Dorn 1984, genera include: Allotropa, Arctostaphylos, Cassiope, Chimaphila, Gaultheria, Hypopitys, Kalmia, Ledum, Menziesia, Moneses, Monotropa, Orthilia, Phyllodoce, Pterospora, Pyrola, Rhododendron, Vaccinum

57 Allotropa virgata Family: Ericaceae Candystick of western Montana

58 Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Family: Ericaceae Bearberry or kininikinik Bearberry or Kinnikinnik of Montana forests

59 Cassiope spp. Mountain heather of Montana

60 Gaultheria humifusa Family: Ericaceae Wintergreen of Western Montana Mountains.

61 Hypopithys monotropa Family: Ericaceae Pinesap

62 Kalmia microphylla Family: Ericaceae Laurel

63 Ledum glandulosum Family: Ericaceae Labrador tea

64 Menziesia ferruginea Family: Ericaceae Menziesia of Montana woods

65 Moneses uniflora Family: Ericaceae Moneses of Montana woods

66 Monotropa uniflora Family: Ericaceae Indian Pipe of moist Montana woods.

67 Orthilia secunda Family: Ericaceae Orthilia of Montana confierous woods

68 Phyllodoce empetriformis Family: Ericaceae Mountain heath of Montana

69 Pterospora andromedea Family: Ericaceae Pinedrops

70 Pyrola picta Family: Ericaceae Pyrola of western Montana

71 Rhododendron albiflorum Family: Ericaceae White Rhododendron of moist places in western Montana mountains.

72 Vaccinum membranaceum Family: Ericaceae Mountain Huckleberry


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