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PSAT. The PSAT can help you in two MAJOR ways: 1) Getting Scholarship Money 2) Getting SAT Practice.

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Presentation on theme: "PSAT. The PSAT can help you in two MAJOR ways: 1) Getting Scholarship Money 2) Getting SAT Practice."— Presentation transcript:

1 PSAT

2 The PSAT can help you in two MAJOR ways: 1) Getting Scholarship Money 2) Getting SAT Practice

3 Benefits of taking the PSAT The test provides: the best practice for the SAT Reasoning Test ™. the option to receive information from colleges and scholarship information information about college major interests motivation for students to think actively about preparing for college.

4 Benefits of taking the PSAT/NMSQT Additionally, when you take the test, you receive: personalized feedback on critical reading, math, and writing skills, including suggestions for improvement. information about each test question, including correct answers with full explanations online; students also have their actual test book returned with their score reports. insight into how students’ academic skills compare to their college-bound peers. free access to MyRoad, a dynamic Web-based career, major, and college exploration tool

5 Scholarships and Recognition By taking the PSAT, you may qualify to enter the competitions for prestigious scholarships and participate in recognition programs. National Merit Scholarship The National Hispanic Recognition Program The National Hispanic Recognition Program National Scholarship Service The Telluride Association

6 What is on the PSAT? What is it testing?

7 What does the PSAT actually test? Critical reading skills—using content from: humanities, social studies, natural sciences, and literature. Math reasoning skills—using content from: number and operations; algebra and functions; geometry and measurement; data analysis, statistics, and probability. Writing skills—focus on editing, grammar, usage, and organization.

8 Five Sections Critical Reading (25 minutes) Math (25 minutes) Critical Reading (25 minutes) Math (25 minutes) Writing (30 minutes)

9 PSAT Critical Reading Questions 13 Sentence Completions 35 Passage-Based Reading Questions (100- to 800-word passages)

10 PSAT Math Questions 28 Multiple-Choice Questions 10 Student-Produced Response Questions (”Grid-ins”)

11 PSAT Writing Skills Questions 20 Improving Sentences Questions 14 Identifying Sentence Error Questions 5 Improving Paragraph Questions

12 How does the PSAT compare to the SAT? Same question types, except the SAT includes an essay assignment. PSAT is 2 hours, 10 minutes; the SAT is 3 hours, 45 minutes. SAT will have a few math questions from third-year math courses; PSAT will not.

13 Sample PSAT Questions

14 Critical Reading Section Sentence Completions Roger said the report was significant; Heather contradicted him, saying that all the information presented was (A) contemporary (B) scintillating (C) objective (D) irrevocable (E) immaterial

15 Critical Reading Section Sentence Completions Roger said the report was significant; Heather contradicted him, saying that all the information presented was (A) contemporary (B) scintillating (C) objective (D) irrevocable (E) immaterial Because Heather is contradicting Roger, the correct response is the word that is most nearly the opposite of "significant.“ Choice (E) is correct. "Immaterial" means inconsequential or irrelevant. Information that is immaterial is by definition not significant.

16 Critical Reading Section Passage-Based Reading Excerpt from reading passage: After I left the room, I began to sift my impressions. Only the day before, an acquaintance had warned me to watch carefully for sleight-of-hand tricks, especially as the man had earlier been a stage conjuror.

17 Critical Reading Section Passage-Based Reading The “acquaintance” mentioned in line 2 can best be described as a (A)skeptic (B)hypocrite (C)hoaxer (D)confidant (E)mystic

18 Critical Reading Section Passage-Based Reading The “acquaintance” mentioned in line 2 can best be described as a (A)skeptic (B)hypocrite (C)hoaxer (D)confidant (E)mystic The acquaintance mentioned in line 2 warns the author to "watch carefully for sleight-of-hand tricks." Choice (A) is correct. In warning the author to watch out for tricks, the acquaintance is showing that he is skeptical about the telepathist's supposed powers.

19 Math Section Multiple Choice If ax + bx = 36, what is the value of x when a + b = 12? (A)3 (B) 6 (C) 12 (D) 24 (E) 48

20 Math Section Multiple Choice If ax + bx = 36, what is the value of x when a + b = 12? (A)3 (B) 6 (C) 12 (D) 24 (E) 48 The expression ax + bx is equivalent to (a + b) x, so the equation ax + bx = 36 is equivalent to (a + b) x = 36. When a + b = 12, the equation becomes 12x = 36, which can be solved to get x = 3.

21 If — + — = —, what is the value of h? h 1 5h Math Section Student-Produced Response

22 If — + — = —, what is the value of h? h 1 5h Math Section Student-Produced Response 4 /7 Multiply each member of the equation by 12 (the common denominator) to get 3h + 4 = 10h Subtract 3h from both sides to get 7h = 4 Divide by 7 h = 4/7.

23 Math Section Calculators are encouraged A scientific or graphing calculator is recommended. Bring one with which you are familiar. NO CELL PHONES!!!

24 A few barges still move oil up to Hartford, but in the old days they had more traffic then. (A)but in the old days they had more traffic then (B)but in the old days traffic was heavier (C)but in the old days they had a lot more (D)whereas the traffic was a lot more in the old days (E)whereas then there was more traffic in the old days Writing Section Improving Sentences

25 A few barges still move oil up to Hartford, but in the old days they had more traffic then. (A)but in the old days they had more traffic then (B)but in the old days traffic was heavier (C)but in the old days they had a lot more (D)whereas the traffic was a lot more in the old days (E)whereas then there was more traffic in the old days Writing Section Identifying Sentence Errors Choice (B) is correct. It avoids the errors of the original by eliminating both the unnecessary adverb, "then," and the vague pronoun, "they."

26 The electronic computer is a technological triumph that scientists have developed, mastered, and then put it to constantly increasing use. No error. Writing Section Identifying Sentence Errors A BC DE

27 The electronic computer is a technological triumph that scientists have developed, mastered, and then put it to constantly increasing use. No error. Writing Section Identifying Sentence Errors A B C D E The error in this sentence occurs at (B), where an unnecessary pronoun is used. The object of the verb "have... put" (like the object of the verbs "have developed" and "have... mastered") is the relative pronoun "that," which refers to "technological triumph." The pronoun "it" is therefore unnecessarily inserted after "put."

28 Writing Section Improving Paragraphs (1) The last century was a time of great technological progress. (2) Life is more convenient, comfortable, and efficient today than ever before. (3) Yet this has created new concerns. Which of the following versions of sentence 3 (reproduced below) is most effective? Yet this has created new concerns. (A)Although this has created new concerns. (B)Yet this progress has created new concerns. (C)Yet these have created new concerns. (D)Yet this has created new concerns to worry about. (E) New concerns have been created.

29 Writing Section Improving Paragraphs (1) The last century was a time of great technological progress. (2) Life is more convenient, comfortable, and efficient today than ever before. (3) Yet this has created new concerns. Which of the following versions of sentence 3 (reproduced below) is most effective? Yet this has created new concerns. (A)Although this has created new concerns. (B)Yet this progress has created new concerns. (C)Yet these have created new concerns. (D)Yet this has created new concerns to worry about. (E) New concerns have been created. Choice (B) is correct. The vague pronoun "this" is replaced by "this progress," which clearly refers to the progress mentioned in sentence 1.

30 Writing Section Practice for the SAT Essay A practice SAT essay assignment will be printed on the PSAT/NMSQT Student Score Report. Students can go online to to see sample papers written for that essay assignment and learn about how the SAT essay will be scored.

31 Sentence Completion… Hoping to the dispute, negotiators proposed a compromise that they felt would be to both labor and management. Example (A) enforce..useful (B) end..divisive (C) overcome..unattractive (D) extend..satisfactory (E) resolve..acceptable

32 Sentence Completion 1. Formerly ---- as a "dumb blond," Marilyn Monroe is now ---- as having been an intelligent, sensitive woman. (A) sensationalized... romanticized (B) sabotaged... described (C) denigrated... lauded (D) recognized... remarked upon (E) romanticized... redeemed

33 Identifying Sentence Errors Choose the letter that corresponds to the incorrect part of the sentence. If there are no errors, choose (E). Both Janet and Tiffany want to be a veterinarian and work in zoos when they grow up. (A) Both (B) a veterinarian (C) in zoos (D) they grow up (E) No error.

34 Passage Based Reading

35 Latin Root Practice

36 Greek Root Practice

37 Vocabulary Flashcards

38 PSAT Words

39 Scoring the PSAT

40 How is the PSAT scored? Multiple-choice questions: 1 point for each correct; 1/4 point deducted for each incorrect Math grid-ins: 1 point for each correct; 0 points for each incorrect (nothing deducted) 0 points for omitted questions (nothing added, nothing deducted)

41 How is the PSAT scored? Scores are reported on a scale of 20– 80 for each section: critical reading, math, and writing skills. For juniors, 47–50 is about average; for sophomores, 43–46 is about average.

42 Getting ready to take the PSAT/SAT Long-term and short-term preparation

43 Short-term Test Preparation Students should: take the full-length practice test in the Official Student Guide and get comfortable with the test format. Take time to score it, to better understand the scoring process. Visit for additional practice test itemswww.collegeboard.com/psat Sign up to receive the SAT Question of the Day at Become familiar with the types of test questions, the directions, and test format

44 Question of the Day

45 Test-Readiness Strategies Learn the directions beforehand Read all the answer choices Do scratch work in the test book Work steadily If you skip a question, be sure to note it in the test book, and leave it blank on the answer sheet. Return to it if you have time. Remember: students don’t have to answer every question to score well

46 Tips and strategies Sentence Completions Some PSAT sentence completions have two blanks rather than one. If you can guess the meaning of one blank, but not the other, scan the answer choices, looking for the word you’ve guessed. Eliminate the answer choices that don’t include it or a near-synonym, and then guess from what remains. Critical Reading Look for the main idea of each paragraph. Remember the concept of the "topic sentence"? Your English teacher may have taught you to include one in every paragraph you write. PSAT paragraphs often contain such a sentence that summarizes the central point of the paragraph. When you find one, underline it.

47 Test-readiness Strategies In most sections, the questions are arranged from easy to more difficult (except for passage-based reading in critical reading section and improving paragraphs in writing skills section) Wild guessing is discouraged, but students should make educated guesses.

48 Tips to Takeaway Don’t spend too much time on any single question. Move around in a section, answering the questions you know you can do easily and saving the hard ones for last. If you can eliminate at least one wrong answer choice, you should guess. Be careful transferring answers. Think about the question before you look at the answers.

49 To learn more… visit

50 Sources of Information omwww.scholarships.c omwww.scholarships.c omwww.scholarships.c om omwww.collegeboard.c omwww.collegeboard.c omwww.collegeboard.c om y.co.il/psat_vocabular y/ y.co.il/psat_vocabular y/ y.co.il/psat_vocabular y/ y.co.il/psat_vocabular y/  scholarships.com/100c ollege.htm. scholarships.com/100c ollege.htm scholarships.com/100c ollege.htm  cholarships/. cholarships/ cholarships/   e.org. e.org e.org   AT/psat-words-list.html AT/psat-words-list.html AT/psat-words-list.html


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