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CRYSTAL METH A Presentation By Heather Balogh, BSc, BSP student Stueck Pharmacy, Leader, SK.

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Presentation on theme: "CRYSTAL METH A Presentation By Heather Balogh, BSc, BSP student Stueck Pharmacy, Leader, SK."— Presentation transcript:

1 CRYSTAL METH A Presentation By Heather Balogh, BSc, BSP student Stueck Pharmacy, Leader, SK

2 Outline Background on its use in SKBackground on its use in SK The highThe high Short and long term consequencesShort and long term consequences How it is madeHow it is made Associated crimeAssociated crime

3 AKA: Crystal Meth Street Names Current: girls or jib or ladiesCurrent: girls or jib or ladies Smoked form: crystal, ice, glass, tinaSmoked form: crystal, ice, glass, tina Other street names: crank, yaba, gak, meth, speed, poorman’s coke, duck, yakOther street names: crank, yaba, gak, meth, speed, poorman’s coke, duck, yak

4 Patterns of Use After its first known appearance in 2000, crystal meth use escalated in Saskatchewan at an alarming rate of 200% per yearAfter its first known appearance in 2000, crystal meth use escalated in Saskatchewan at an alarming rate of 200% per year Currently, the use of crystal meth is Saskatchewan is considered steadyCurrently, the use of crystal meth is Saskatchewan is considered steady Although use is not declining, it is also not escalating as dramatically in previously yearsAlthough use is not declining, it is also not escalating as dramatically in previously years This does NOT mean it will stay that wayThis does NOT mean it will stay that way

5 Who is it? In 2000, crystal meth was mainly being used by middle to upper class CaucasiansIn 2000, crystal meth was mainly being used by middle to upper class Caucasians The rave sceneThe rave scene Approximately 15-25 year old age range; but this is not exclusiveApproximately 15-25 year old age range; but this is not exclusive Now, IV drug users and the sex trade industry are turning to crystal methNow, IV drug users and the sex trade industry are turning to crystal meth Urban AND rural settings!Urban AND rural settings!

6 Crystal Meth High Crystal meth is a stimulant drugCrystal meth is a stimulant drug The high lasts considerably longer compared with cocaineThe high lasts considerably longer compared with cocaine Euphoria: an marked feeling of being well; elationEuphoria: an marked feeling of being well; elation Decreased need to sleep, loss of appetite, muscle twitching, faster heart rate, faster breathing rate, higher body temperature, paranoia, hyperactivityDecreased need to sleep, loss of appetite, muscle twitching, faster heart rate, faster breathing rate, higher body temperature, paranoia, hyperactivity Pupil dilation pupil constrictionPupil dilation pupil constriction Crashing or ‘tweaking’ phaseCrashing or ‘tweaking’ phase

7 The “Tweaking” Phase Coming down from the high or crashingComing down from the high or crashing 2-15 days since the last time they slept2-15 days since the last time they slept Users want another hit of crystal meth, but cannot regain the original high at this pointUsers want another hit of crystal meth, but cannot regain the original high at this point Leads to frustration, paranoia, and violenceLeads to frustration, paranoia, and violence Marijuana or benzodiazepines are often used to combat the insomniaMarijuana or benzodiazepines are often used to combat the insomnia Users will crash and sleep continuously for up to 2 daysUsers will crash and sleep continuously for up to 2 days

8 Appearance of ‘Tweakers’ Crystal meth addicts do not perceive themselves as any different than they were before they began usingCrystal meth addicts do not perceive themselves as any different than they were before they began using They look in the mirror and do not see any changes in their appearanceThey look in the mirror and do not see any changes in their appearance Scabs on skin from obsessive picking Scabs between the knuckles from snorting Skin and bones Hair thinning Deterioration of the teeth Dark circles under the eyes Strong odor Raw throat and nose

9 Progression

10 The Change

11 3 years and 5 months

12 Forms of Crystal Meth Crystal meth can be smoked, ingested, injected, or snortedCrystal meth can be smoked, ingested, injected, or snorted AKA: puddling, parachuting, banging, knucklingAKA: puddling, parachuting, banging, knuckling Crystal meth can be used on its own, but is often found laced in other drugs: ecstasy or cocaine pills, cigarettes and marijuana jointsCrystal meth can be used on its own, but is often found laced in other drugs: ecstasy or cocaine pills, cigarettes and marijuana joints Laced marijuana: very chemical-like odor and taste; the high will be a combination of a marijuana high and a crystal meth highLaced marijuana: very chemical-like odor and taste; the high will be a combination of a marijuana high and a crystal meth high

13 Paraphernalia

14 Appearance of Crystal Meth

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22 Ingesting

23 Paraphernalia

24 “Well, I just want to try it once!” After one use, it will take your brain up to TWO YEARS to repair itselfAfter one use, it will take your brain up to TWO YEARS to repair itself It’s like trying to eat just one potato chip!It’s like trying to eat just one potato chip! If one hundred people were to try crystal meth together, ninety of those people would be addicted to the drug after ONE SINGLE USE!If one hundred people were to try crystal meth together, ninety of those people would be addicted to the drug after ONE SINGLE USE!

25 ‘Their souls seem to have left their bodies’

26 The Long Term Consequences PERMANENT BRAIN DAMAGEPERMANENT BRAIN DAMAGE It is becoming increasingly common for people who have abused crystal meth in the past to be diagnosed with psychiatric disordersIt is becoming increasingly common for people who have abused crystal meth in the past to be diagnosed with psychiatric disorders This includes bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and chronic short term memory lossThis includes bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and chronic short term memory loss

27 Damaged Brain Cells Do NOT Regenerate

28 Vascular Damage

29 Irreversible Damage and Scarring

30 And the Other Arm…

31 Irreversible Gum and Enamel Damage

32 Overdosing Present to hospital with same signs and symptoms as a heart attackPresent to hospital with same signs and symptoms as a heart attack Increased heart rate, increased breathing rate, chest pain, confusion, a comaIncreased heart rate, increased breathing rate, chest pain, confusion, a coma

33 Kicking the Habit The detoxification phase takes 28 daysThe detoxification phase takes 28 days Treatment of the addiction takes 170 daysTreatment of the addiction takes 170 days Addiction treatment facilities in Saskatchewan have programs that are 28 days longAddiction treatment facilities in Saskatchewan have programs that are 28 days long The addict therefore gets time to detoxify, but then is sent back out into the community without treatment of the actual addictionThe addict therefore gets time to detoxify, but then is sent back out into the community without treatment of the actual addiction

34 Kicking the Habit Bottoming outBottoming out Family and friends must not condone nor enable the drug useFamily and friends must not condone nor enable the drug use Enabling the drug use includes giving them a place to live, allowing the user to continue to steal from youEnabling the drug use includes giving them a place to live, allowing the user to continue to steal from you Most abusers hit bottom when they become homeless or are prosecuted for petty crimesMost abusers hit bottom when they become homeless or are prosecuted for petty crimes Pressing criminal charges or kicking them out of the house may seem harsh, but may also serve as a wake up call to the addict.Pressing criminal charges or kicking them out of the house may seem harsh, but may also serve as a wake up call to the addict.

35 The Rural Setting Crystal meth is penetrating into farming communitiesCrystal meth is penetrating into farming communities There is usually at least one person in the area who will go into the city and experiment with crystal meth. It is then introduced into the community and surrounding areaThere is usually at least one person in the area who will go into the city and experiment with crystal meth. It is then introduced into the community and surrounding area Crystal meth labs are easy to set up…and they go easily undetected in a rural settingCrystal meth labs are easy to set up…and they go easily undetected in a rural setting

36 Meth Labs The ‘Nazi’ method…it only takes 45 minutes from start to finish to make crystal meth on a small scaleThe ‘Nazi’ method…it only takes 45 minutes from start to finish to make crystal meth on a small scale Nothing fancy is required for a meth lab…crystal meth can be made in a truck!Nothing fancy is required for a meth lab…crystal meth can be made in a truck! No large scale meth lab have been located as of yet in Saskatchewan. Currently, the meth labs are small scale productions…hence, easily mobile and hard to bustNo large scale meth lab have been located as of yet in Saskatchewan. Currently, the meth labs are small scale productions…hence, easily mobile and hard to bust

37 Mobile Meth Lab

38 Crystal Meth in the Making

39 Pseudoephedrine or ephedrine (cough and cold products)Pseudoephedrine or ephedrine (cough and cold products) Anhydrous ammonia (kitty litter)Anhydrous ammonia (kitty litter) Sulfuric Acid (drain cleaner)Sulfuric Acid (drain cleaner) Muriatic acid (pool cleaner)Muriatic acid (pool cleaner) Battery acid (lithium batteries)Battery acid (lithium batteries) Ether (quick start for motors)Ether (quick start for motors) Red phosphorous (road flares)Red phosphorous (road flares)

40 Ingredients

41 Crystal Meth in the Making

42 Crystal Meth Labs 3-4 suspected in the province; 2 of those are confirmed3-4 suspected in the province; 2 of those are confirmed Acute risk of fires and explosions that can wipe out entire apartment buildingsAcute risk of fires and explosions that can wipe out entire apartment buildings Result in permanent damage to buildingsResult in permanent damage to buildings Inhabitants of houses/hotels previously used as meth labs are presenting with rashes and asthma symptoms due to the chemical irritants that are soaked into the walls, ceilings, and carpetsInhabitants of houses/hotels previously used as meth labs are presenting with rashes and asthma symptoms due to the chemical irritants that are soaked into the walls, ceilings, and carpets Often requires gutting of the buildingOften requires gutting of the building

43 What to look for Discarded, red-stained coffee filtersDiscarded, red-stained coffee filters Discarded coffee filters with white rockDiscarded coffee filters with white rock Discarded jugs and bottles. propane torches, rubber tubing and gloves, cheese clothe, aluminum foil, lab beakers Red stained glassware

44 Crime and Punishment Possession: ‘slap on the hand’Possession: ‘slap on the hand’ Courts have failed to be aggressive in jailing persons caught in possession of crystal methCourts have failed to be aggressive in jailing persons caught in possession of crystal meth Saskatchewan courts have yet to try a cystal meth labSaskatchewan courts have yet to try a cystal meth lab Problem: the courts are not educated in how to deal with the issue of crystal methProblem: the courts are not educated in how to deal with the issue of crystal meth Lots of regulations but very little to back up those regulations in the form of lawsLots of regulations but very little to back up those regulations in the form of laws

45 Petty Crime Although crystal meth is also referred to as poorman’s cocaine, cocaine and crystal meth actually sell for about the same priceAlthough crystal meth is also referred to as poorman’s cocaine, cocaine and crystal meth actually sell for about the same price Addicts often resort to petty theft (vehicle and house break and enters) to fund their use of crystal methAddicts often resort to petty theft (vehicle and house break and enters) to fund their use of crystal meth Women especially turn to the sex trade to fund their addictionWomen especially turn to the sex trade to fund their addiction

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47 Stay Away! Do not hang out with people who do crystal meth; the more you are around it, the more you may be temptedDo not hang out with people who do crystal meth; the more you are around it, the more you may be tempted Do not experiment: crystal meth has a 90% addiction rate!Do not experiment: crystal meth has a 90% addiction rate! The solution is not is rehabilitation after the fact…it is in never starting to use crystal meth AT ALLThe solution is not is rehabilitation after the fact…it is in never starting to use crystal meth AT ALL Talk to someone (parents, teachers, health care professional) if you have an questions or concernsTalk to someone (parents, teachers, health care professional) if you have an questions or concerns If you see signs of crystal meth labs, report it to the local RCMPIf you see signs of crystal meth labs, report it to the local RCMP Be very weary of marijuanaBe very weary of marijuana If you have friends or family who are users, do not enable themIf you have friends or family who are users, do not enable them

48 References Constable Joanna Small bones, Saskatoon Drug UnitConstable Joanna Small bones, Saskatoon Drug Unit National Institutes on Drug Abuse: http://www.drugabuse.gov/DrugPages/Methampheta mine.html. Accessed Feb. 20, 2006.National Institutes on Drug Abuse: http://www.drugabuse.gov/DrugPages/Methampheta mine.html. Accessed Feb. 20, 2006. http://www.drugabuse.gov/DrugPages/Methampheta mine.html. Accessed Feb. 20 http://www.drugabuse.gov/DrugPages/Methampheta mine.html. Accessed Feb. 20 The Faces of Meth: http://www.oregonlive.com. Accessed Feb 20, 2006.The Faces of Meth: http://www.oregonlive.com. Accessed Feb 20, 2006.http://www.oregonlive.com http://www.crystalrecovery.com. Accessed Feb 20, 2006.http://www.crystalrecovery.com. Accessed Feb 20, 2006.http://www.crystalrecovery.com

49 QUESTIONS?QUESTIONS?


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