Presentation on theme: "1 US Electronic Product Stewardship Heather S. Bowman Electronic Industries Alliance Director Environmental Affairs and Deputy General Counsel APEX February."— Presentation transcript:
1 US Electronic Product Stewardship Heather S. Bowman Electronic Industries Alliance Director Environmental Affairs and Deputy General Counsel APEX February 24, 2004
2 Presentation Overview I.Electronic Industries Alliance II.Elements of Global Regulations driving Electronics Product Stewardship in the United States III.United States Environmental Laws III.2004 Legislation – Electronics Recycling IV.Voluntary Initiatives V.Questions/For More Information
3 2,500 Members 80% of a $430 billion industry Unique alliance structure Environmental Issues Council Public Policy Meetings & Networking Standards & Technology Electronic Industries Alliance
4 Electronic Industries Alliance “The Whole is Greater Than the Sum of the Individual Parts” Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA) (JEDEC) NSTEP National Science & Technology Education Partnership (Foundation) Affiliates Consumer Electronics Association (CEA) Government Electronics & Information Technology Association (GEIA) Electronic Components, Assemblies & Materials Association (ECA) Electronic Representative Association (ERA) Internet Security Alliance (ISAlliance) National Association of Relay Manufactures (NARM)
5 Examples of Regulatory Elements 1.Require Life Cycle Assessments when Products are Designed 2.Ban Certain Chemicals from Use in Products 3.Require Consumer Notification and/or Product Labeling at point of sale 4.Require Electronic Products to Achieve Certain Energy Efficiency During Use 5.Require Collection and Proper EOL Management * Europe and parts of Asia in lead; Americas moving forward
6 US Recycling Legislation Federal Level – US EPA CRT Rule, Thompson legislation, Appropriations language Maine, Minnesota, Massachusetts, California and Washington all ban CRTs from landfill – either by law or regulation In September 2003, California Enacted First State Law Establishing a System for Electronics Recycling SB20 will Impose Fee ($6-$10) on Sale of CRT/Display Products starting in July 2004 Implement EU RoHS directive for covered products in 2007 Working with DTSC and CIWMB to implement fairly
7 Scope of CA SB 20 Scope of Products, per SB 20 definition Currently only CRTs (TVs, Computer Monitors) Others, Flat Panel Screens, other Video Display Devices greater than 4” diagonally, subjected to testing SB 20 RoHS provision references this scope of “covered electronic devices” Regulations cannot go beyond requirements in other parts of SB 20, i.e. different product scope, etc Regulations also cannot prohibit product allowed in EU Chemicals Banned by SB 20 (“presence of certain heavy metals”) Lead Mercury Cadmium Hexavalent chromium
8 Relevant EU RoHS Exemptions Mercury in compact fluorescent lamps not exceeding 5 mg per lamp. Mercury in straight fluorescent lamps for general purposes not exceeding: - halophosphate 10 mg;- triphosphate with normal lifetime 5 mg, long lifetime 8 mg Mercury in straight fluorescent lamps for special purposes. Mercury in other lamps not specifically mentioned in this Annex.
9 Relevant EU RoHS Exemptions Lead in glass of cathode ray tubes, electronic components and fluorescent tubes. Lead as an alloying element in steel containing up to 0,35% lead by weight, aluminum containing up to 0,4% lead by weight and as a copper alloy containing up to 4% lead by weight. Lead in high melting temperature type solders (i.e. tin-lead solder alloys containing more than 85% lead), and any lower melting temperature solder required to be used with high melting temperature solder to complete a viable electrical connection Yellow text addition suggested to the EU TAC in May 2003 Cadmium plating except for applications banned under Directive 91/338/EEC 1.
10 Need Harmonization SB 20 references RoHS directive as it stood on January 27, 2003 DTSC can implement regulations to track the evolving EU changes Need ability to evolve regulations after 2007 Industry is also learning more and more as we prepare to comply with the law, so we continue to share information with the TAC (and the Commission) so its decisions are based on the latest scientific and technical evidence available. In order to ensure harmonization and the ability for companies to market products globally, high tech industry has requested and continues to advocate for IDENTICAL IMPLEMENTATION of RoHS requirements.
US State Legislation Total of 52 bills introduced (several in some states) Full Producer Responsibility MD, MA, MN, NY (cell phones), PA, RI, VT, WI Advanced Recovery Fee CA, CT, HI, IL, MD, NE, SC, TN Landfill Ban or Study Committee ID (Res), MI, NM, NY, RI, WA (amend) Combination of ARF/Partial Cost Internalization Maine – DEP recommendation after Advisory Committee Meetings over summer
12 US Legislation Concerns Level Playing Field Enforcement Consumer reaction Use of funds and true costs Consumers Company Government Design Restrictions: Harmonization with EU, China
13 Industry Initiatives EIA Consumer Education Initiative (www.eiae.org)www.eiae.org Provides Consumers with Recycling and Reuse Opportunities for Electronics Manufacturers individual voluntary programs listed EIA Track (www.eiatrack.org)www.eiatrack.org International Regulatory Tracking Database for Electronics Industry EIA Material Declaration Guide Industry Supply Chain Procurement Tool to Ensure Global Sale - US, Europe, Japan
14 Conclusions Diversity in approaches, the book is not closed, wait to evaluate how any of the laws will apply in practice Jurisdictions differ on elements of product stewardship bills, however many common elements: Landfill bans Fees (point of sale or point of disposal) Chemical bans Producer responsibly Voluntary / Market driven Over next 5 years anticipate jurisdictions without take back laws may see pressure to enact
15 For More Information: Heather Bowman Director of Environmental Affairs Deputy General Counsel Electronic Industries Alliance 2500 Wilson Blvd Arlington, VA Tel: (703) Fax: (703)