Presentation on theme: "US Electronic Product Stewardship"— Presentation transcript:
1US Electronic Product Stewardship Heather S. BowmanElectronic Industries AllianceDirector Environmental Affairs and Deputy General CounselAPEXFebruary 24, 2004
2Presentation Overview Electronic Industries AllianceElements of Global Regulations driving Electronics Product Stewardship in the United StatesUnited States Environmental Laws2004 Legislation – Electronics RecyclingVoluntary InitiativesQuestions/For More Information
3Standards & Technology Electronic Industries AlliancePublic PolicyStandards & TechnologyMeetings & Networking2,500 Members80% of a $430 billion industryUnique alliance structureEnvironmental Issues Council
4Electronic Industries Alliance “The Whole is Greater Than the Sum of the Individual Parts” Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA)(JEDEC)NSTEP National Science & Technology Education Partnership (Foundation)AffiliatesConsumer Electronics Association (CEA)Government Electronics & Information Technology Association (GEIA)Electronic Components, Assemblies & Materials Association (ECA)Electronic Representative Association (ERA)Internet Security Alliance (ISAlliance)National Association of Relay Manufactures (NARM)
5Examples of Regulatory Elements Require Life Cycle Assessments when Products are DesignedBan Certain Chemicals from Use in ProductsRequire Consumer Notification and/or Product Labeling at point of saleRequire Electronic Products to Achieve Certain Energy Efficiency During UseRequire Collection and Proper EOL Management* Europe and parts of Asia in lead; Americas moving forward
6US Recycling Legislation Federal Level – US EPA CRT Rule, Thompson legislation, Appropriations languageMaine, Minnesota, Massachusetts, California and Washington all ban CRTs from landfill – either by law or regulationIn September 2003, California Enacted First State Law Establishing a System for Electronics RecyclingSB20 will Impose Fee ($6-$10) on Sale of CRT/Display Products starting in July 2004Implement EU RoHS directive for covered products in 2007Working with DTSC and CIWMB to implement fairly
7Scope of CA SB 20 Scope of Products, per SB 20 definition Currently only CRTs (TVs, Computer Monitors)Others, Flat Panel Screens, other Video Display Devices greater than 4” diagonally, subjected to testingSB 20 RoHS provision references this scope of “covered electronic devices”Regulations cannot go beyond requirements in other parts of SB 20, i.e. different product scope, etcRegulations also cannot prohibit product allowed in EUChemicals Banned by SB 20 (“presence of certain heavy metals”)LeadMercuryCadmiumHexavalent chromium
8Relevant EU RoHS Exemptions Mercury in compact fluorescent lamps not exceeding 5 mg per lamp.Mercury in straight fluorescent lamps for general purposes not exceeding: - halophosphate 10 mg;- triphosphate with normal lifetime 5 mg, long lifetime 8 mgMercury in straight fluorescent lamps for special purposes.Mercury in other lamps not specifically mentioned in this Annex.
9Relevant EU RoHS Exemptions Lead in glass of cathode ray tubes, electronic components and fluorescent tubes.Lead as an alloying element in steel containing up to 0,35% lead by weight, aluminum containing up to 0,4% lead by weight and as a copper alloy containing up to 4% lead by weight.Lead in high melting temperature type solders (i.e. tin-lead solder alloys containing more than 85% lead), and any lower melting temperature solder required to be used with high melting temperature solder to complete a viable electrical connectionYellow text addition suggested to the EU TAC in May 2003Cadmium plating except for applications banned under Directive 91/338/EEC 1.
10Need HarmonizationSB 20 references RoHS directive as it stood on January 27, 2003DTSC can implement regulations to track the evolving EU changesNeed ability to evolve regulations after 2007Industry is also learning more and more as we prepare to comply with the law, so we continue to share information with the TAC (and the Commission) so its decisions are based on the latest scientific and technical evidence available.In order to ensure harmonization and the ability for companies to market products globally, high tech industry has requested and continues to advocate for IDENTICAL IMPLEMENTATION of RoHS requirements.
112004 US State LegislationTotal of 52 bills introduced (several in some states)Full Producer ResponsibilityMD, MA, MN, NY (cell phones), PA, RI, VT, WIAdvanced Recovery FeeCA, CT, HI, IL, MD, NE, SC, TNLandfill Ban or Study CommitteeID (Res), MI, NM, NY, RI, WA (amend)Combination of ARF/Partial Cost InternalizationMaine – DEP recommendation after Advisory Committee Meetings over summer
12US Legislation Concerns Level Playing FieldEnforcementConsumer reactionUse of funds and true costsConsumersCompanyGovernmentDesign Restrictions: Harmonization with EU, China
13EIA Consumer Education Initiative (www.eiae.org) Industry InitiativesEIA Consumer Education Initiative (www.eiae.org)Provides Consumers with Recycling and Reuse Opportunities for ElectronicsManufacturers individual voluntary programs listedEIA Track (www.eiatrack.org)International Regulatory Tracking Database for Electronics IndustryEIA Material Declaration GuideIndustry Supply Chain Procurement Tool to Ensure Global Sale - US, Europe, Japan
14ConclusionsDiversity in approaches, the book is not closed, wait to evaluate how any of the laws will apply in practiceJurisdictions differ on elements of product stewardship bills, however many common elements:Landfill bansFees (point of sale or point of disposal)Chemical bansProducer responsiblyVoluntary / Market drivenOver next 5 years anticipate jurisdictions without take back laws may see pressure to enact
15Heather Bowman For More Information: Director of Environmental Affairs Deputy General CounselElectronic Industries Alliance2500 Wilson BlvdArlington, VA 22201Tel: (703)Fax: (703)