Presentation on theme: "Centre for Transport Studies ICPS London April 2014 Assessing risk in the context of road safety Safety management systems in Europe and the UK Heather."— Presentation transcript:
Centre for Transport Studies ICPS London April 2014 Assessing risk in the context of road safety Safety management systems in Europe and the UK Heather Ward
Centre for Transport Studies Risk of death and serious injury on the roads of the world 1.24 million killed on the roads each year 20-50 million sustain non-fatal injuries Young adults between 15 and 44 years account for 59% of global road traffic deaths
Centre for Transport Studies Factors leading to collisions Fatigue - sleepiness Drink and drugs Foreign drivers Overloaded or poorly maintained vehicles Illegal speeding and other violations Mobile phones and other distractions Road related features
Centre for Transport Studies Governments pass legislation to regulate conduct of drivers - important to reduce risk factors leading to road deaths and injuries speed limits, safety-belts and child-restraint laws, helmet laws, blood-alcohol concentration limits, daytime running light requirements, mobile phone laws, and licensing regulations.
European Regulations governing working goods vehicles over 3.5 tonnes, buses over 8 seats, and coaches over 15 seats Size and weight of goods vehicles Drivers’ hours of working Maximum speed of goods vehicles Mirrors, side and rear under-run protection
Centre for Transport Studies EU permitted length, weight and height lengthweightheight Buses and coaches 12m rigid 18m articulated 4.57m Rigid hgv12m18 tonnen/a Articulated hgv 16.5m 18m with trailer 18.5m road train 40 tonne 44 tonne if road friendly suspension n/a
Centre for Transport Studies Maximum driving time to address fatigue 9 hours in a day - this can be extended to 10 hours twice a week 56 hours in a week 90 hours in any 2 consecutive weeks
Centre for Transport Studies Top speed is limited National speed limits for vehicle type and weight apply when lower than the top speed which limiter controls. Tachographs give speed driven. –Bus - 100 km/h –Coach – 122 km/h (in UK 100km/h) –HGV over 3.5 tonne 90 km/h
Centre for Transport Studies Some safety features on HGVs Nearside turning vehicles dangerous for cyclists and pedestrians as can get caught in blind spot. Mirrors are required Under-run protection helps stop cyclists and pedestrians being dragged under the wheels. Solid ‘skirts’ are best but side and rear protection required
Centre for Transport Studies Each country responsible for enforcement of EU regulations on their own roads Each vehicle must be fitted with a tachograph to automatically record speed, distance, driving time and rest time All UK and European drivers on UK roads legally required to record their activities and produce them on demand to police or DVSA Operators/employers must download weekly record from each driver and keep for one year
Centre for Transport Studies Driver and Vehicle Services Agency and Police Check authorised load weights and type of load permitted Check vehicles (lorries, buses and coaches) for roadworthiness and mechanical faults DVSA conducts statutory testing and issues certificates Look at tachograph records Make sure driver has a valid occupational driving licence Issue penalty notices and impound vehicles
Centre for Transport Studies Safety management systems for occupational road risk in the UK The casualty problem Legislation, regulation and enforcement Driver responsibilities Operator/company responsibilities ISO39001 and safety management
Centre for Transport Studies Road users killed or injured by an at-work driver/rider
Centre for Transport Studies The casualty situation Commercial vehicles involved in about 19% of fatal collisions in 2013 This is a big issue which has been difficult to resolve Vehicle type Percent of total Rate per billion veh km Bus and coach 226 Light van 6 4.1 HGV >3.5 t 1110
Centre for Transport Studies Who is responsible for work related road safety? The European Union through vehicle and driver driving time standards Department for Transport for road safety policy and statistics The Police and the Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency (DVSA) for enforcement and compliance The Health and Safety Executive for work place safety and risk
Centre for Transport Studies Europe and UK do not regulate cars and light vans used for work The EU regulates commercial vehicles but the employer still has responsibility for managing their risks A company where cars and/or light vans are used for work needs a good road safety management structure with a written policy and clear lines of management responsibility The Health and Safety Executive is responsible for workplace safety
Centre for Transport Studies Health and Safety legislation The Health and Safety at Work Act requires employers to ensure the safety of their employees whilst at work and ensure members of the public are not put at risk by work related driving activities Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations requires employers to assess and manage risks to employees and others.
Centre for Transport Studies Some reasons given by companies for not managing work related road safety ( Source Driving for Better Business) My drivers know how to handle their vehicles Everyone has passed a driving test Everyone has a driving license before we let them drive I can’t influence the behaviour of people when they drive Driving isn’t anything to do with health and safety Driver training will fix the problem My insurance covers the costs so why worry Some Road Traffic Collisions are inevitable and there is nothing I can do about that.
Centre for Transport Studies Driving for Better Business Government recognised need to give higher priority to work related road safety especially for cars and vans Need a systematic programme which encouraged Health and Safety practices applied to driving at work A document was published by health and Safety Executive on managing work related road safety http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/indg382.htm
Centre for Transport Studies Managing work related road safety has many benefits Fewer days lost due to injury; Reduced risk of work-related ill health; Reduced stress and improved morale; Fewer incidents mean less need for investigation and paperwork; Less lost time due to work rescheduling; Fewer vehicles off the road for repair; Reduced running costs through better driving standards; Fewer missed orders and business opportunities so reduced risk of losing the goodwill of customers.
Centre for Transport Studies Driving for Better Business – 10 essential elements for Companies 1.Assign a senior manager 2.Incorporate Health and Safety policy to driving 3.Do risk assessments and act on results 4.Properly record every incident and analyse to prevent recurrence 5.Written guidance for drivers 6.Vet drivers to ensure fit, licenced competent and well trained 7.Ensure vehicles suitable for purpose 8.Ensure vehicles regularly inspected and maintained 9.Is journey necessary by car/van large HGV 10.Is journey time realistic re speed and rest breaks
Can through the process of tendering for services require suppliers to demonstrate they have safety management systems in place An example is Crossrail in London which is building a new railway from west to east London Has extensive contract requirements including for vehicle equipment and driver training to enhance safety The tendering process for good and services
ISO 39001 RTS management system needs procedures and processes to built in to the company management system Leadership and commitment to safety from management Written policies communicated and understood throughout company with systems in place to regularly review and update Clear structure for responsibility and authority for safety in company A set of realistic performance indicators which can be measured Evaluate the risks so can ensure staff well trained and understand context in which they are operating Create a safety culture in the organisation e.g. drink, drugs, fatigue, competence, which is continually monitored and updated and in which everyone is involved Legal compliance
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