2 Poetic Content and Form The meaning or significance of a literary or artistic work.The content of a poem refers to the "what" - that it describes, tells or shows. A poem's content includes the context or situation of the poem as well as the subject, matter, meanings, theme and purpose.Form:The metrical or stanzaic organization of poetry.This is an elaborate way of saying "the placement of words and spaces in a poem to help create the intended effect“. This can include something as highly structured as a sonnet or haiku, or something very loose, like free verse.The Form of the poem is the "how" - how the poet communicates the poem's content with the audience. Describing a poem's form means addressing such matter as figures of speech, sound devices, and imagery used by the poet to accomplish his or her purpose.
3 How does the positioning of words on the page contribute to this poem? Try it yourself! take these words and put them on the page the way you think is most effective.Bad Dream A few minutes ago you called out my name and I found you sitting in the middle of your bed in the dark trembling. What had stepped out of your dreams and chased you this time? “Just a pretend bear, Daddy?” I stroke your hair, damp with sweat, and in a moment, you’re asleep. I dread the time that’s coming— the time when your tears can’t be kissed away by me.
5 How does the positioning of words on the page contribute to this poem? Why do these words get their own lines?As it turns out, this is not the final draft of this poem…Does this change the context of the poem?WHOSE BAD DREAM?
6 What effect is achieved by presenting these words in this manner? What’s the difference?What effect is achieved by presenting these words in this manner?
7 “I write half the poem. The reader writes the other half” What does this mean?
8 What did the fish say when he hit a wall? DAM! Why is this funny? writers depend on the reader bringing personal experiences and prior knowledge to the story.What did the fish say when he hit a wall? DAM! Why is this funny?
9 Would this poem hold greater meaning if you knew who Buffalo Bill was?
10 Read the following and write down how you “connect” to this poem: And both that morning equally lay In leaves no step had trodden black. Oh, I kept the first for another day! Yet knowing how way leads on to way, I doubted if I should ever come back. I shall be telling this with a sigh Somewhere ages and ages hence: Two roads diverged in a wood, and I-- I took the one less traveled by, And that has made all the difference.-Robert FrostTHE ROAD NOT TAKENTwo roads diverged in a yellow wood, And sorry I could not travel both And be one traveler, long I stood And looked down one as far as I could To where it bent in the undergrowth. Then took the other, as just as fair, And having perhaps the better claim, Because it was grassy and wanted wear; Though as for that the passing there Had worn them really about the same.
12 Language choices as form. What has happened in this poem? Write a paragraph to explain what you think has happened.
13 What is the one key word that unlocks this poem?
14 Language choices are precise! la⋅dy [ley-dee] noun, plural -dies, adjective–noun 1.a woman who is refined, polite, and well-spoken: She may be poor and have little education, but she's a real lady 2.a woman of high social position or economic class: She was born a lady and found it hard to adjust to her reduced circumstances.
15 Dulce et decorum est Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori: mors et fugacem persequitur virum nec parcit inbellis iuventae poplitibus timidove tergo.How sweet and fitting it is to die for one's country: Death pursues the man who flees,spares not the hamstrings or cowardly backsOf battle-shy youths.Horace (Odes iii 2.13):
16 Dulce et decorum estBent double, like old beggars under sacks, Knock-kneed, coughing like hags, we cursed through sludge, Till on the haunting flares2 we turned our backs And towards our distant rest3 began to trudge. Men marched asleep. Many had lost their boots But limped on, blood-shod. All went lame; all blind; Drunk with fatigue; deaf even to the hoots4 Of tired, outstripped5 Five-Nines6 that dropped behind. Gas!7 Gas! Quick, boys! – An ecstasy of fumbling, Fitting the clumsy helmets8 just in time; But someone still was yelling out and stumbling, And flound'ring like a man in fire or lime Dim, through the misty panes10 and thick green light, As under a green sea, I saw him drowning. In all my dreams, before my helpless sight, He plunges at me, guttering,11 choking, drowning. If in some smothering dreams you too could pace Behind the wagon that we flung him in, And watch the white eyes writhing in his face, His hanging face, like a devil's sick of sin; If you could hear, at every jolt, the blood Come gargling from the froth-corrupted lungs, Obscene as cancer, bitter as the cud12 Of vile, incurable sores on innocent tongues, My friend, you would not tell with such high zest13 To children ardent14 for some desperate glory, The old Lie; Dulce et Decorum est Pro patria mori.15 WILFRED OWEN
17 1 DULCE ET DECORUM EST - the first words of a Latin saying (taken from an ode by Horace). The words were widely understood and often quoted at the start of the First World War. They mean "It is sweet and right." The full saying ends the poem: Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori - it is sweet and right to die for your country. In other words, it is a wonderful and great honour to fight and die for your country 2 rockets which were sent up to burn with a brilliant glare to light up men and other targets in the area between the front lines (See illustration, page 118 of Out in the Dark.) 3 a camp away from the front line where exhausted soldiers might rest for a few days, or longer 4 the noise made by the shells rushing through the air 5 outpaced, the soldiers have struggled beyond the reach of these shells which are now falling behind them as they struggle away from the scene of battle 6 Five-Nines calibre explosive shells 7 poison gas. From the symptoms it would appear to be chlorine or phosgene gas. The filling of the lungs with fluid had the same effects as when a person drowned 8 the early name for gas masks 9 a white chalky substance which can burn live tissue 10 the glass in the eyepieces of the gas masks 11 Owen probably meant flickering out like a candle or gurgling like water draining down a gutter, referring to the sounds in the throat of the choking man, or it might be a sound partly like stuttering and partly like gurgling 12 normally the regurgitated grass that cows chew; here a similar looking material was issuing from the soldier's mouth 13 high zest - idealistic enthusiasm, keenly believing in the rightness of the idea 14 keen 15 see note 1
18 Poetry challenge: Create a website to dissect a poem. You choose the poetYou choose the poemIdentify influences and references in the poemIdentify influences and themes in the poet’s body of workIdentify other pieces in the poet’s body of workReference page – give credit where credit is due.
19 Some ideas:Effective web designPossible layout options?Inspiration?