Presentation on theme: "PARTS OF WORD / DISSECTING The main part of a word is the root (think: tree is rooted into ground; the base) A prefix can come at the beginning (think:"— Presentation transcript:
PARTS OF WORD / DISSECTING The main part of a word is the root (think: tree is rooted into ground; the base) A prefix can come at the beginning (think: pre meaning before) A suffix can come at the end of the word (identifies the part of speech, can change the meaning of the word)
PARTS OF WORD / DISSECTING When we dissect a word, we want to break apart the root from the prefixes and suffixes Not all word will have a prefix and suffix
PARTS OF SPEECH To really understand the word, you need to understand the connection between suffix and the part of speech Therefore, we’re going to review the parts of speech
NOUNS Person, Place, Thing, Idea Concrete Nouns: a noun that the five sense can detect Puppy – can you smell it? See it? Feel it? Hear it? Taste it? (please don’t) Abstract Nouns: a noun that the five senses cannot detect! Bravery – can you smell it? See it? Taste it? Feel it? Hear it? Abstract NounsConcrete Nouns deceit dedication curiosity trust relaxation the President teacher cat airplane bubble bath
SUBJECTS, VERBS, DIRECT OBJECTS – AS TOLD BY CHOMPCHOMP A direct object will follow a transitive verb [a type of action verb]. Direct objects can be nouns, pronouns, phrases, or clauses. If you can identify the subject and verb in a sentence, then finding the direct object—if one exists—is easy. Just remember this simple formula: subject + verb + what? or who? = direct object Here are examples of the formula in action: Zippy and Maurice played soccer with a grapefruit pulled from a backyard tree. Zippy, Maurice = subjects; played = verb. Zippy and Maurice played what? Soccer = direct object.
VERBS Make statements about nouns; express actions, conditions, or states of being Intransitive An action verb that does not have a direct object Huffing and puffing, we arrived at the classroom door with only seven seconds to spare. Arrived = intransitive verb. Transitive An action verb with a direct object Sylvia kicked Juan under the table. Kicked = transitive verb; Juan = direct object.
ADJECTIVES Descriptive words; describe what kind, which one, how many Can be used as a word, phrase, or clause http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6Nuxeh4V1ng http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6Nuxeh4V1ng
ADVERBS Change the meaning of verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs Answer the questions how, when, where, why