2 About Andy 24 years old, from London Enjoy filming! The mind! Statistics!The mind!Writing!
3 About Andy Football Analysis: Cheltenham Town, Liverpool, Chelsea Coach: Cheltenham Town, Hereford United, Worcester City, Worcestershire FAPlaying: Amateur/Semi Pro, 8 different Sports at University, Great Britain & England Blind Football (sighted goalkeeper)AcademicMsc Sports Coaching, Bsc (hons) Sports Science, Diploma in Sports ManagementUEFA B + UEFA B Goalkeeping - currently completingISPAS (International Society of Performance Analysis in Sport) Accredited Level 6 analyst
5 Contents Video Analysis – History, Systems & Implementation Biomechanics – Movements & TechniquesPerformance Analysis – Created SystemsResearchGames Based TrainingThe FutureAll of the stats are fictitious – only to show how the system worksCan only show certain clips – mainly to show processes not specific information
7 Video Analysis Quick Background A key component of the coaching processReduces the gap between subjective (views and opinions) and objective (evidence and observations) reasoningUsed to monitor, develop, measure and enhance Key Performance Indicators – KPIsPositive re-enforcement – especially for young GKsDue to my experiences in goalkeeping can tailor everything to meet needs and work closely with coachesPROVIDES EVIDENCE
8 Video Analysis Easily accessible??? Basic video cameras come with editing softwareFree software available onlineNot as expensive as you might thinkBenefits and supplement to coaching –Priceless!
9 Video Analysis Software SportsCode – very advanced and powerful analysis toolKinovea – My own software – used at other clubs and in my own coachingStorage of sessionsLibrary of saves, technical points and feedback examples
10 Video Analysis For GKs Overview Looked around for analysis systems for GKs……….didn’t find anything useableVery generic and not GK specificUsing general football ideas and research through Msc and coaching was able to explore new ideasMy Msc dissertation found a large gap in GK video and performance analysis at youth development levelThrough starting video support in my own sessions has enabled me to be in the position I am today
11 GK Performance Analyst Video Analysis For GKsGK Performance AnalystAnalystCoachPlayer
12 Video Analysis For GKs Match Viewing Traditional ‘TV’ view gives limited feedback opportunities i.e. usually when the GK is directly involved in playPrevious research dictated that GKs aren’t involved in play 85% of the match (based upon 1 season – don’t need statistics to realise this)Wanted to investigate ‘off the ball’ involvementHave tried filming from behind the goal for GK’s viewCame up with a GK player cam and match view playing together
13 Video Analysis For GKs Match viewing Opens up previously neglected areas:Positioning without the ballSupport playCommunicationStarting positions‘Coding’ specific to GKs – when matches are reviewed the individual clips are broken down into the above areas along with shots, crosses, set plays, counter attacks and distribution.
14 Video – GK Development Plans Built into their weekly plans – specific sessionsMon – Matches/Thurs – Weekly Training (Also when necessary)Constant liaising with coachesDone in the following ways:Coach – GK Coach – GK – AnalystAnalyst – GK (after consultation with coach)1 GK or a group depending on the analysis sessionUsed to assist report writing and performance monitoring e.g. jump testing
15 Video – GK Development Plans: Matches GK would look back at their coded match areas with the coach on a 1 to 1 basisMy role as analyst is to prepare selected clips and whatever information the coach wants (more on this later)Coach would feedback their points from the game. A very interactive process that gets the GK thinking about their whole performanceWhen coaching I do this myself so assuming both roles
16 Video – GK Development Plans: Training Broken down into small clips or 1 main coaching pointMost feedback takes place after the sessionIn some instances the coach will stop the session and use immediate feedback looking at the clips there and thenComparisons of techniques – split screensZoom in to really dissect techniqueWidescreen to look at set position and positioning in the goalExperimented with various angles – depending on the coaches direction or session topic e.g. dive angle
17 Video – GK Development Plans: Training 2 cameras for the same action (gives a good reflection how the GK is moving)Young GKs love seeing videos! Use this engagement to productive a productive environmentShort – sweet – to the point…don’t overload with hours of clips focus on the points you want to makeStructure is the key!
20 How To Use?The GKs work mostly on their own performance, but also the below model can be applied:Self – own performancesPeers – others in their club/age group to start discussion and questionsIdeal – Pro GKs – Match of the DaySaves of the week, YouTube videosQuestion sheets and grading used
21 How To Use? Ideal Model – However… Previous academic research states that this approach can be dangerous because it assumes this skills are applicable to all levels of performance…A need to keep reviewing the ‘most appropriate’ skills and techniquesBased upon areas such as ball changes, player evolvement, roles in the team and trial and error of practiceAre there ‘ideal’ saves or movements for Gks?KEEP CHALLENGING OURSELVES!BE ONE STEP AHEAD OF THE OPPOSITION
22 How To Use?Interactive session plans – example real life video drills next to traditional session plansiPad being worked onFeedback presentations – using video clips of the ‘ideal’ drill execution or exercise to compare their session toSelected video clips on a PowerPoint video annotated notes and coaching points on
23 Coach Assistance… Head down…strike the ball…??? When serving and involved in the session…sometimes hard to see the GKs initial movements and savesSo much going on in a sessionVideo allows for recall of all incidents! Assists the coach to look at sessions and matches retrospectively
24 SummaryAn extremely powerful tool if structured and delivered appropriatelyTried and tested a variety of different feedback and interaction methodsEasy to use if the basic resources are available, You don’t need high-tech software to produce video analysisEver growing and evolving area of goalkeeping development and performance
26 Biomechanics Overview Study of human movement Looked at: Set positions – grounded feet upon shot impactCOM – velocity, quickest route…Dive anglesPower step and force movementJumping techniquesGeneral motor skills in relation to goalkeepingOther sportsCant show the best examples unfortunately!
27 Biomechanics Basic Handling: Where the GK catches the ball Relating to their bodyWatch the ball!Wouldn’t believe throughout all the sessions + matches how many GKs don’t watch the ball
28 Biomechanics Diving Power and Angle: Unfortunately can’t show my detailed work here…‘Diving’ PositionHead - Behind the ball.Hands - Will lead, take the ball early as possible and keep the elbows in front of the line of body.Feet – Step off the nearest foot to the ball, off the front studs at a 45 degree angle.
29 Biomechanics Diving Power and Angle: Working on moving head and hands towards the ballStronger body shapeStepping into the dive and not collapsingQuicker movements – broken down into 3 areas of analysisPrevious research – in addition to my own analysis and observations over the past few years
30 BiomechanicsDiving Power and Angle:InitiationTake offBall contact
32 Biomechanics Crossing: Working on the ‘standard’ crossing coaching pointsPoint the toe ‘up’ to engage the leg muscles for more power and stabilityWorking a lot of ‘timing’ and the ‘decision making’ behind crossing – a lot of video work (initial movements)
33 BiomechanicsWatched hundreds of training sessions, matches, gym sessions!!!Goalkeeping is a 360 degree reaction position, not just reaction saves but responding to crosses, through balls, shots, defensive situations, starting attacks etc…Very rarely are 2 actions ever the same – obviously similarities but due to the nature of the game movements are always varied – need to practice ‘unorthodox’ actions – examples?
34 Biomechanics Use/advocate quick powerful movements: Plyometrics Futsal, Basketball, Handball, Tennis, Badminton, Hockey, Volleyball and Gaelic Football movements – similarities from all sports – Youth LevelPowerful – Quick – Dynamic – Reaction – AgilityTrain in isolation/build into technical practicesBased upon research and observations + Use in my own coaching
35 BiomechanicsVaried unpredictable practice (more on this later…)
37 BiomechanicsGets the body moving in ‘irregular/non linear ways’ – which is what a GK performs in a matchDo we coach the drill or the actual session topic?Should we coach a variety of techniques and movements so the GK is ‘equipped’ with the tools to be successful in any situation?Have GK’s using their whole bodies to save if necessaryMore on my research later on…….
38 SummaryTake elements of other sports actions – training – movements into GK trainingAdd to the specific match trainingStudies have looked to find areas to improve i.e. dive techniques, jumpingWays to which to work on theseA lot more work to be done – more on this at the end
40 Performance Analysis Overview Performance Analysis is the holistic part of the roles I’ve assumedCombining video, biomechanics, statistics, coach dialogue, development plans, feedback, performance monitoring, psychology – the whole processStatistics – good but can be misleading at times…used to try and add a different dimensionA vital part of the coaching process
41 Performance Analysis Statistical Saving SnapShot A more accurate way of measuring saves ratios – ‘Johnny your save % this season was 65%’...what does that even mean!!!What kinds of saves? What type of shots? Where from?Without over-kill here, have designed this systemSee hand-out for more details
42 Performance Analysis Statistical Inspired by… Moneyball! Wanted to investigate statistics in GKs furtherTo see if I could find ‘relevant’ and ‘useable’ data for coachesExamples of a few systems – ever evolving but used for past 2/3 seasons at youth and pro level
47 Performance Analysis Saving SnapShot Looking for trends Records saves and goals ratiosEasy to recordAlways looking to evolve and make more accuratePlans to add ‘saves with the feet’ along with a few more ideasSome coaches prefer visuals, some statisticsAlways important, if possible, to have video footage to backup the statistics
48 Performance Analysis Distribution Created 4 years ago – found a couple of similar methods but didn’t produce the statistics I wantedMeasures:FrequencySuccessRetention
49 Performance Analysis Distribution Pitch Maps Trends Individual Distribution ActionsTime on the ball – long/short distributionOverall statistics – see hand-out (wouldn’t give all this information to a coach
51 GK Conference FC v Barcelona Andy Elleray - 16/06/2012 2nd halfGK Conference FC v BarcelonaAndy Elleray - 16/06/2012KeyWon – Poss RetainedWon – Poss LostLost – Poss RetainedLost – Poss LostThrow1st Half
52 Performance Analysis Distribution Match + GKGK ActionsWonLost%RetainedNotBarcelona (AE)128467%11192%Real Madrid (AE)3023777%2010Ajax (AE)272696%22582%Total69575316Can be done for each GK, Home/Away or different competitions
53 Performance Analysis Goals Analysis Simple way of recording where goals go inLooking for trendsNot just for the GKUsually done with older GKs but always good to monitorExamples…….
58 Performance Analysis Psychology Worked with various GKs at different levelsSpecific GK workHave used different questionnaire + interview based techniquesLooked at building confidence, dealing with anxiety, coping with mistakes and improving concentrationPerformance profiles, imagery, visualisation, positive mind set…Not the main emphasis of the presentation – speak to me at anytime for further details
59 Performance Analysis Psychology Performance Profiles – main area linked to video analysis – won’t give away all my secrets!Gets the GKs to review their own performances/attributes and combine with coach viewsLinked to identifying the crucial attributes of top GKsSelecting the best attributes from each top GK to create the ultimate GK!All linked to the video analysis work done
60 Summary Crucial in the coaching process Find a way to measure, test or monitor an area of performance – if nothing exists for what you want…create it!Can be tailored to the ability, age and experience of the GKs you’re working withCan be replicated at grassroots level quite easilyNew systems being created all the time
63 ResearchAm presenting 2 podium presentations at the ISPAS (International Society of Performance Analysis in Sport) World Congress in July1 – based around logging match actions over 2 whole seasons and comparing to the actual training sessions – do we train what occurs in matches?2 – an overview of my Performance Analysis support systems over 4 different clubs from a scientific approach
64 Research 11 – based around logging match actions over 2 whole seasons and comparing to the actual training sessions – do we train what occurs in matches?Findings this was not the caseAgreed with a 2012 FIFA studySuggestions on different ways to trainGK as a playmaker!Results – ISPAS 2012…….
65 Research2 – an overview of my Performance Analysis support systems over 4 different clubs from a scientific approachGoes into detail about my work and researchSimilar to what I’ve done today
67 Games Based TrainingDeveloped over 6 years to offer a different approach to technical training 80+ gamesDesigned for coaches with 4+ GKsFocuses on different topics (shot stopping, 1 v 1s etc) within small specially designed gamesWorks on all motor skills in a fun learning environmentUsed with grassroots and elite GKs with a great deal of success and positive feedback
68 Games Based TrainingCombine a variety of different sports, balls and environmentsWorks closely with the biomechanics chapter to develop core motor skills and general athleticismFocuses on the TGfU coaching theoryPlaces the learning emphasis on the goalkeeperAsk questions into their performanceLets them find appropriate techniques for different situations
72 The FutureStudying into how we make decisions and how our body reactions to different scenariosDetailed study into GK biomechanics and motor controlMain question…….Do our bodies respond differently to prescribed or varied practice?Looking into muscle activation and the importance of the ‘power step’ and not collapse dives (biomechanics part of presentation)
73 The FutureWhy do we tell the GK where the ball is going during technical training?From a novice (cognitive learning phase)Prescribed good for familiarity and building confidenceLater on in development need to work more varied – more decisions
74 The FutureBuilding upon 2 previous studies – although the findings/experiments can be improvedCoach friendly resultsHave an initial willing participant!Looking to build an intervention study
75 Conclusion Brief insight into some of the areas I’ve looked into Everything based on my experiencesTrial and error of numerous systemsAlways looking to improveMore systems, methods and experiments on-going‘Scientific Approaches to Goalkeeping in Football’ being developedImproving GK performance and sharing ideas!!!
76 Conclusion‘We cannot solve our problems with the same thinking we used when we created them’.Albert Einstein