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Mr. Geerlings – ENG2D. Literary Devices Elements Short Story.

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Presentation on theme: "Mr. Geerlings – ENG2D. Literary Devices Elements Short Story."— Presentation transcript:

1 Mr. Geerlings – ENG2D

2 Literary Devices Elements Short Story

3  By name alone, they are a ‘brief tale’  Although short, it does not mean that such stories do not hold impact  Video: Seconds

4  A short story is a closely-knit, concise narrative meant to be read in a single sitting  Much like a one-act play, these tales centre on a short snapshot of the character’s life  Every short story follows a similar narrative trajectory

5  Every short story is comprised of a similar structure that contains 6 essential elements  Often written in narrative prose, but can be communicated in other ways (poem, video)  Depicts few characters and concentrates on creating a single mood  One of the oldest forms of narrative


7 CharactersSettingConflict Point of View Plot (outline) Theme

8  Without characters there is no story!  Often the chief aim of an author is to reveal something about human nature, thus their characters are essential in this process  The process by which the writer reveals the personality of the character is called characterization

9  There are two essential characters: ◦ Protagonist – Main character ◦ Antagonist – The adversary of the main character

10 Direct Characterization Author tells the reader what the personality of the reader is Does not apply to adaptations like plays and film Example: “The patient boy and quiet girl were both well mannered and did not disobey their mother.” Indirect Characterization Author describes things that reveal the personality of the character This can be achieve through 5 different methods: 1) Summary of Features 2) Mannerisms 3) Dialogue 4) Actions 5) Setting

11  Setting is the backdrop of the story itself  It is comprised of three main features Mood/ Atmosphere Place Time

12  3 Features of Setting: ◦ Time:  Present day, ancient times, or the future ◦ Place:  Neighborhood, city, country, universe ◦ Mood:  The feelings and emotions that permeate the story – i.e., gloom, decay, hope, mystery

13  All about description…  "The walls were made of dark stone, dimly lit by torches. Empty benches rose on either side of him, but ahead, in the highest benches of all, were many shadowy figures. They had been talking in low voices, but as the heavy door swung closed behind Harry an ominous silence fell."

14  All about description…  The heavenly aroma of garlic, basil, and oregano mixed with the unmistakable yeasty scent of fresh bread and wafted on the cool air that blew in her face when she opened the door. Anne’s salivary glands kicked into overdrive and her stomach growled. She really needed to stop skipping lunch.”

15  No story can exist without conflict, otherwise it would be incredibly boring to read  Conflict can be classified as either internal or external

16 External Man vs Man Man vs Nature Internal Man vs Self




20  The perspective through which the story is being told  Always ask, whose feelings and thoughts are being conveyed?  For now, know that there are two main POVs: ◦ 1 st Person ◦ 3 rd Person

21  All elements of a short story are important, but plot is the most important if we are to have a story at all!  Plot is the foundation upon which all the other elements of the story rest  Plot framework for short stories follows a similar outline

22  This similar pattern can be represented by the plot outline: Exposition Inciting Incident Rising Action Climax Falling Action Denouement

23  Easily the hardest component to dissect in a short story, but by far the most important  Theme: Life lesson, meaning, moral, or message about life or human nature that is communicated by a literary work  In other words… ◦ Theme is what the story teaches readers ◦ What the writer wishes to convey about the subject

24  Little Red Riding Hood ◦ Don’t talk to strangers  Spiderman (The Movie) ◦ With great power comes great responsibility  Three Little Pigs ◦ Hard work will pay off in the end  Star Wars ◦ Nature is superior to technology

25  How to identify the theme: 1. Create a quick plot outline 2. Identify the subject of the story (i.e., gangs) 3. Identify the insight or truth that was learned about the subject  How did the protagonist change? What did they learn? 4. Generalize this into one sentence, describing the message the author has regarding the subject 5. THAT sentence is your theme

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