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By: Archelle Jane C. Callejo, PTRP, MSPH OBJECTIVES  To define a research problem  To present the different steps to problem identification & clarification.

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Presentation on theme: "By: Archelle Jane C. Callejo, PTRP, MSPH OBJECTIVES  To define a research problem  To present the different steps to problem identification & clarification."— Presentation transcript:

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2 By: Archelle Jane C. Callejo, PTRP, MSPH

3 OBJECTIVES  To define a research problem  To present the different steps to problem identification & clarification  To choose a research problem  To state the research problem properly

4  “The challenge in searching for a research question is not a shortage of uncertainties in the universe; it is the difficulty of finding an important one that can be transformed into a feasible and valid study plan”

5 RESEARCH PROBLEM  QUESTIONS TO BE ANSWERED OR SOLVED  ASK ABOUT AN UNKNOWN CHARACTERISTICS OF EVENTS, KNOWLEDGE OF WHICH MAY HAVE AN IMMEDIATE APPLICATION IN THE SOLUTION OF A PROBLEM OR USEFULNESS IN THE FUTURE

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8 RESEARCH PROBLEM  RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TWO VARIABLES OR EVENTS PRECURSOR & PRODUCT EXPOSURE & OUTCOME CAUSE & EFFECT FACTOR & PROGNOSIS INTERVENTION & RESULT PROCESS & REFLECTIONS

9 Select topic Possible Topics Select questions Possible Questions Select Problem Possible Problems Select framework Possible frameworks Select Methods Possible Methods

10  NATURE / CHARACTERISTICS OF AN EVENT / PHENOMEON: ANATOMIC STRUCTURE PHYSIOLOGIC PRINCIPLE BIOCHEMICAL PATHWAYS PATHOLOGIC PROCESS PHARMACOLOGIC ACTION CLINICAL COURSE OF ILLNESS DISEASE PATTERN IN POPULATION

11 Research Problem  BEST STATED IN THE QUESTION FORM  What is the effectiveness of therapeutic exercises in improving standing balance in patients with stroke?  What is the magnitude & pattern of occurrence of coronary heart disease in Manila?

12 Sources of Research Problem  1. Intellectual curiosity  2. Serendipity  3.Analysis of needs & practice  4. Organized & systematic determination of research needs

13 GOOD RESEARCH PROBLEM A problem requiring value judgment can’t be tested

14 GOOD RESEARCH PROBLEM The problem: Affects a large population Has serious morbidity consequences Is related to on-going projects The answer: Fills a gap in knowledge / technology Has practical application Will improve the practice of the profession

15 GOOD RESEARCH PROBLEM Adequate subjects? Procedures technically possible? Information ? Data gathering? Resources ? Study implementation time?

16 GOOD RESEARCH PROBLEM An adequate mass of information to work on

17 GOOD RESEARCH PROBLEM Current interest National / global sense

18 GOOD RESEARCH PROBLEM

19 RESEARCH PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION - PROCESS  Topic Identification and Selection  Problem Identification and Selection GIVEN…HOWEVER…THEREFORE  Theoretical Framework Identification and Selection  Question Identification and Selection  Research Methods Identification and Selection

20  1. DETERMINE A TOPIC OF INTEREST GENERAL : STROKE REHABILITATION SPECIFIC : COMMUNITY AMBULATION RESEARCH PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION - PROCESS

21  2. DETERMINE IF THE PROBLEM DEALS WITH: A. CHARACTERISTICS OF EVENTS ○ WHAT IS THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THERAPEUTIC EXERCISES IN IMPROVING LOCOMOTOR SKILLS OF PATIENTS WITH STROKE? B. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FACTOR & EVENT ANTECENDENT FACTORS NEEDS TO BE IDENTIFIED: ○ WHAT ARE CONTRIBUTING FACTORS THAT LIMIT COMMUNITY AMBULATION FOR PATIENTS WITH STROKE? RELATIONSHIP OF IDENTIFIED FACTOR WITH EVENT TO BE VERIFIED: ○ DOES A TASK- SPECIFIC STRENGTHENING IMPROVE COMMUNITY AMBULATION FOR PATIENTS WITH STROKE? RESEARCH PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION - PROCESS

22  3. REFINE THE PROBLEM STATEMENT A. WRITE IT DOWN QUESTION FORM B. CLARIFY WHAT YOU REALLY WANT TO FIND OUT ○ USE CLEAR TERMS ○ BE SPECIFIC RESEARCH PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION - PROCESS

23  DISSECT & CLARIFY THE PROBLEM SMALLER COMPONENTS / SUBPROBLEMS AIDED BY LITERATURE REVIEW RESEARCH PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION - PROCESS

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