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The Rise of Modern Industrialism in America and the “Gilded Age” For better or for worse, for richer and poorer, till death do us part. 1.

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Presentation on theme: "The Rise of Modern Industrialism in America and the “Gilded Age” For better or for worse, for richer and poorer, till death do us part. 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Rise of Modern Industrialism in America and the “Gilded Age” For better or for worse, for richer and poorer, till death do us part. 1

2 Sign out a laptop and log on. Wilbur and Bob were speeding down the highway at well over 90 mph. "Hey," asked Bob, who was at the wheel, "any cops following us?" Wilbur turned around and had a long look at the road behind them. "Yeah, looks like it," he responded. "Are his flashers on?" asked Bob. Wilbur turned around again... "Yup...nope...yup...nope...yup...nope...yup..." 2

3 Technology drives American Industrialization

4 Technology Search for Inventions of the 1800s. A list or timeline would be a good place to start. Research your chosen invention and write down to turn in: 1.Date 2.Inventor and nationality. 3.Brief description of invention. 4.How this invention changed society. (INSPECT) Bonus points for: Most unusual, Biggest impact, Most taken for granted.

5 Arbor Day  When: Saturday, October 18, 2014, from 10 a.m. to 12 p.m.  Where: Donegal Park in Newcastle, WA at the corner of 123RD Ave SE and SE 74th St.  What: Digging holes and planting trees  Why: Help enhance our park  Volunteers Earn Community Service Hours  Tools and Gloves will be provided but please feel free to bring your own  Dress for inclement weather  Refreshments will be provided!

6 Hazelwood Harvest Carnival  When: Friday October 24, 3:30p.m.-9:30p.m  Where: Hazelwood Elementary School  What: Varying tasks from Organizing Set-up, Supervising pumpkin carving, Game Booths, Cupcake Walk, Event Clean-up, Etc…  Who do I talk to:  See Mr. Crueger in Room 214 to sign up!  Volunteer Check in Table on day of event

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8 How and why did the US emerge as an economic world power? Today in History : Congress creates the Continental Association, 1774 U.S. Senate ratifies the Louisiana Purchase, 1803 Interesting Fact?: Each year, there are more than 40,000 toilet related injuries in the United States. The Word: Courage - is the ability to confront fear, pain, danger, uncertainty, or intimidation. "moral courage" is the ability to act rightly in the face of popular opposition, shame, scandal, or discouragement. October 20

9 College Fair and Money Maze Hazen HS Thursday, October 23 rd. The College Fair will begin at 5PM in the Commons, where students and parents will have the opportunity to talk with counselors and admission representatives from over 60 postsecondary options such as colleges, universities, military, and more. The Money Maze event, which starts at 7PM in the Hazen auditorium, will walk students and parents through the steps of the financial aid process. 9

10 Technology drives American Industrialization

11 Technology Bonus points for: Most unusual, Biggest impact, Most taken for granted. Technology played an important role in the development of US industry and economy.

12 How and why did the US emerge as an economic world power? Economy: How a society produces and distributes goods and services. (jobs, money, businesses, farms, factories, banks, etc.) Ideas Nature/Geography Social Political ECONOMIC Cultural/Religion Technology 12

13 How and why did the US emerge as an economic world power? Where does the US rank in economic power now? GDP = the value of all goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. GDP in millions of dollars 1.United States 15,094,000 2.China 7,318,499 3.Japan 5,867,154 4.Germany 3,570,556 5.France 2,773,032 13

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15 How and why did the US emerge as an economic world power? Today in History : Thousands protest the war in Vietnam, 1967 Interesting Fact?: It has been said that over 350 million people suffer from Facebook Addiction Disorder. The Word: Courage - is the ability to confront fear, pain, danger, uncertainty, or intimidation. "moral courage" is the ability to act rightly in the face of popular opposition, shame, scandal, or discouragement. October 21

16 College Fair and Money Maze Hazen HS Thursday, October 23 rd. The College Fair will begin at 5PM in the Commons, where students and parents will have the opportunity to talk with counselors and admission representatives from over 60 postsecondary options such as colleges, universities, military, and more. The Money Maze event, which starts at 7PM in the Hazen auditorium, will walk students and parents through the steps of the financial aid process. 16

17 Hazelwood Harvest Carnival  When: Friday October 24, 3:30p.m.-9:30p.m  Where: Hazelwood Elementary School  What: Varying tasks from Organizing Set-up, Supervising pumpkin carving, Game Booths, Cupcake Walk, Event Clean-up, Etc…  Who do I talk to:  See Mr. Crueger in Room 214 to sign up!  Volunteer Check in Table on day of event

18 Blood Drive  When: Friday October 24, 8:30 – 2:30  Where: Hazen  Who do I talk to:  See Mr. Walker in Room 701 to sign up!

19 Weed Warriors This Saturday, meet at Lake Boren Park in Newcastle and help remove blackberries and restore the native habitat!! Starting time is 10:00am. Wear sturdy shoes and dress for the weather. 19

20 How and why did the US emerge as an economic world power? Capitalism is an economic system where the means of production (businesses and property) are privately (not the government) owned and people can buy and sell in a market free of regulations. Profit Supply Competition Demand How does our economic system of capitalism work. 20

21 How and why did the US emerge as an economic world power? Economic Freedom Laissez-Faire Philosophy 1.How does competition affect the producer and consumer? 2.What should governments role be in the economy? “ Adam Smith ( ) As individual competitors pursue their own maximum profit, they are all thus forced to be more efficient. This results in cheaper goods and services is thus to be encouraged; government intervention (taxes, regulations, tariffs) serves only to make operations less efficient and is thus to be avoided. The same principles apply to international trade...” 21

22 How and why did the US emerge as an economic world power? Economic Darwinism ‘survival of the fittest’ “Herbert Spencer ( ) “The bright and able contribute most to society, and so are to be encouraged and rewarded. The poor, the weak, and the handicapped demand more than they contribute, and so should not be supported but rather allowed to die a natural death. If ‘natural’ principles were followed, evolution and the survival of the fittest in the competition of human life would be the result.” 1.What are the “natural” consequences of competition for the “poor, weak, or handicapped? 2.What is the benefit for everyone else? 22

23 How did the US become the most powerful economic power in the world? How do Corporations work? Freddy Fudso Soap om/watch?feature=pla yer_detailpage&v=mo MdcdKFBw0#t=183s om/watch?feature=pla yer_detailpage&v=mo MdcdKFBw0#t=183s Write down and answer, on a paper you are going to turn in, the following questions. Leave 2-3 lines between questions. 1.Why does Freddy expand his business? 2.Why does Freddy sell stock in his corporation? 3.Why do people buy stock in his corporation? 4.What is the impact of Freddy expanding? 5.What evil can come from the profit motive? 23

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25 How did business leaders of the late 1800s affect our economic system? Today in History : American forces suffer first casualties in Vietnam, 1957 Kennedy announces blockade of Cuba during the Missile Crisis, 1962 Interesting Fact?: If Wal-Mart was classified as a country, it would be the 24th most productive country in the world. The WORD Courage - is the ability to confront fear, pain, danger, uncertainty, or intimidation. "moral courage" is the ability to act rightly in the face of popular opposition, shame, scandal, or discouragement. October 22

26 Hazelwood Harvest Carnival  When: Friday October 24, 3:30p.m.-9:30p.m  Where: Hazelwood Elementary School  What: Varying tasks from Organizing Set-up, Supervising pumpkin carving, Game Booths, Cupcake Walk, Event Clean-up, Etc…  Who do I talk to:  See Mr. Crueger in Room 214 to sign up!  Volunteer Check in Table on day of event

27 Blood Drive  When: Friday October 24, 8:30 – 2:30  Where: Hazen  Who do I talk to:  See Mr. Walker in Room 701 to sign up!

28 Weed Warriors This Saturday, meet at Lake Boren Park in Newcastle and help remove blackberries and restore the native habitat!! Starting time is 10:00am. Wear sturdy shoes and dress for the weather. 28

29 How did the US become the most powerful economic power in the world? Big Business organizations in America Corporations Businesses that have organized to have rights of an individual but are usually owned by many investors through stocks, sharing the profits and risks Mergers Combining two or more businesses into one Trusts A group of businesses under the control of 1 board of directors to eliminate competition, fix prices, etc = Monopolies (More than a game by Parker Bros.) Complete control of a product or service 29

30 How did the US become the most powerful economic power in the world? Corporations (pages ) 1.What is “stock”? 2.Why do corporations sell stock? 3.Describe “economies of scale”. 4.How do people make money from owning stock? 5.Why would a company want to move from sole proprietorship to become a corporation? 1.? 2.? 3.? 4.? 5.? 30

31 How did business leaders of the late 1800s affect our economic system? The Men Who Built America. Traits of the Titans What made these men different? Titan : Originally one of a family of giants in Greek mythology : an extremely large and powerful person, company, etc. Hh- fXUw&list=PLo9XqSyMxkEorCE5IaInFKy5ji U76eaFu&index=3 (4 min.) Hh- fXUw&list=PLo9XqSyMxkEorCE5IaInFKy5ji U76eaFu&index=3 31

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33 How did the US become the most powerful economic power in the world? Today in History : Rival governments are established in bleeding Kansas, 1855 Interesting Fact?: If a car is travelling at 55 miles per hour it will travel 56 feet before the driver can shift his foot from the accelerator to the brake. The WORD Courage - is the ability to confront fear, pain, danger, uncertainty, or intimidation. "moral courage" is the ability to act rightly in the face of popular opposition, shame, scandal, or discouragement. October 23

34 Hazelwood Harvest Carnival  When: Friday October 24, 3:30p.m.-9:30p.m  Where: Hazelwood Elementary School  What: Varying tasks from Organizing Set-up, Supervising pumpkin carving, Game Booths, Cupcake Walk, Event Clean-up, Etc…  Who do I talk to:  See Mr. Crueger in Room 214 to sign up!  Volunteer Check in Table on day of event

35 Blood Drive  When: Friday October 24, 8:30 – 2:30  Where: Hazen  Who do I talk to:  See Mr. Walker in Room 701 to sign up!

36 Weed Warriors This Saturday, meet at Lake Boren Park in Newcastle and help remove blackberries and restore the native habitat!! Starting time is 10:00am. Wear sturdy shoes and dress for the weather. 36

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38 How did business leaders of the late 1800s affect our economic system? Titans of Industry were they Captains of Industry or Robber Barons 1)A Captain of Industry was a business leader who gained a personal fortune in a positive way for the country. 2)A Robber Baron was a business leader who ruthlessly gained a personal fortune at the expense of other businesses, the government, workers, and consumers. 38

39 CAPTAIN OF INDUSTRY or ROBBER BARON 1.Drains the country of its natural resources 2. Corrupts public officials to interpret laws in their favor 3. Drives competitors to ruin 4. Pays poor wages 5. Forces workers to work under dangerous and unhealthy conditions 6. Exploits the factors of production for quick profits 1. Increases availability of goods by building factories 2. Raises productivity 3. Expands markets 4. Creates more jobs 5. Funds many of the nation’s public institutions: practices philanthropy- (giving generously to charitable causes) 6. Organizes production efficiently to build stable businesses 39

40 How did business leaders of the late 1800s affect our economic system? John D. Rockefeller “Competition is a sin.” From the video, describe: 1.How did John D. Rockefeller become one of the richest men in America”? 2.Why was John D. Rockefeller one of the most hated men in America? W4XBxU&feature=related 40

41 How did business leaders of the late 1800s affect our economic system? Andrew Carnegie Captain of Industry “The American Dream” Rags to Riches Suffered through poverty as a child in Scotland and an immigrant in America. Through hard work, intelligence, initiative, luck, and ruthless business practices became one of the wealthiest men in the world. 41

42 How did business leaders of the late 1800s affect our economic system? Andrew Carnegie “Robber Baron” “ruthless business practices”? Betrays his former mentor in a business take over by secretly selling his stock for a profit to a competitor. What does the video on the Homestead Strike show about how Carnegie’s companies treated workers? os/andrew-carnegie-and-the- homestead-strike#andrew- carnegie-and-the- homestead-strikehttp://www.history.com/vide os/andrew-carnegie-and-the- homestead-strike#andrew- carnegie-and-the- homestead-strike “The man who dies rich dies disgraced 42

43 What was the affect industrialization on labor? Big business monopolies controlled products and jobs?. m/topics/labor/vide os/the-fight-to-end- child-labor Big business provided many jobs BUT: Low pay. Long hours. Poor and dangerous working conditions. Company towns. Loss of identity. Children and women received the worst treatment in many ways. 43

44 What was the affect industrialization on labor? Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire (1911) _Factory_Fire#/videos Results: Union Revival And Martyrs 44

45 What was the affect industrialization on labor? Unions Pages DO NOT WRITE ON THE ASSIGNMENT SHEET With your shoulder partner answer the questions for your group. 45

46 What was the affect industrialization on labor? Company Towns Slavery by another name? Usually in remote locations creating jobs far from established towns. In some cases, companies paid employees with a scrip that was only good at company stores. Without external competition, housing costs and groceries in company towns could rise and the workers often built up large debts that they were required to pay off before leaving. themes/company-towns/ 46

47 What was the affect industrialization on labor? Labor leaders focused on the needs and desires of the industrial worker. “Our movement is of the working people, for the working people, by the working people.” Samuel Gompers Union Organizer 47

48 What was the affect industrialization on labor? Labor forms Unions to fight the power of big business Knights of Labor Eight hour work day. Equal pay for women. Eliminate child labor. Focus shifts to strikes, work slow down, and violence. 48

49 What was the affect industrialization on labor? Labor forms Unions to fight the power of big business American Federation of Labor Shorter hours. More pay. Better Working Conditions. Collective bargaining. 49

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51 What were the effects of industrialization on the workers? Today in History : First barrel ride down Niagara Falls, 1901 The United Nations (U.N.) is formally established, 1945 Interesting Fact?: The creator of the NIKE Swoosh symbol was paid only $35 for the design. The Word: Courage - is the ability to confront fear, pain, danger, uncertainty, or intimidation. "moral courage" is the ability to act rightly in the face of popular opposition, shame, scandal, or discouragement. October 24

52 One Page ½ page= Photo and Quote or headline from a news paper. ½ page = Information about: key information describing your event including cause and effects. key information about your union leader’s political views and accomplishments both positive and negative. By the end of the period print (add printer HHS-125) what you have. Be sure to save to your student drive. Include where you got your information. 52

53 Labor Unions grew in America in the late 1800s in response to the overwhelming power of big corporations and trusts. Question: What caused the rise of Unions in the late 1800s and what were the effects? 1.Sign out a laptop and return to your assigned seat. 2.Log on 3.Wait for instructions 53

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55 What were the effects of industrialization on the workers? Today in History : New York City subway opens, 1904 Interesting Fact?: It is physically impossible for pigs to look up into the sky. The Word: Courage - is the ability to confront fear, pain, danger, uncertainty, or intimidation. "moral courage" is the ability to act rightly in the face of popular opposition, shame, scandal, or discouragement. October 27

56 This Week Monday – Union Projects. Tuesday - Review and Improve our first writing assessment from earlier this year. Wednesday – Second Writing Assessment (Industrialization) Thursday – Review Friday – Open Note Multiple choice test (Dec. of Ind. – Industrialization)

57 Labor Unions grew in America in the late 1800s in response to the overwhelming power of big corporations and trusts. Question: What caused the rise of Unions in the late 1800s and what were the effects? 1.Sign out a laptop and return to your assigned seat. 2.Finish your One Page research adding any information you can. 57

58 Labor Unions grew in America in the late 1800s in response to the overwhelming power of big business. Write down the name of your assigned union leader or event. 1.Samuel Gompers 2.Eugene V. Debs 3.Lucy Parsons 4.The Great Railroad Strike if The Haymarket Riot 6.The Triangle Shirt Waist Factory Fire 58

59 One Page ½ page= Photo and Quote or headline from a news paper. ½ page = Information about: key information describing your event including cause and effects. key information about your union leader’s political views and accomplishments both positive and negative. By the end of the period print (add printer HHS-125) what you have. Be sure to save to your student drive. Include where you got your information. 59

60 One Page Project 1.Clear your desk except for your one page research project. Leave your project on your desk. 2.Next you will take your notebook and something to writ with and find other projects with the same person or event you researched. 3.Write at least two things you do not already have on the back of your research. 4.Now find three projects with different topics than yours. 5.Write down two things you think are most important about each person or event on you find. 6.Staple the information you got today to the back of your project and return to your seat. 60

61 What was the affect industrialization on labor? Many Americans feared and distrusted the Unions. 1.Strikes sometimes were violent. 2.Strikes sometimes disrupted other businesses. 3.Most of America still worked on or around farms and did not share the perspective of industrial workers. 4.Many of the union leaders and members were immigrants sometimes with extreme ideas (socialism and anarchism) 61

62 What was the affect industrialization on labor? The Alternative: Karl Marx SOCIALISM/COMMUNISM The means of production (factories, mines, businesses, etc.) are owned and run by the people through the government. Economic decisions are made by the government with, theoretically, everyone sharing equally in the benefits. 62

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64 In what ways did the Civil War impact the lives of soldiers, civilians, and history. (Do not start a new page) Today in History : Statue of Liberty dedicated, 1886 Khrushchev orders withdrawal of missiles from Cuba, 1962 Interesting Fact?: Each year, there are more than 40,000 toilet related injuries in the United States. The Word: Courage - is the ability to confront fear, pain, danger, uncertainty, or intimidation. "moral courage" is the ability to act rightly in the face of popular opposition, shame, scandal, or discouragement. October 28

65 Earlier this year we did a written Assessment. Everyone’s grades could be improved. Today we will look at the first writing assessment and: Dissect the prompt. Highlight key written information. Discuss what type of information could have been included. Write additional information that should have been added Points will be added to your grade based on your improvements.

66 How did fundamental documents promote US ideals and principles? Directions: 1.After dissecting the prompt write a thesis sentence that responds to the prompt. 2.Write two succinct paragraphs using as many pieces of evidence and as much detailed analysis as you can. PROMPT: To what extent did the American Revolution and the Constitution fundamentally change American society? Written Assessment (open note)

67 On this written assessment you were allowed to use notes. (turn back to the first several weeks of notes) You should have notes on: Common Sense The Declaration of Independence The Articles of Confederation The Constitution including the Bill of Rights

68 Key ideals and principles of the Declaration of Independence? PEOPLE have a right to: 1.Government that protects their rights. 2.Equality. 3.Life. 4.Liberty. 5.pursue Happiness. 6.Create government and change or replace a government that does not protect the rights of it’s people. DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE Ideals - a standard of perfection; a principle or goal to be aimed at.

69 How does the Constitution promote US ideals and principles? The Preamble Federalism Separation of Powers Checks and Balances Listed and implied powers of each branch. The Constitution

70 PROMPT: To what extent did the American Revolution and the Constitution fundamentally change American society? Circle action words that tell you what to do. Underline important words or phrases (usually only 2-4 words)

71 PROMPT: To what extent did the American Revolution and the Constitution fundamentally change American society? Thesis – According to the rubric, what should be included in the thesis. Write your improved thesis on a separate sheet of paper you will turn in with the original assessment.

72 PROMPT: To what extent did the American Revolution and the Constitution fundamentally change American society? Body Paragraphs: Graphic Organizer reflecting key words and action required. (On the back of your separate sheet of paper.) According to the rubric, what is needed in your body paragraphs? (HINT – Think Five Habits of the Mind on the back of the rubric.) Under your improved thesis, using your notes, graphic organizer, and rubric write down information you could have included in each body paragraph.

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