2 T.A.P.E. ItUse the T.A.P.E. method to dissect the prompt so that you are clear as to the topic, audience, purpose, and essay format.
3 Writing SituationThe arts curriculum in high school often includes visual art, music, dance, and theater. Some educators, concerned about the academic progress of students, have suggested eliminating arts education in high school. They argue that not having these classes would allow more time for students to study the basics: English, Math, Science, and History.Directions for WritingReflect on what should be taught in high school. Think about how it affects students now and later in life. Write an essay to the school board and argue whether the arts should be included or eliminated from the high school curriculum. Discuss the advantages/disadvantages of having an arts program from a student’s point of view.
5 Pros/ConsAll issues have two (or more) sides. Even ones that seem clear. A pros/cons list is an easy way to get ideas together.The best way to accomplish this is to divide a section of your prewriting page into two sides.Pros are the arguments for the ideaCons are the arguments against the ideaYou do not have to agree with anything you writeThis should only take you five to seven minutes
6 ProsStudents need a hook to learn. The arts helps them see the relevance of what they learn (direction)Students learn how to think through arts instruction, which can only help in other subjectsMore students would drop out without the arts in schoolsStudents in the Arts usually score higher on testsConsTest scores need to increase and focusing on the core will help this happenMoney used in the arts can help with programs for the SAT or other testsStudents can always stay after school if they want artsThe Arts won’t help you get a jobStudents need to know the basics more because test scores keep dropping.
7 Now Choose the Side You Can Convincingly Argue Choose the side that has the most evidence, even if you do not personally agree with the opinion.No one is going to hunt you down and ridicule you for arguing a controversial opinion.And no one outside of the test graders is going to know what you argued.Based on the previous list, I would argue based on my con list, with which I do not personally agree.
8 Create a Pro/Con List Writing Situation The mayor of your city is considering a 7:00PM curfew for children under the age of 18. Some people think that this curfew is too strict. Other people think that the curfew should apply to everyone under the age of 14. Many young people think the curfew is not necessary at all.Directions for WritingWrite a letter to mayor in which you either defend the teen curfew or oppose the teen curfew. Clearly state your position and support it with reasons and examples. Try to convince the mayor to agree with your position.
9 Practice Pro/ConUsing the homework prompt from the homework, write a pro/con list.
10 Quick ListSome prompts do not ask you to choose a side, but instead ask you to create a solution to a problem or support an opinion-based open ended prompt.In 2010, the topic asked something along the lines of “If you could go back in history, when and where would you go and why would you go there?”Look at the prompt that asks you to determine a solution to the graffiti problem at school.
11 Quick List In these cases, quick list your reasons. Ex: Time Period: mid-1920s AmericaExperience the rise of the Female FlapperExperience the decadence of the decade of Jazz Music, Art, and DanceExperience America when it seemed to have promiseMeet Fitzgerald, Hemingway, Parker, and other authorsSee America before it was polluted horribly.
12 Create a Thesis Statement Now that you have your pro/con list and have decided on the side you want to argue or have listed your argument, write one sentence stating your opinion.Ex: The Arts should be eliminated in high schools so that student test scores will increase.Ex: The best solution for decreasing paper waste and pollution in schools is to require that lesson plans and homework be sent digitally.Using your homework prompts, write a thesis statement for the first two ant the one for graffiti.
13 Support Your SupportEach piece of support (item on your pro/con list or list list) must be developed.Because of the length of the test, you cannot fully develop every thought, but you should at least give the grader two solid developed ideas in support of your thesis.
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