Presentation on theme: "Renaissance re·nais·sance \ ren- ə -’sän(t)s According to Webster’s New Collegiate Dictionary: 1.The transitional movement in Europe between medieval."— Presentation transcript:
Renaissance re·nais·sance \ ren- ə -’sän(t)s According to Webster’s New Collegiate Dictionary: 1.The transitional movement in Europe between medieval and modern times beginning in the 14 th century in Italy, lasting into the 17 th century, and marked by a humanistic revival of classical influence expressed in a flowering of the arts and literature and by the beginnings of modern science. 2.A movement or period of vigorous artistic and intellectual activity. 3.Rebirth, Revival WHAT?!
Renaissance People became curious about the world around them and began to ask “Why?” and “How?” This “Rebirth” brought about advances in science, art, philosophy, exploration and discovery.
Renaissance “Renaissance curiosity led artists to dissect cadavers, explorers to travel the world, clerics and lay people to question the authority of the church and Leonardo da Vinci to question everything,” (Ferris, 99).
Renaissance INDIVIDUALISM: new self- awareness and self-assurance HUMANISM: importance of having knowledge and skills in many different areas (languages, literature, philosophy)
Renaissance History 1440Gutenberg invents printing with movable type 1452Leonardo da Vinci is born 1465First printed music 1469Machiavelli is born 1478 Spanish Inquisition 1583 – 1486 Da Vinci sketches early helicopter 1485Boticelli paints The Birth of Venus 1492Columbus arrives in America 1503 Nostradamus is born 1508Michelangelo Buonarroti paints the Sistine Chapel 1517Martin Luther posts his 95 Theses 1519Cortez conquers Mexico 1522Magellan circumnavigates the globe 1525Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina is born 1547Miguel de Cervantes is born 1564Shakespeare is born 1567Claudio Monteverdi is born 1584 Sir Walter Raleigh discovers Virginia 1590Zacharias and Hans Janssen invent the microscope
Renaissance Art Mona Lisa, Leonardo da Vinci Renaissance artistic characteristics Light and Dimension Intrigued by the lines and structure of the human body
Renaissance Art The Ambassadors, Hans Holbein the Younger Renaissance artistic characteristics Light and Dimension Intrigued by the lines and structure of the human body
Renaissance Art The Adoration of the Magi, Sandro Boticelli Renaissance artistic characteristics Light and Dimension Intrigued by the lines and structure of the human body
Renaissance Architecture Ca’ d’Oro Italian Gothic, Venice,
Renaissance Architecture Palace of Charles V Pedro Machuca
Renaissance Architecture Piazza del Campidoglio Michelangelo Buonarotti 1538
Renaissance Sculpture Stucco Relief Old Sacristy, San Lorenzo, Florence, Donatello
Renaissance Sculpture Stemma of San Michele Luca Della Robbia
Renaissance Sacred Music Sacred Music Josquin des Prez 1445? – 1521 Considered by his contemporaries to be the greatest composer who had ever lived Perfected the technique of imitative polyphony Wrote mostly systematic, controlled religious music
Renaissance Sacred Music Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina 1524? – 1594 Assimilated Josquin’s techniques and adapted them to his own style Wrote mostly systematic, controlled religious music Implied homophonic textures
Renaissance Sacred Music Sacred Music Martin Luther 1483 – 1546 Brought about the protestant reformation Believed that church congregations should be able to participate in the service through singing and that some of the singing should be in the language of the congregation Introduced the Chorale
Renaissance Secular Music Secular (Non-religious) music was also composed during the renaissance. Madrigals were the Popular music of the day. Madrigals Madrigals were sung in the language of the singers. Madrigal texts described pastoral scenes and affairs of the heart Word painting and extreme emotional states were dramatically portrayed Madrigals were sung at social gatherings by small groups
Renaissance Authors Miguel de CERVANTES ( ) Don Quixote de la Mancha has been the subject of several musicalizations including an opera by Manuel de Falla, a ballet by Ludwig Minkus and a Broadway musical by Mitch Leigh.
Renaissance Authors William Shakespeare 1564 – 1616 Wrote 37 plays, 154 sonnets, and numerous other poems Coined the following words and phrases: accessible, amazement, assassination, barefaced, bedazzle, belongings, circumstantial, courtship, critical, dewdrop, downstairs, employer, epileptic, exposure, fairyland, fanged, fashionable, frugal, homely, impartial, ladybird, lament, leapfrog, majestic, moonbeam, paternal, puke, rant, reclusive, roadway, sacrificial, schoolboy, silliness, useful, vulnerable, watchdog, zany His plays have been the basis for numerous operas, musicals, and ballets.