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Intro To Vet Studies Chapter 1 and 2 Intro to Terminology.

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Presentation on theme: "Intro To Vet Studies Chapter 1 and 2 Intro to Terminology."— Presentation transcript:

1 Intro To Vet Studies Chapter 1 and 2 Intro to Terminology

2 Objectives Identify and recognize the parts of a medical term Identify and recognize the parts of a medical term Define commonly used prefixes/suffixes, combining forms, and suffixes presented in this chapter Define commonly used prefixes/suffixes, combining forms, and suffixes presented in this chapter Analyze and understand basic medical terms Analyze and understand basic medical terms Practice pronunciation of medical terms Practice pronunciation of medical terms

3 Unit Concept Map Unit Name: Intro to Vet Terms (Cptr 1 and 2) Unit Name: Intro to Vet Terms (Cptr 1 and 2) Unit EQ: Why is medical terminology important to understand? Unit EQ: Why is medical terminology important to understand? Daily EQs: Daily EQs: What are the major parts of a term? What are the major parts of a term? Vocabulary: Vocabulary:

4 Warm Up Any guess’? Any guess’? Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoc oniosis Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoc oniosis (Yeah that’s one word and its real) (Yeah that’s one word and its real)

5 Essential Question What are the major parts of a term? What are the major parts of a term?

6 Vet Terminology Every word has main parts Every word has main parts Like a sandwich Like a sandwich Parts of the sandwich Parts of the sandwich Prefix (bread) Prefix (bread) Root (meat) Root (meat) Combining vowel (lettuce) Combining vowel (lettuce) Combining form (tomatoes) Combining form (tomatoes) Suffix (bread) Suffix (bread)

7 Vet Terms Used every day Used every day Current vocab Current vocab Based on terms of Greek and Latin Origin Based on terms of Greek and Latin Origin Eponyms: words formed from a person’s name Eponyms: words formed from a person’s name Better understanding of Latin and Greek = better understanding Better understanding of Latin and Greek = better understanding

8 Prefixes Found at the beginning Found at the beginning Indicates #, location, time or status Indicates #, location, time or status Two types Two types Contrasting Contrasting Directional Directional Example: Example: Ab- means away from Ab- means away from

9 Activity :Prefix De-coder 1 sheet of lined paper 1 sheet of lined paper Fold it in half (long ways like a hot dog) Fold it in half (long ways like a hot dog) Put the Prefixes on one half, definition on the other Put the Prefixes on one half, definition on the other Perform this for both contrasting and Directional prefixes Perform this for both contrasting and Directional prefixes

10 Is there a Prefix in this word? Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoc oniosis Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoc oniosis

11 Root Words Give essential meaning to the word Give essential meaning to the word Is there a root word ? Is there a root word ? Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconio sis Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconio sis

12 Combining Vowel Normally single Normally single Usually an o Usually an o I and E also used I and E also used Added to the of a root word to make it easier to pronounce Added to the of a root word to make it easier to pronounce When 2 or more root words are joined When 2 or more root words are joined Not used when the suffix begins with a vowel Not used when the suffix begins with a vowel Example: Example: Gastro/o + enter/o = gastroenteritis Gastro/o + enter/o = gastroenteritis How many? How many? Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis

13 Combining Forms Root word + a combining vowel Root word + a combining vowel Usually describe part of the body Usually describe part of the body New words are created when prefixes + combining forms and suffixes New words are created when prefixes + combining forms and suffixes Example Example Panleukopenia Panleukopenia Pan: prefix meaning all Pan: prefix meaning all Leuk/o : combining forms meaning white Leuk/o : combining forms meaning white -penia : suffix meaning decifiency -penia : suffix meaning decifiency All together word means: All together word means: Deficiency of all types of white blood cells Deficiency of all types of white blood cells

14 Combining forms? Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoc oniosis Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoc oniosis

15 Suffixes Attached to end of words Attached to end of words Modify meaning Modify meaning Types: Types: “Pertaining to” “Pertaining to” Surgical Surgical Procedural Procedural Double R Double R Conditional and Structural Conditional and Structural

16 Analyzing Medical Terms 1. Dissect 1. Dissect Divide word into basic components Divide word into basic components 2.Begin at the end 2.Begin at the end Suffix first, then prefix, then root Suffix first, then prefix, then root 2 root words? Divide and read left -> right 2 root words? Divide and read left -> right 3. Anatomical Order 3. Anatomical Order How does it occur in the body? How does it occur in the body?

17 Practice Together Ovariohysterectomy Ovariohysterectomy Ovari/o/hyster/ectomy Ovari/o/hyster/ectomy SUFFIX -ectomy- removal SUFFIX -ectomy- removal PREFIX Ovari/o – ovary PREFIX Ovari/o – ovary ROOT Hysteri/o- uterus ROOT Hysteri/o- uterus

18 Dissect the Vocab! Complete your worksheet Complete your worksheet

19 Review Vocab you learned: Vocab you learned: Prefix, Suffix, Combining vowel, Combining form, root word Prefix, Suffix, Combining vowel, Combining form, root word Answer your Daily EQ Answer your Daily EQ What are the main parts of a term? What are the main parts of a term? Exit Question Think about it Exit Question Think about it Why is pronunciation important ? Why is pronunciation important ? Next Class Next Class Positional Terminology Positional Terminology

20 Intro To Vet Studies Chapter 2 Positional Terminology

21 Objectives ID body planes, positional terms, directional terms, and body cavities ID body planes, positional terms, directional terms, and body cavities Define terms related to body cavities Define terms related to body cavities ID body systems by their components ID body systems by their components

22 Warm Up What does this show? What does this show?

23 Essential Question Why is positional terminology critical? Why is positional terminology critical?

24 Learn–ology -ology -ology “the study of” “the study of” Anatomy: study of body structure Anatomy: study of body structure Physiology: study of body functions Physiology: study of body functions Pathology: study of the cause, nature & development of abnormal conditions Pathology: study of the cause, nature & development of abnormal conditions Pathophysiology: study of changes in function caused by disease Pathophysiology: study of changes in function caused by disease Etiology: study of disease Etiology: study of disease

25 Positional terms Important for accurately and concisely describing body locations and relationships of structures Important for accurately and concisely describing body locations and relationships of structures In/Out, Up/Down etc In/Out, Up/Down etc Not specific enough ! Not specific enough !

26 Activity: Directional De-Coder 1 sheet of lined paper 1 sheet of lined paper Fold it in half (long ways like a hot dog) Fold it in half (long ways like a hot dog) Put the directional words on one half, definition on the other Put the directional words on one half, definition on the other Table 2-1 in your book Table 2-1 in your book

27 Show what you know Grab a stuffed animal Grab a stuffed animal Represent the planes you’ve learned with your stuffed animal! Represent the planes you’ve learned with your stuffed animal! “Simon says” “Simon says”

28 Activity Body Planes Worksheet Body Planes Worksheet

29 Vet Dentistry Rising trend in vet care Rising trend in vet care Teeth surfaces are identified by the area they are near Teeth surfaces are identified by the area they are near Lingual Lingual Palatal Palatal Buccal Buccal Vestibular Vestibular Occlusal Occlusal Labial Labial Contact Contact Mesial Mesial Distal Distal

30 Body cavities Hole/hollow space that contains organs Hole/hollow space that contains organs Cranial Cranial Spinal Spinal Thoracic/chest Thoracic/chest Abdominial/ peritoneal Abdominial/ peritoneal Pelvic Pelvic Regional Terms (also used) Regional Terms (also used) Abdomen Abdomen Thorax Thorax Groin/ inguinal Groin/ inguinal

31 Label the cavities: Apply to animals

32 Membranes: Hold it all together Thin layer of tissue Thin layer of tissue Cover a surface, line a cavity, divide space or organ Cover a surface, line a cavity, divide space or organ Membranes Membranes Peritoneum Peritoneum Parietal Parietal Visceral Visceral Peritonitis: inflammation of the peritoneum Peritonitis: inflammation of the peritoneum Umbilicus/ Navel Umbilicus/ Navel (belly button) umbilical chord enters the body (belly button) umbilical chord enters the body Mesentery Mesentery Suspends the intestines in the abdominal cavity Suspends the intestines in the abdominal cavity Holds blood supply Holds blood supply

33 Positions for exams Recumbent: Lying down Recumbent: Lying down Types Types Dorsal: On your back Dorsal: On your back Ventral (Sternal): on your belly Ventral (Sternal): on your belly Left Lateral: on your left side Left Lateral: on your left side Right lateral: on your right side Right lateral: on your right side Prone: lying ventral or sternal Prone: lying ventral or sternal Supine: lying on your back Supine: lying on your back

34 Movement Adduction: Movement toward midline Adduction: Movement toward midline Abduction: movement away from midline Abduction: movement away from midline

35 Joint movement Flexion: close joint Flexion: close joint Extension: straightening of the joint Extension: straightening of the joint Hyper: flex or extend too far Hyper: flex or extend too far Supination: rotate to palm up Supination: rotate to palm up Pronation: palm turn down Pronation: palm turn down Rotation: circular movement around an axis Rotation: circular movement around an axis

36 Activity break Simon Says Joint movement review Simon Says Joint movement review

37 Cells and activity Cytology: Study of cells Cytology: Study of cells Label your cell diagram in your notes as review Label your cell diagram in your notes as review Use your book to describe what each organelle does Use your book to describe what each organelle does

38 Glands: Important Cell Types Specialized cell that secrete material used elsewhere in the body Specialized cell that secrete material used elsewhere in the body Types Types Endocrine: secrete directly into the blood stream Endocrine: secrete directly into the blood stream Exocrine: secrete into the duct system Exocrine: secrete into the duct system

39 Tissue Types Epithelial: Covers in and external body structures Epithelial: Covers in and external body structures Types Types Squamous, Cubodial, Columnar, Stratified Squamous, Cubodial, Columnar, Stratified Mesothelium: forms the lining of serious membranes (peritoneum) Mesothelium: forms the lining of serious membranes (peritoneum) Connective Tissue Connective Tissue Types Types Loose, dense, cartilage Loose, dense, cartilage Adipose (fat) Adipose (fat) Muscle: contains cell material that can relax and contract Muscle: contains cell material that can relax and contract Types: skeletal, smooth, cardiac Types: skeletal, smooth, cardiac Nervous: can react to stimuli and conduct electric impulses Nervous: can react to stimuli and conduct electric impulses

40 Activity Break Use your Book Use your Book On a separate sheet of paper On a separate sheet of paper Represent the different types of tissue Represent the different types of tissue Epithelial Epithelial 4 types 4 types Connective Connective 4 types 4 types Muscle Muscle 3 types 3 types

41 Structural Organization of the Body : Represent in your notes Organ: performs a function Organ: performs a function

42 Review Vocab you learned Vocab you learned Endocrine, Exocrine, Epithelial, Connective, Nervous, Muscle, Prone, Supine, Adduction, Abduction, Flexion, Extension Endocrine, Exocrine, Epithelial, Connective, Nervous, Muscle, Prone, Supine, Adduction, Abduction, Flexion, Extension Answer your essential question on your map Answer your essential question on your map Why is positional terminology critical? Why is positional terminology critical?

43 Test Review Finish your Chapter 1 and 2 activities for review Finish your Chapter 1 and 2 activities for review Complete all worksheets Complete all worksheets Exam to follow Exam to follow Graphic Organizer Learned: Hot Dog Vocabulary Graphic Organizer Learned: Hot Dog Vocabulary


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