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Chapter 1 and 2 Intro to Terminology

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1 Chapter 1 and 2 Intro to Terminology
Intro To Vet Studies Chapter 1 and 2 Intro to Terminology

2 Objectives Identify and recognize the parts of a medical term
Define commonly used prefixes/suffixes, combining forms, and suffixes presented in this chapter Analyze and understand basic medical terms Practice pronunciation of medical terms

3 Unit Concept Map Unit Name: Intro to Vet Terms (Cptr 1 and 2)
Unit EQ: Why is medical terminology important to understand? Daily EQs: What are the major parts of a term? Vocabulary:

4 Warm Up Any guess’? Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis
(Yeah that’s one word and its real)

5 Essential Question What are the major parts of a term?

6 Vet Terminology Every word has main parts Parts of the sandwich
Like a sandwich Parts of the sandwich Prefix (bread) Root (meat) Combining vowel (lettuce) Combining form (tomatoes) Suffix (bread)

7 Vet Terms Used every day Current vocab
Based on terms of Greek and Latin Origin Eponyms: words formed from a person’s name Better understanding of Latin and Greek = better understanding

8 Prefixes Found at the beginning Indicates #, location, time or status
Two types Contrasting Directional Example: Ab- means away from

9 Activity :Prefix De-coder
1 sheet of lined paper Fold it in half (long ways like a hot dog) Put the Prefixes on one half, definition on the other Perform this for both contrasting and Directional prefixes

10 Is there a Prefix in this word?

11 Root Words Give essential meaning to the word Is there a root word ?

12 Combining Vowel Normally single Usually an o
I and E also used Added to the of a root word to make it easier to pronounce When 2 or more root words are joined Not used when the suffix begins with a vowel Example: Gastro/o + enter/o = gastroenteritis How many? Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis

13 Combining Forms Root word + a combining vowel
Usually describe part of the body New words are created when prefixes + combining forms and suffixes Example Panleukopenia Pan: prefix meaning all Leuk/o : combining forms meaning white -penia : suffix meaning decifiency All together word means: Deficiency of all types of white blood cells

14 Combining forms? Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis

15 Suffixes Attached to end of words Modify meaning Types:
“Pertaining to” Surgical Procedural Double R Conditional and Structural

16 Analyzing Medical Terms
1. Dissect Divide word into basic components 2.Begin at the end Suffix first, then prefix, then root 2 root words? Divide and read left -> right 3. Anatomical Order How does it occur in the body?

17 Practice Together Ovariohysterectomy Ovari/o/hyster/ectomy
SUFFIX -ectomy- removal PREFIX Ovari/o – ovary ROOT Hysteri/o- uterus

18 Dissect the Vocab! Complete your worksheet

19 Review Vocab you learned: Answer your Daily EQ
Prefix, Suffix, Combining vowel, Combining form, root word Answer your Daily EQ What are the main parts of a term? Exit Question Think about it Why is pronunciation important ? Next Class Positional Terminology

20 Chapter 2 Positional Terminology
Intro To Vet Studies Chapter 2 Positional Terminology

21 Objectives ID body planes, positional terms, directional terms, and body cavities Define terms related to body cavities ID body systems by their components

22 Warm Up What does this show?

23 Essential Question Why is positional terminology critical?

24 Learn–ology -ology Anatomy: study of body structure
“the study of” Anatomy: study of body structure Physiology: study of body functions Pathology: study of the cause, nature & development of abnormal conditions Pathophysiology: study of changes in function caused by disease Etiology: study of disease

25 Positional terms Important for accurately and concisely describing body locations and relationships of structures In/Out, Up/Down etc Not specific enough !

26 Activity: Directional De-Coder
1 sheet of lined paper Fold it in half (long ways like a hot dog) Put the directional words on one half, definition on the other Table 2-1 in your book

27 Show what you know Grab a stuffed animal
Represent the planes you’ve learned with your stuffed animal! “Simon says”

28 Activity Body Planes Worksheet

29 Vet Dentistry Lingual Palatal Buccal Vestibular Occlusal Labial
Rising trend in vet care Teeth surfaces are identified by the area they are near Lingual Palatal Buccal Vestibular Occlusal Labial Contact Mesial Distal

30 Body cavities Hole/hollow space that contains organs
Cranial Spinal Thoracic/chest Abdominial/ peritoneal Pelvic Regional Terms (also used) Abdomen Thorax Groin/ inguinal

31 Label the cavities: Apply to animals

32 Membranes: Hold it all together
Thin layer of tissue Cover a surface, line a cavity, divide space or organ Membranes Peritoneum Parietal Visceral Peritonitis: inflammation of the peritoneum Umbilicus/ Navel (belly button) umbilical chord enters the body Mesentery Suspends the intestines in the abdominal cavity Holds blood supply

33 Positions for exams Recumbent: Lying down
Types Dorsal: On your back Ventral (Sternal): on your belly Left Lateral: on your left side Right lateral: on your right side Prone: lying ventral or sternal Supine: lying on your back

34 Movement Adduction: Movement toward midline
Abduction: movement away from midline

35 Joint movement Flexion: close joint
Extension: straightening of the joint Hyper: flex or extend too far Supination: rotate to palm up Pronation: palm turn down Rotation: circular movement around an axis

36 Activity break Simon Says Joint movement review

37 Cells and activity Cytology: Study of cells
Label your cell diagram in your notes as review Use your book to describe what each organelle does

38 Glands: Important Cell Types
Specialized cell that secrete material used elsewhere in the body Types Endocrine: secrete directly into the blood stream Exocrine: secrete into the duct system

39 Tissue Types Epithelial: Covers in and external body structures
Squamous, Cubodial, Columnar, Stratified Mesothelium: forms the lining of serious membranes (peritoneum) Connective Tissue Loose, dense, cartilage Adipose (fat) Muscle: contains cell material that can relax and contract Types: skeletal, smooth, cardiac Nervous: can react to stimuli and conduct electric impulses

40 Activity Break Use your Book On a separate sheet of paper
Represent the different types of tissue Epithelial 4 types Connective Muscle 3 types

41 Structural Organization of the Body : Represent in your notes
Organ: performs a function

42 Review Vocab you learned Answer your essential question on your map
Endocrine, Exocrine, Epithelial, Connective, Nervous, Muscle, Prone, Supine, Adduction, Abduction, Flexion, Extension Answer your essential question on your map Why is positional terminology critical?

43 Test Review Finish your Chapter 1 and 2 activities for review
Complete all worksheets Exam to follow Graphic Organizer Learned: Hot Dog Vocabulary

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