Presentation on theme: "Chapter 1 and 2 Intro to Terminology"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 1 and 2 Intro to Terminology Intro To Vet StudiesChapter 1 and 2Intro to Terminology
2 Objectives Identify and recognize the parts of a medical term Define commonly used prefixes/suffixes, combining forms, and suffixes presented in this chapterAnalyze and understand basic medical termsPractice pronunciation of medical terms
3 Unit Concept Map Unit Name: Intro to Vet Terms (Cptr 1 and 2) Unit EQ: Why is medical terminology important to understand?Daily EQs:What are the major parts of a term?Vocabulary:
4 Warm Up Any guess’? Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis (Yeah that’s one word and its real)
5 Essential QuestionWhat are the major parts of a term?
6 Vet Terminology Every word has main parts Parts of the sandwich Like a sandwichParts of the sandwichPrefix (bread)Root (meat)Combining vowel (lettuce)Combining form (tomatoes)Suffix (bread)
7 Vet Terms Used every day Current vocab Based on terms of Greek and Latin OriginEponyms: words formed from a person’s nameBetter understanding of Latin and Greek = better understanding
8 Prefixes Found at the beginning Indicates #, location, time or status Two typesContrastingDirectionalExample:Ab- means away from
9 Activity :Prefix De-coder 1 sheet of lined paperFold it in half (long ways like a hot dog)Put the Prefixes on one half, definition on the otherPerform this for both contrasting and Directional prefixes
10 Is there a Prefix in this word? Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis
11 Root Words Give essential meaning to the word Is there a root word ? Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis
12 Combining Vowel Normally single Usually an o I and E also usedAdded to the of a root word to make it easier to pronounceWhen 2 or more root words are joinedNot used when the suffix begins with a vowelExample:Gastro/o + enter/o = gastroenteritisHow many?Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis
13 Combining Forms Root word + a combining vowel Usually describe part of the bodyNew words are created when prefixes + combining forms and suffixesExamplePanleukopeniaPan: prefix meaning allLeuk/o : combining forms meaning white-penia : suffix meaning decifiencyAll together word means:Deficiency of all types of white blood cells
15 Suffixes Attached to end of words Modify meaning Types: “Pertaining to”SurgicalProceduralDouble RConditional and Structural
16 Analyzing Medical Terms 1. DissectDivide word into basic components2.Begin at the endSuffix first, then prefix, then root2 root words? Divide and read left -> right3. Anatomical OrderHow does it occur in the body?
17 Practice Together Ovariohysterectomy Ovari/o/hyster/ectomy SUFFIX -ectomy- removalPREFIX Ovari/o – ovaryROOT Hysteri/o- uterus
19 Review Vocab you learned: Answer your Daily EQ Prefix, Suffix, Combining vowel, Combining form, root wordAnswer your Daily EQWhat are the main parts of a term?Exit Question Think about itWhy is pronunciation important ?Next ClassPositional Terminology
20 Chapter 2 Positional Terminology Intro To Vet StudiesChapter 2Positional Terminology
21 ObjectivesID body planes, positional terms, directional terms, and body cavitiesDefine terms related to body cavitiesID body systems by their components
23 Essential QuestionWhy is positional terminology critical?
24 Learn–ology -ology Anatomy: study of body structure “the study of”Anatomy: study of body structurePhysiology: study of body functionsPathology: study of the cause, nature & development of abnormal conditionsPathophysiology: study of changes in function caused by diseaseEtiology: study of disease
25 Positional termsImportant for accurately and concisely describing body locations and relationships of structuresIn/Out, Up/Down etcNot specific enough !
26 Activity: Directional De-Coder 1 sheet of lined paperFold it in half (long ways like a hot dog)Put the directional words on one half, definition on the otherTable 2-1 in your book
27 Show what you know Grab a stuffed animal Represent the planes you’ve learned with your stuffed animal!“Simon says”
29 Vet Dentistry Lingual Palatal Buccal Vestibular Occlusal Labial Rising trend in vet careTeeth surfaces are identified by the area they are nearLingualPalatalBuccalVestibularOcclusalLabialContactMesialDistal
30 Body cavities Hole/hollow space that contains organs CranialSpinalThoracic/chestAbdominial/ peritonealPelvicRegional Terms (also used)AbdomenThoraxGroin/ inguinal
32 Membranes: Hold it all together Thin layer of tissueCover a surface, line a cavity, divide space or organMembranesPeritoneumParietalVisceralPeritonitis: inflammation of the peritoneumUmbilicus/ Navel(belly button) umbilical chord enters the bodyMesenterySuspends the intestines in the abdominal cavityHolds blood supply
33 Positions for exams Recumbent: Lying down TypesDorsal: On your backVentral (Sternal): on your bellyLeft Lateral: on your left sideRight lateral: on your right sideProne: lying ventral or sternalSupine: lying on your back
34 Movement Adduction: Movement toward midline Abduction: movement away from midline
35 Joint movement Flexion: close joint Extension: straightening of the jointHyper: flex or extend too farSupination: rotate to palm upPronation: palm turn downRotation: circular movement around an axis
37 Cells and activity Cytology: Study of cells Label your cell diagram in your notes as reviewUse your book to describe what each organelle does
38 Glands: Important Cell Types Specialized cell that secrete material used elsewhere in the bodyTypesEndocrine: secrete directly into the blood streamExocrine: secrete into the duct system
39 Tissue Types Epithelial: Covers in and external body structures Squamous, Cubodial, Columnar, StratifiedMesothelium: forms the lining of serious membranes (peritoneum)Connective TissueLoose, dense, cartilageAdipose (fat)Muscle: contains cell material that can relax and contractTypes: skeletal, smooth, cardiacNervous: can react to stimuli and conduct electric impulses
40 Activity Break Use your Book On a separate sheet of paper Represent the different types of tissueEpithelial4 typesConnectiveMuscle3 types
41 Structural Organization of the Body : Represent in your notes Organ: performs a function
42 Review Vocab you learned Answer your essential question on your map Endocrine, Exocrine, Epithelial, Connective, Nervous, Muscle, Prone, Supine, Adduction, Abduction, Flexion, ExtensionAnswer your essential question on your mapWhy is positional terminology critical?
43 Test Review Finish your Chapter 1 and 2 activities for review Complete all worksheetsExam to followGraphic Organizer Learned: Hot Dog Vocabulary