2IntroductionWhat on earth is a submittal and why should I care?
3Theory There’s a hard division between design & construction. The Designer controls all design decisions.The Contractor controls all means & methods decisions.The Inspector looks for compliance.Design by DesignerMeans & Methods by Contractor
4Reality Contractors assume many design-completion responsibilities. Design by DesignerMeans & Methods by ContractorDesign/Build systems (e.g. Fire Sprinklers)“Or Equal” component choices and consequencesSubstitution of components or systems (e.g. precast for cast-in-place)Detailed fabrication and manufacturing techniquesSupport and attachment engineeringAdopted system design (e.g., roofing)
5Proscriptive Specifications Pick which thing you want to buyWhy tell the designer?“Or Equal” lawsSubstitution proceduresBearing the consequences of a choice“But I really love this one better”
6Performance Specifications Design your system or component to meet the design requirementsDesign is a sloppy processWhen is the design good enough, thorough enough, redundant enough?When the design won’t workWhen other disciplines get involved
7What is the purpose of product data submittals, samples and shop drawings? For the architect/engineer to verify that the correct products and equipment will be installed on the project; selection of colors, patterns, types of materials; verification of details; furnishing of dimensions.
8Purpose of Submittals“Submittals contain information concerning products and equipment that are to be used in the project. Submittals provide a means by which the architect/engineer and owner can confirm the intent of the design.”If the contract requires it. AGC and AIA do.
9Submittal Review Process As documented in the specifications a detailed tracking of all required submittals.A specific approval process.Identification and timely approval of critical submittals.Release for delivery or fabrication.A very complex process detailed in the specifications.
10The Submittal Review Process ReviewedRejectedFurnish as NotedRevise and ResubmitA typical architect-engineers submittal review stamp will say with above marked- This review is only for general conformance with the design concept of the project and general compliance with the information given in the Contract Documents. Corrections or comments made on the shop drawings during this review do not relieve the contractor from compliance with the requirements of the plans and specifications. Approval of a specific item shall not include approval of an assembly of which the item is a component. Contractor is responsible for: dimensions to be confirmed and correlated at the job site; information that pertains solely to the techniques, sequences and procedures of construction; coordination of his or her work with that of all other trades, and for performing all work in a safe and satisfactory manner.Date: _________ By: _____________________
11Types of Submittals Depends on the Specifications or Documents
12The submittal review process (Vendor) (Contractor) (Designer) (Vendor)Prepare Review Approve Manufacture/Submittals Vendor Submittal Submittal fabricate work Lead DeliveryTime to jobsite InstallationThe submittal log.The review process, approved, rejected or as noted.The role of the designer and contractor.Vendor can mean supplier, subcontractor or contractor.
20The Submittal ProcessThe process and discipline of administering submittals is straightforward:Read the contract process requirementsIdentify all submittalsCategorize all submittals by typeIdentify subcontractor responsibility for scopeIdentify schedule requirements, then assign priorities and sequencingMeet and confirm the designer’s expectations for the process, deliverables, and prioritiesIntroduce subcontractors and designers, and establish design team preferences on major performance specification elements
21The Submittal ProcessDistribute the submittal plan – lists, the schedule, the process and preference – to all subcontractors or vendors.Screen every submittal for readiness, then review for compliance before forwarding to the designer.Dissect re-submittals, confirm shortcomings, keep everyone on the hook, don’t let them become invisible.Track all submittals through the entire process – including closeout – react to issues.Use a distribution matrix to circulate approved submittals to the right parties and into the fieldManage the process – hold everyone to the schedule, resolve process issues and bottlenecks, create consequences (e.g., escalating nasty phone calls to letters to progress payment withholdings.)
22Friday Lecture Review Is free better? Your role as an architect What's better a manufacturer or trade association?