Presentation on theme: "Pre-Greek and Grecian Times By: Alyson Bogart, Katie Horiuchi, Adina Cosden, Austin Luke, and Jason Chango."— Presentation transcript:
Pre-Greek and Grecian Times By: Alyson Bogart, Katie Horiuchi, Adina Cosden, Austin Luke, and Jason Chango
Pre-Greek Physiology Early Stone Age cave paintings(about 30,000 years ago) show simple knowledge of anatomy of animals. Cave dwellers applied knowledge of animals’ anatomy on their own bodies. Anatomical animal dissections to tell futures and fortunes
Hippocrates Nicknamed “Father of Medicine” Hippocrates the discoverer of medicine as “a rational science.” His major contribution invention of prognosis looking at the symptoms, comparing them, able to evaluate the illness
Hippocrates First to categorize illnesses acute, chronic, endemic, and epidemic Invented medical terms: Crisis, peak, relapse, and exacerbation Credited for describing clubbing. affects the fingers deformed. Created new methods for healing.
5 Aristotle Born: 384 BC Distinguished in Biology Plato Scientific Study of Life Originator of Anatomy- knowledge Physical Objects vs. Exhibit Theory of Greek Medicine Doctrine of the Four Basic Qualities Balance & Homeostasis Four Elements
6 Aristotle Cont. Found science of comparative anatomy- unable to study inside structure of humans No Human dissections Dissected over 50 species- 1 st : chick Heart & Vessels Arteries & Veins Essentials of Body (dissection) Similar Parts Function First Rank: Structure Description Inaccuracies Huge influences on many scientists Contribution to human/comparative anatomy- ENORMOUS
Herophilus Father of anatomy Medical training from Praxagoras One of the firsts anatomists First to dissect humans and animals, discovering many mysteries about the body Wrote about nine works Helped set basis for anatomists
Erasistatus Born on the island of chios Erasistratus Around 250 b.C. Differentiated between cerebrum and cerebellum. Distinguished motor vs. sensory nerves. Theory that parts of the body supplied with nutrients and blood through veins and capillaries. Found function of the epiglottis & the valves of the heart.
Works Cited Anat, Clin. "Result Filters." National Center for Biotechnology Information. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 5 July 2007. Web. 12 Sept. 2013. Carola, Robert. "A Short History of Human Anatomy." Human Anatomy. McGraw-Hill Press, n.d. Web. 12 Sept. 2013. "Erasistratus Of Ceos (Greek Physician)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2013. Greek Medicine: Hippocrates. David K. Osborn, 6 Mar. 2007. Web. 13 Sept. 2013..http://www.greekmedicine.net/whos_who/Hippocrates.html Hippocrates Contributions to Modern Medicine. N.p., 7 June 2006. Web. 13 Sept. 2013..http://myweb.usf.edu/~ldambly/contributions "Herophilus Definition." Herophilus. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Sept. 2013. "Herophilus (Greek Physician)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 12 Sept. 2013. "Herophilus (Meaning Of)." Herophilus (Meaning Of). N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Sept. 2013.
10 Works Cited Cont. Lennox, James, Lennox,. "Aristotle's Biology." Stanford University. Stanford University, 15 Feb. 2006. Web. 12 Sept. 2013. "Result Filters." National Center for Biotechnology Information. U.S. National Library of Medicine, n.d. Web. 12 Sept. 2013. Runes, Dagobert D., and David K. Osborn. "ARISTOTLE." Greek Medicine: Aristotle. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Sept. 2013.