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Building Vocabulary from Word Roots Unit 1: Lesson 2 Latin Prefixes dis-, di-, dif-

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1 Building Vocabulary from Word Roots Unit 1: Lesson 2 Latin Prefixes dis-, di-, dif-

2 The Latin prefixes dis-, di-, and dif- have two different meanings. In a directional sense, they can mean “apart” or “in different directions.” In a negative sense, they can mean “not.”

3  Write down a short definition for each of the words below. Use the words “apart,” “in different directions,” or “not” in your definitions.  disburse =  discomfort =  dissect =  disinterested =

4  Match each dis-, di-, dif- word with its description. Explain how the prefix means “apart,” “in different directions,” or “not.” DisburseDiscomfort DissectDisinterested – To cut something “apart” – The state of “not” being comfortable – To scatter “in different directions” – “Not” interested in something

5  When you encounter dis-, di-, dif- words that you do not know, you will need to try out both prefix meanings to determine which one makes the most sense. DisburseDiscomfort DissectDisinterested  TIP: When dis- means “not,” it is usually followed by a recognizable word (like “comfort” or “interested” above).

6  THINK: How do these dis-, di-, dif- words mean “apart,” “in different directions,” or “not”?  The students enjoyed the teacher’s digressions from the topic.  Our attention was diverted by the loud music.  She divulged a secret that changed all their lives!  Sometimes people distort the truth.  The talk was disjointed and hard to follow.  His clothes were in a state of disarray.

7 Divide and Conquer Dis-= “apart,” “in different directions,” or “not” tract = “pull, draw, drag” Distract means to “draw” something or someone “in a different direction.”  diverse: turned “in different directions”  disconnected: “not” connected

8 Divide and Conquer WORD: PREFIX MEANS: BASE MEANS:WORD MEANS: digressapart Gres=step, go To step in a different direction

9 Divide and Conquer WORD: PREFIX MEANS: BASE MEANS:WORD MEANS: dispelapart Pel=push To push or drive apart

10 Divide and Conquer WORD: PREFIX MEANS: BASE MEANS:WORD MEANS: discreditnot Cred=believe To not believe something as truth

11 Divide and Conquer WORD: PREFIX MEANS: BASE MEANS:WORD MEANS: distractionsapart Tract=pull, draw, drag Something that draws or pulls one’s attention aside

12 Divide and Conquer WORD: PREFIX MEANS: BASE MEANS:WORD MEANS: dissentapart Sent=think, feel To think or feel in a different direction; to differ in opinion

13 Divide and Conquer WORD: PREFIX MEANS: BASE MEANS:WORD MEANS: disruptiveapart Rupt=break To break apart

14 Divide and Conquer WORD: PREFIX MEANS: BASE MEANS:WORD MEANS: distendedapart Tend=stretch To stretch or extend out

15 Divide and Conquer WORD: PREFIX MEANS: BASE MEANS:WORD MEANS: divertapart Vert=turn To turn in different directions

16 Divide and Conquer WORD: PREFIX MEANS: BASE MEANS:WORD MEANS: dismissapart Mis=send To send away, in a different direction

17 Divide and Conquer WORD: PREFIX MEANS: BASE MEANS:WORD MEANS: dispenseapart Pend=weigh, hang To deal out or pay in different directions

18 Do Now! Copy these phrases down on a piece of notebook paper, skipping lines in between.  A diffident attitude  To disseminate a message  To create a diversion  To divulge a secret  To dissect a specimen  A disparity of resources  A room that is in disarray  To distort a story


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