Presentation on theme: "Al-Husain: Anecdotes and Sayings"— Presentation transcript:
1Al-Husain: Anecdotes and Sayings By A.S. Hashim. MDSayings of Imams taken from:Ziyarah of Imams taken from:
2Ashuraa Zainab and Zainul Abideen By A.S. Hashim. MDPROPHET MUHAMMAD(pbuh)II. After Hijrah: In Medina
3About this slide show The Vision of Ashuraa to be kept alive Manner of broadcastingSalient ways to reach the people over many yearsZainab’s Role in the effort and the Image of AshuraaZainul Abideen in Medina and the Image of AshuraaBoycottWriting Du’aas, Epistle of Rights and ObligationsActive mode of CryingAbout Al-Husain and the MajlisThe urging to visit Al-Husain's TombDiscussions with scholars
4Karbala with Al-Husain Zainul Abideen, along with:his wife (Fatima), andhis son (Al-Baaqir) join Al-Husain to KarbalaHe witnesses the savage treatment dealt to the family of the Prophet in KarbalaSees his father, 5 uncles, and many relatives (17 youths) mercilessly cut to pieces and heads cut offSees the tents burned and children screaming, alarmed, and running in fright, here and there for shelterWitnesses the nightmare of the moment while he was sick in bed near fainting
5Day of Ashuraa: Comparing Size of the Camp of Imam HusainSize of the Enemy (Yazid’s Forces)The Overwhelming Number
6Zainul Abideen and the vision of Ashuraa Immediately after the martyrdom of Imam Husain (ﻉ), the ruthless enemies turned to the tents to burn and plunder.The overwhelming grief,the flames of burning tents, andthe tumult among the widowed ladies and orphans must have taken its toll on the sensitive Sajjad.Neither tongue nor pen could have described the psychological impact. But the son of Al-Husain maintained his composure and spiritual serenity.
7Next day after Ashuraa Next day, Omar ibn Sa'd: Left unattended were: assembled all his slain soldiers,performed the funeral prayers for them andarranged for their burial,Left unattended were:the disfigured body of Imam Husain, and bodies of the slaughtered others of his familyand the decapitated bodies of his faithful adherentsUncovered,Un-shrouded, andUnburied, simply lying on the ground.
8The Image of Ashuraa It was a grotesque scene of the loved ones The bodies left in the open, decapitated, disfigured, bloody, wounded, barely clad with clothBodies left in haphazard manner where the battle took placeThe bodies were of the family that were talking to each other only the day before:Whose children played togetherWho joked and teased each otherWho taught others.Who helped others.Who preached the message of IslamWho were gracious, nice, spiritual, peaceful, knowledgeable, and revered.
9The deeply cutting feeling What went on in Ashuraa was so agonizing and hurtful, that Zainul Abideen preferred seclusionTo have almost no contact with people in seclusionTo have time to reflect, to conclude, and to assessSeclusion went on for at least one year.Dedicating his whole being to the AlmightyReflecting on the horrid tragedy and the spiteful cruel people who fought against them
10Zainul Abideen in Medina. After Karbala Zainul Abideen takes up seclusion in the outskirts of Medina, for about one year, in a tentZainab takes provisions for him every dayOnly about 5 people are permitted to meet with himUncle Muhammad ibn Al-Hanafiyah represents him and acts on his behalfSpends time in composing Du’aa, Meditating, and PrayersBe away from spies and secret agents of Benu Umayya
11In Seclusion for about one year Staying away from worldly pursuits, he kept himself busy by either:Worshipping his Lord orReflecting upon the heart-rending events of Karbala,Keeping Karbala's memories alive.He wept whenever he remembered his father andHe wept whenever he saw food or water,reflecting upon the thirst andhunger of his father, Imam Husain.
12Hymns, Du’aas, and Prayers He took to hymns and prayers.The words of those prayers are a treasure-houses of theological mysteries and reflective of the relationship between the Creator and His creation.A collection of these hymns and prayers, known as Al-Saheefa al-Kamila, or Al-Saheefa al-Sajjadiya, has survived despite all the odds.In the pages of this collection, we can find what we cannot perhaps attain even from reading lengthy addresses and discourses presented in a similarly appealing manner, if such can be found at all.
13The Vision of Ashuraa Persists The Incredibly agonizing Vision of Ashuraa keeps on in the mind of Zainul Abideen:Al-Husain without head, body desecrated and disfiguredTwo brothers without heads, body desecratedFive of his uncles without heads, body desecratedTen cousins without heads, body desecratedTheir garments snatched and stolenAbout 158 supporters killed and beheaded14 Women and some children maligned and ill treatedZainab in charge, most inflamed just as others felt.
14Zainab’s MissionFor years Zainab used to have circle of discussions about Islam, so people knew her wellNow Karbala is the very focus. She would discuss it to the fullest extentIn her admirable eloquence, she would move the audience to tearsThe speeches became the favorite for the women of Medina to talk about.The women would then acquaint their husbands and whip their emotions and raise their irePeople of Medina were highly inflamed
15Zainab Stirring Influence Frequent lecturing over a period of 1-2 years kept Ashuraa and Karbala aliveBenu Umayya could not hide it anymoreSo effective Zainab’s speeches were, that Marwan the governor of Medina wrote to Yazid:Zainab's speeches were so stirring and highly effective that a revolt against him may soon take placeNot too long afterwards, a revolt by Medina people against Yazid did take place,
16The Women in the MajlisZainab being the leader, along with Umm Kulthoom, Fatima bint Al-Hasan, and wives of Al-Husain were the very bugle thatstirred the conscience of the audienceAnd were instrumental in keeping Karbala alive.On Ashuraa, of the 15 females present on that day, one was killed, and one (Sukayna) died in DamascusThe 13 left, would all incessantly talk to friends and relatives about the events of AshuraaThe friends would talk to their relatives and friends.Thus, the news in its all gruesome detail spread all over Medina and soon spilled over to other areas
17Zainab Talks In the various Majlis, Zainab emphasizes The stand of Al-HusainThe loss of Ali and the baby, sons of HusainThe loss of her two sons: Youthful, vibrant, lovelyThe loss of her five brothers: Al-Abbas and his brothers: brave men, decent, outstandingThe loss of her nephews, the sons of Al-HasanThe loss of the sons of AqeelAll were well known and familiar to the people in Medina for yearsShe would explain and contrast the good versus the bad,and how the enemy, drunk with brute power, horridly tried to eradicate the family of the Prophet
18Zainab and Abdullah lose 2 AunSon2. MuhammadSonZainab daughter of Ali+Abdullah son of Ja’far, son of Abu Talib
19Aqeel, brother of Ali, loses three killed Ja'farSon of Abu Talib2. MuslimSon of Abu TalibAqeel brother of Ali son of Abu Talib+Muslim son of Aqeelson of Abu Talib4. Abdullah and5. Abu AbdullahGrandsons of Abu Talib3. MuhammadGrandson of Abu Talib+Abu Saeed son of Aqeel son of Abu Talib
20Turmoil of the timesZainul Abideen witnesses the grave consequences of the failed Medina uprising:Sahaaba killed,Wives assaulted, andProperty pilferedKa’ba was attacked by Yazid to pacify Ibn ZubairYazid dies at age of 33 YearsYazid’s forces leave Mecca upon hearing of his death
21During the 3 yr of Yazid Rule Atrocities of Yazid’s Rule1. Karbala Atrocities2. Invades Medina
22The Men in the MajlisAfter the tumult following the invasion of Yazid’s force of MedinaYazid’s forces were poised to attack Mecca when Yazid died, so the force withdrewZainab and her husband left to Damascus on business tripZainab, the female hero, died in Syria at the age of 57, just as Al-Husain was killed when he was 57Having had left an indelible effect by Zainab, now it is the mission of Zainul Abideen to carry out the task.
23Karbala Lives onZainab had broadcast the events of Karbala to the women of Medina in a brilliant mannerZainab accomplished the Short term EffectZainab is succeeded by Zainul Abideen to carry out the Long Term Strategy:Lay down the blue print for Islamic works by the succeeding ImamsInfluence the people by educating scholars aboutKarbalaHusain’s Principles andEmphasis on Taq'wa
24Zainul Abideen Emphasized Zainul Abideen emphasized the unique and the Central Role of Ahlul Bayt in Islam.The role of Karbala and the magnificent stand of Imam Husain: Unparalleled.And he worked hard to produce high quality scholars,who were to teach others about true Islam,thus spread the word about the motive and the principles which Imam Al‑Husain had given his life for, andat the same time expose the offenses of the vile Benu Umayya.
25To Keep on Karbala in Mind Imam Zainul Abideen urged the people to visit the site of Karbala, to connect with Imam Al‑Husain. This way they become actively involved.He encouraged Muslims to observe the anniversary of Karbala every year. Thus Karbala was institutionalized.This led to Majlis every year done at the anniversary in confidential manner, in private houses. The government of the time was none to be trusted. He used to visit the burial site of Imam Al‑Husain every year. He would visit Karbala un‑announced, often unnoticed.
26To Keep Karbala in MindHe recommended that in Sujood to touch a clean Turbah. This was recommended so that a person's highest part of Salat (Sujood) be associated with the principles that Imam Al‑Husain gave his life for, meaning authentic Islam.He used a logo: May the Killer of Al‑Husain Ibn Ali be Debased and Defiled.The Logo became popular
27Zainul Abideen’s Knowledge His ocean of knowledge was sought by the most distinguished scholars and theologians of the time,Many rose to a lofty status after obtaining such knowledge from him.They came to him from all parts of Arabia, the Middle East, and from Africa.The list of individuals who benefited from his knowledge and became scholars in their circles includes,Abu Hamza al-Thamali,Thabit ibn Dinar,al-Qasim ibn Muhammed ibn Abu Bakr,Ali ibn Rafi,al-Dhahhak ibn Muzahim al-Khurasani, to name a few
28The Islamic InstituteSteady growth of the Islamic Institute over the yearsDiligent work in tutoring of scholars.Growth steady but fast growingAl-Baaqir, and grandson Al-Saadiq participate in the Discourses and DiscussionsAl the end, 160 Scholars graduate at the hands of Zainul Abideen
30Renowned StudentsAl‑Baaqir and his brother Zayd also participated in the discourses,Other well known students were:Hasan Al-Basrithe poet al-FarazdaqSa‘id ibn al-Musayyab al-MakhzamiIbn Tawoos, andmany other erudite scholars
31The Magnificent Obsession: 35 Yrs Al-Sajjad’s Persistence about Karbala for 35 years through:Often crying and let other people cry in sympathyFrequent discourses about Al-Husain and his stand in the face of oppression, corruption, and injusticeEncouraging people to take the trouble to visit the tomb of Al-HusainAnd holding Majlis regularly, every year, and activating a surprisingly powerful social movementAll have led to an ever alive Karbala and Ashuraa in the hearts of people
33Hisham son of Abdul Malik It was extremely crowded near the Black stone of the Ka’ba. For it was Haj timeThe cross-eyed Hisham couldn’t reach it and he stood aside along with his numerous guardsSoon however he saw a man, seemingly of high stature, approach the areaEveryone made space for him out of reverence, so the man approached the Black Stone in a calm and steady manner and kissed it.Once he left, the area became once more very crowded and immediately so.
34Hisham, disparagingly asks: Belittlingly but with suppressed envy, Hisham asked who is this man?As if pretending he didn’t know who he wasAsking so to show offThe great poet Al-Farazdaq was near by, and upon hearing Hisham, he delivered a famous poem on behalf of Zainul AbideenBecause of the poem, Al-Farazdaq was taken to jailAfter a few months Al-Farazdaq was releasedQuotes of some lines appear in next slide
35Poem of Al-Farazdaq والبيت يعرفه والحلُّ والحرمُ هذا الذي تعرف البطحاء وطئتههذا التقي النقي الطاهرُ العلمُهذا ابن خير عباد الله كُلُّهمُبجده انبياء الله قد ختمواهذا ابن فاطمةٍ انْ كنت جاهلهالعرب تعرف من انكرت والعجمُوليس قولك منْ هذا؟ بضائرهلولا التشهّد كانت لاءه نعمُما قال لا قط ْ الا في تشهدهعنها الغياهب والاملاق والعدمُعمَّ البرية بالاحسان فانقشعتالى مكارم هذا ينتهي الكرمُاذا رأته قريش قال قائلها
36Character Zainul Abideen was very forgiving and generous. During Ramadhan, he would record whatever misdemeanor his servants did, then let them acknowledge, then give them their freedomHe used to buy as many slaves as he could afford, educate them then set them freeHe was revered in the community since he was the Imam of the Ummah
37Zainul Abideen personifies excellence of the human perfections Zainul Abideen was a true copy of his ancestors.In both Karbala and Kufa, he demonstrated extreme patience and courage.In Medina, he proved to be most forbearing and forgiving.Once, an insolent person spoke to Zainul Abideen in an abusive and taunting tone. The serene, high-spirited Imam replied saying,"May Allah forgive me if you have told the truth or forgive you if you are wrong."The man was taken aback, impressed by this nobility, sohe lowered his head in shame as he said, "In reality, what I said was wrong."
38The relevance of Ashuraa to humanity today “Every day is Ashuraa and every land is Karbala.”- Imam Ja’far As-Saadiq (as)
39Thomas Carlyle: The spirit of Ashuraa “The best lesson which we get from the tragedy of Cerebella [Karbala] is that Husain and his companions were rigid believers in God.They illustrated that numerical superiority does not count when it comes to truth and falsehood.The victory of Husain, despite his minority, marvels me!”
40Mohandas Gandhi: The spirit of Ashuraa I have learned from Husain how to beoppressed yet victorious.
41The spirit of Ashuraa modern commentary Edward Gibbon:“In a distant age and climate, the tragic scene of the death of Husain will awaken the sympathy of the coldest reader.”
42Mohandas Gandhi: The spirit of Ashuraa “I wanted to know the best of the life of one who holds today an undisputed sway over the hearts of millions of mankind.... I became more than ever convinced that it was not the sword that won a place for Islam in those days in the scheme of life.It was the rigid simplicity, the utter self-effacement of Husain, the scrupulous regard for pledges, his intense devotion to his friends and followers, his intrepidity, his fearlessness, his absolute trust in God and in his own mission to save Islam. These and not the sword carried everything before them and surmounted every obstacle.”
43Zainul Abideen diesZainul Abideen dies at age of 57, reportedly poisoned.Had calloused skin at place of Sujood (forehead)Thick skin in his back due to carrying sacs of flour at night to distribute to the poorBecame pale with curved back due to incessant prayersHad the roughest experience: be it in Karbala, political times, and other circumstancesHis load was enormously heavy and psychologically taxing
45Translation: Ziyarah Ashuraa O Abu Abdullah! Ominous is the agony for us over you and for all the true Muslims,And what is committed against you has greatly distressed the heavens and the dwellers of the heavens.O Ahlul Bayt! May Allah condemn the people who set up the means for others to harm you and bear hard upon you.May Allah condemn the people who tried to obscure and deny your stature, neglecting your rank that Allah had enjoined.May Allah condemn the people who had killed you and those who had instigated and had a part in fighting against you.I turn away from them, their henchmen, their followers and friends,O Abu Abdullah! I am in peace with those who are in peace with you, and in war against those who are in war with you, till the Day of Judgment.
46In ConclusionThe Magnificent approach to enlighten the people about HusainZainab’s approach along with other womenZainab’s short term effect, 1-2 YearsZainul Abideen’s personal approachZainul Abideen’s Long Term: over 35 yearsCrying for Husain and involving others to cryEncouraging others to hold MajlisEncouraging others to visit Al-Husain in KarbalaEducating scholars about KarbalaThe influence of Karbala over others: Ghandi and Western Writers
47Thank you and May God Bless you. Be in Allah’s CareThank you and May God Bless you.Dr. A.S. Hashim